Zhang, Zhichao and Shi, Nan and Zhang, Xiaoli (2011): China’s new exchange rate regime, optimal basket currency and currency diversification.
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We build an optimising framework to analyse a class of economies that adopt an ECU-type basket currency while in transition to increased flexibility of the exchange rate regime. Instead of conventional basket pegging, such an economy uses an ECU-type currency index as a benchmark for monitoring and assessing exchange rate movements. This provides an anchoring device for the nation’s exchange rate regime and allows the home currency’s exchange rate to fluctuate. Under the assumption that the central bank is chiefly interested in maintaining stability, the optimal structure of the basket currency is based on its contribution to minimizing the volatility of the country’s external account. A currency invariance index is applied to capture the effect of the country’s exit from exclusive linkage with the US dollar. The approach is illustrated by Chinese exchange rate policy. We find it advisable and viable for China to form a basket currency with a diversified portfolio of currencies. While the portfolio’s weighting scheme could favour the dollar, euro and Japanese yen, we show that the composition of the basket is open to a wide range of possibilities. Moreover, contrary to general fears, there is considerable potential for China to engage in currency diversification, which will not necessarily affect the dollar’s position.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||China’s new exchange rate regime, optimal basket currency and currency diversification|
|Keywords:||Exchange rate regime; Basket currency; Currency diversification|
|Subjects:||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit > E58 - Central Banks and Their Policies
P - Economic Systems > P4 - Other Economic Systems > P45 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F31 - Foreign Exchange
|Depositing User:||Nan Shi|
|Date Deposited:||08. Aug 2011 13:52|
|Last Modified:||22. Feb 2013 19:13|
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