Abad, José M and Loeffler, Axel and Zemanek, Holger (2011): TARGET2 Unlimited: Monetary Policy Implications of Asymmetric Liquidity Management within the Euro Area.
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This paper analyses the implications of a continued divergence of TARGET2 balances for monetary policy in the euro area. The accumulation of TARGET2 claims (liabilities) would make ECB’s liquidity management asymmetric once the TARGET2 claims in core countries have crowded out central bank credit in those regions. Then while providing scarce liquidity to banks in countries with TARGET2 liabilities, the ECB will need to absorb excess liquidity in countries with TARGET2 claims. We discuss three alternatives and its implications to absorb excess liquidity in core regions: (1) Using market based measures might accelerate the capital flight from periphery to core countries and would add to the accumulation of risky assets by the ECB. (2) Conducting non-market based measures such as imposing differential (unremunerated) reserve requirements would distort banking markets and would support the development of shadow banking. (3) Staying passive would lead to decreasing interest rates in core Europe entailing inflationary pressure and overinvestment in those regions and possibly future instability of the banking system.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||TARGET2 Unlimited: Monetary Policy Implications of Asymmetric Liquidity Management within the Euro Area|
|Keywords:||TARGET2 balances, monetary policy, euro area, Eurosystem, excess liquidity|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F32 - Current Account Adjustment; Short-Term Capital Movements
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E4 - Money and Interest Rates > E42 - Monetary Systems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System; Payment Systems
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit > E58 - Central Banks and Their Policies
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit > E52 - Monetary Policy
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F36 - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
|Depositing User:||Holger Zemanek|
|Date Deposited:||03. Jul 2011 13:49|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 04:06|
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