Mohammad, Irfan and Amjad, Rashid (1994): Poverty in rural Pakistan. Published in: Poverty in Rural Asia, ILO/ARTEP Bangkok (1994): pp. 19-47.
Download (1431Kb) | Preview
The major aim of this chapter is to extend the poverty studies of the sixties into the seventies, it also re-examines the evidence on rural poverty for the sixties, supplementing the results with new evidence where available, mainly to see whether the conclusions reached by earlier authors were in fact justified. An examination of the trends in rural poverty into the seventies has gained additional importance for a number of reasons. It could be argued, with some merit, that since the major increases in agricultural production took place in the latter half of the sixties (mainly after 1966) the time period covered by the earlier studies, i.e. till 1971/72 was not long enough to evaluate its "spill over" effect on rural poverty. The early seventies also saw the introduction of structural changes mainly in the form of land and tenancy reforms by the then government. As compared to the sixties agricultural growth drastically slowed down although there was a sharp recovery toward the end of the seventies. In the second half of the seventies there took place the phenomenon of overseas migration leading to a significant outflow of the labour force and large inflows of foreign remittances. These factors could have had an important impact on the extent and trend in rural poverty in the seventies.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Poverty in rural Pakistan|
|Keywords:||Rural; Poverty; Pakistan; Asia|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P36 - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O18 - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R51 - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
P - Economic Systems > P4 - Other Economic Systems > P46 - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Nabeela Arshad|
|Date Deposited:||25. Apr 2012 12:22|
|Last Modified:||17. Feb 2013 21:15|
S.M. Naseem "Mass Poverty in Pakistan: some preliminary findings" The Pakistan Development Review Winter 1973.
T.M. Khan and S.R. Bose's study "Report on Income of Agricultural Workers in Pakistan", Mimeo. (P.I.D.E., Karachi, 1968.
Talat Alauddin "Mass Poverty in Pakistan: a further study" The Pakistan Development Review Winter 1975.
S.M. Naseem "Rural Poverty and Landlessness in Pakistan" in ILO Poverty and Landlessness in Rural Asia (Geneva 1977).
G.B.S. Mujahid "A Note on Measurement of Poverty and Income Inequalities in Pakistan: Some observations on Methodology" Pakistan Development Review Autumn 1978.
S.M. Naseem, "Rural Poverty and Landlessness in Pakistan - Dimensions and Trends", (Mimeo). 1976.
M.A. Khan and M.A. Khan Nutritional Standards 0f Growth for Infants and Young Children and Recommended Dietary Allowances for Pakistani Population Planning and Development Division, Government of Pakistan, 1980.
Planning and Development Division, Nutrition Cell, Micro Nutrient Survey of Pakistan, Vol. II, June 1978.
J. Hamid, "A Review of the Agricultural Breakthrough in West Pakistan". The Punjab University Economist, Vol. VIII, No. I, June 1970.
S.M. Naseem, "Mass Poverty in Pakistan", Pakistan Development Review, Winter 1973.
Government of Pakistan, Agricultural Statistics 0f Pakistan, 1980, Islamabad, 1981, p. 99.
R. Herring and M. Ghaffar Chaudhry, "The 1972 Land Reforms in Pakistan and their Economic Implications", Pakistan Development Review, Autumn 1973, pp. 245-279.
Government of Pakistan, Pakistan Economic Survey 1972/73, Islamabad, 1973, p. II.
I. Ghani, et al., Labour Migration from Pakistan to the Middle East and Its Impact on the Domestic Economy, PIDE (Monograph), Islamabad, 1981.
Pakistan Economic Survey, 1981/82, op. cit.
S.M. Naseem, Underdevelopment, Poverty and Inequality in Pakistan, Vanguard Publications, Lahore, 1981, pp. 174-175.
Leslie Nulty, The Green Revolution in Pakistan, New York, Praeger Publishers, 1972
J.D. McInerney and a.F. Donaldson, The Consequences of Farm Tractors in Pakistan, World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 210, February 1975).
Brain Lockwood, Farm Mechanisation in Pakistan: Policy and Practice, paper presented at the Joint ADC/IRRI Workshop on the Consequences of Small Rice Farm Mechanisation in Asia, Philippines, September 1981.
M.H. Khan, Underdevelopment and Agrarian Structure in Pakistan, Colorado, 1981, p. 20.
Dilwar Ali Khan, "Employment and Occupational Change in Rural Punjab: Consequences of Green Revolution" in Employment Planning and Basic Needs in Pakistan, ILO/ ARTEP, 1978,
McInerney and Donaldson (1975), op. cit.
Gilani, et at., op. cit.