Chaudhuri, Sarbajit and Ghosh Dastidar, Krishnendu (2011): Vertical linkage between formal and informal credit markets: corruption and credit subsidy policy.
Download (161kB) | Preview
We develop a model of vertical linkage between the formal and informal credit markets which highlights the presence of corruption in the distribution of formal credit. The existing moneylender, the bank official and the new moneylenders move sequentially and the existing moneylender acts as a Stackelberg leader and unilaterally decides on the informal interest rate. The analysis distinguishes between two different ways of designing a credit subsidy policy. If a credit subsidy policy is undertaken through an increase in the supply of institutional credit, it is likely to increase the competitiveness in the informal credit market and lower the informal sector interest rate under reasonable parametric restrictions. Any change in the formal sector interest rate has no effect. However, an anticorruption measure (increase in penalty) unambiguously lowers the interest rate in the informal credit market. Finally, we examine the effects of alternative policies on the incomes of different economic agents in our model.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Vertical linkage between formal and informal credit markets: corruption and credit subsidy policy|
|English Title:||Vertical Linkage between Formal and Informal Credit Markets: Corruption and Credit Subsidy policy|
|Keywords:||Formal/informal credit markets, informal interest rate; corruption; credit subsidy policy|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L13 - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O16 - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
|Depositing User:||Sarbajit Chaudhuri|
|Date Deposited:||25. Dec 2011 21:03|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 20:15|
Bardhan, P.K. and A. Rudra (1978), “Interlinkage of Land, Labour, and Credit Relations: An Analysis of Village Survey Data in East India”, Economic and Political Weekly 13, 367-84.
Bedbak, H. (1986), “Institutional Financing for Priority Sector: An Empirical Assessment of Delay and Analysis of Attitudes of Agencies Towards Loanees,” Indian Cooperative Review 24, 65-76.
Bose, P. (1998): ‘Formal-informal sector interaction in rural credit markets’, Journal of Development Economics 56, 265-80.
Braverman,A., and J. L. Guasch (1986), “Rural Credit Markets and Institutions in Developing Countries: Lessons for Policy Analysis from Practice and Modern Theory,” World Development, 14, No. 10, 1253-67.
Chaudhuri, S and K.G. Dastidar (2011) “Corruption in a model of vertical linkage between formal and informal credit sources and credit subsidy policy” Economic Modelling 28, 2596- 2599.
Chaudhuri, S., and M. R. Gupta (1996), “Delayed Formal Credit, Bribing and the Informal Credit Market in Agriculture: A Theoretical Analysis,” Journal of Development Economics 51, 433-449.
Floro, M. S., and D Ray (1997), “Vertical Links Between Formal and Informal Financial Institutions,” Review of Development Economics 1, 34-56.
Gupta, M. R., and S. Chaudhuri (1997), “Formal Credit, Corruption and the Informal Credit Market in Agriculture: a Theoretical Analysis”, Economica 64, 331-43.
Hoff, K., and J. Stiglitz (1997), “Moneylenders and Bankers: Price-Increasing Subsidies in a Monopolistically Competitive Market,” Journal of Development Economics 52, 429-62.
Reserve Bank of India, 1981, “All India Rural Debt and Investment Survey 1981”.
Rudra, A. (1982), “Indian Agricultural Economics: Myths and Realities”. Allied Publishers, New Delhi.
Sarap, K., (1991), “Interlinked Agrarian Markets in Rural India”. Sage Publications, New Delhi.
Umali, D. (1990), “The Structure and Price Performance of the Philippine Rice Marketing System”. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University.