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CROISSANCE pro-pauvre au CAMEROUN entre 2001 et 2007

NZINGOULA, Gildas and TCHIENGANG, Acheille and METANGMO, Janvier (2009): CROISSANCE pro-pauvre au CAMEROUN entre 2001 et 2007.

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze whether the observed growth in Cameroon between 2001 and 2007 was pro-poor or not. The main data sources used to complete this study are those of ECAM II, ECAM III and World Bank data. Among the tools used to analyze the nature of growth observed, are the FGT indices, the Lorenz curve, the curve of incidence and growth of poverty. After analysis, we concluded that the growth observed in Cameroon during this period was pro-poor absolute and relative in urban area on one hand and absolute pro-poor in rural areas on the other hand, that is to say that in urban area the poor’s income has increased more than for the non-poor. By contrast, in rural area the growth rate of the poor’s income is almost identical to those of non-poor. Shortly, between 2001 and 2007, there was a significant reduction in inequality in urban area; by way of contrast in rural area inequalities have remained almost the same.

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