Vasilaky, Kathryn (2011): The effects of school quality on fertility in a transition economy.
Download (609kB) | Preview
This paper investigates the effects of school quality on fertility in a transition country. It aims to explain the slowing fertility and shrinking rural sector of a post Soviet country, Ukraine, through the decline in the quality of public services, in particular, school quality. It builds on earlier work of Rosenzweig (1982), which tests for the effects of a change in the price of child quality, measured here by school quality. Estimates from a generalized Poisson model of fertility show that school quality has a positive and signiﬁcant effect on household fertility. Speciﬁcally, a 10 % increase in teacher quality is associated with a 3+% rise in fertility. This positive relationship between education and fertility distinguishes itself from the negative relationship that is commonly observed between these two factors. It also suggests that Ukraine should reconsider its population policies that are aimed at increasing fertility, from short term income transfers for rural families to long term investments into the quality and equality of their education system.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The effects of school quality on fertility in a transition economy|
|English Title:||THE EFFECTS OF SCHOOL QUALITY ON FERTILITY IN A TRANSITION ECONOMY|
|Keywords:||school quality, transition economy, quality quantity tradeoff|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D13 - Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
|Depositing User:||Kathryn Vasilaky|
|Date Deposited:||23. May 2012 13:58|
|Last Modified:||20. Mar 2015 23:42|
Adadjanian, V. and Makarova, E. (2003). From soviet modernization to post-soviet transformation: Understanding marraige and fertility dynamics in uzbekistan. Development and Change 34: 447–473.
Angrist, J., Lavy, V. and Schlosser, A. (2006). New Evidence on the Causal Link between the Quantity and Quality of Children. Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn, Germany.
Asefa, S. (2005). Economics of Sustainable Development. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute.
Becker, G. and Lewis, H. G. (1973). On the interaction between the quantity and quality of children. Journal of Political Economy 81: S279–S288.
Behrman, J. R. and Birdsall, N. (1983). The quality of schooling: Quantity alone is misleading. The American Economic Review, 73: 928–946.
Bekh, O., Murrugarra, E., Paniotto, V., Petrenko, T. and Sarioglo, V. (2007). Ukraine School Survey: Design Challenges, Poverty Linkages and Evaluation Opportunities. World Bank and Kyiv International Institute of Sociology, Washington, DC and Kyiv, Ukraine.
Betts, J. R. (1995). Does school quality matter? evidence from the national longitudinal survey of youth. The Review of Economics and Statistics 77: 231–250.
Betts, J. R. (2001). The impact of school resources on women’s earnings and educational attainment: Findings. Journal of Labor Economics 19: 635–657.
Bezrukov, V. V. and Verzhikovskaya, N. (1994). Status report from ukraine. Ageing International 21: 54–61.
Boozer, M. A., Krueger, A. B., Wolkon, S., Haltiwanger, J. C. and Loury, G. (1992). Race and school quality since brown v. board of education. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. Microeconomics 1992: 269–338.
Buslayeva, E., Goldberg, H., Melnikova, N. and Zakhozha, V. (1999). Ukraine: Reproductive Health Survey. Kyiv International Institute of Sociology, Kyiv, Ukraine. Card, D. and Krueger, A. B. (1992). School quality and black-white relative earnings: A direct assessment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 107: 151–200.
Dearden, L., Ferri, J. and Meghir, C. (2002). The effect of school quality on educational attainment and wages. The Review of Economics and Statistics 84: 1–20.
Gabriel, C. (2005). Our nation is dying: Interpreting patterns of childbearing in post soviet russia. In Douglas, C. B. (ed.), Barren States: The Population Implosion in Europe. New York: Berg Publishers, 73–92.
Ganguli, I. and Terrell, K. (2005). What Drives Changes in Wage Inequality in Ukraine’s Transition. Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn, Germany.
Glewwe, P. (1999). School quality, student achievement, and fertility in developing countries. In Bledsoe, C. H., Casterline, J. B., Johnson-Kuhn, J. A. and Haaga, J. G. (eds), Critical Perspectives on Schooling and Fertility in the Developing World. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 105–37.
20Gorodnichenko, Y. and Sabirianova-Peter, K. (2005). Returns to schooling in russia and ukraine: A semiparametric approach to cross-country comparative analysis. Journal of Comparative Economics 33: 324–350.
Grob, U. and Wolter, S. C. (2007). Demographic change and public education spending: A conﬂict between young and old? Education Economics 15: 277–92.
Grogan, L. (2006). An economic examination of the post-transition fertility decline in russia. PostCommunist Economies 18: 363–397.
Hanushek, E. A. and Wössmann, L. (2007). Education Quality and Economic Growth. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4122, World Bank.
Huffman, W. E. and Orazem, P. F. (2007). Agriculture and human capital in economic growth: Farmers, schooling and nutrition. Handbook of Agricultural Economics 3: 2281–2341.
Johnson, G. E. and Stafford, F. P. (1973). Social returns to quantity and quality of schooling. The Journal of Human Resources 8: 139–155.
Kohler, H.-P., Billari, F. C. and Ortega, J. A. (2002). The emergence of lowest-low fertility in europe during the 1990s. Population and Development Review 28: 641–680.
Lehmann, H., Pignatti, N. and Wadsworth, J. (2006). The incidence and cost of job loss in the ukrainian labor market. Journal of Comparative Economics 34: 248–271.
Lukovenko, Y. and Kopets, A. (2001). From Fiction to Transparent Education Funding. International Centre for Policy Studies, Kyiv, Ukraine.
Maksymenko, S. (2008). Fertility, money holdings, and economic growth: Evidence from ukraine. Comparative Economics Forthcoming.
Melnichuk, A. (2007a). Keeping hold of a quality workforce. Business Ukraine .
Melnichuk, A. (2007b). The ukrainian recruitment sector: Rising demand, falling supply. Business Ukraine .
Meyers, W. H., Demyanenko, S. I., Johnson, T. G. and Zorya, S. I. (????). Ukraine’s Education System. Institute for Agribusiness and Rural Development in Ukraine, International Business Initiative, and USAID.
Murragara, E. (2005). Ukraine Poverty Assessment. Poverty and Inequality in a Growing Economy. Poverty Report 34631-UA, World Bank.
Osipian, A. (2008). Economic Growth: Human Capital Nexus in Post Soviet Ukraine. Munich: Munich Personal RePEc Archive.
Paraschenko, L. (2004). Ukraine’s Education System. European School Heads Association, Stavanger, Norway.
Perelli-Harris, B. (2005). Testing the quantity-quality fertility model: The use of twins as a natural experiment. Population Studies 59: 55–70.
Perelli-Harris, B. (2006). The inﬂuence of informal work and subjective well-being on childbearing in post-soviet russia. Population and Development Review 32: 729–753.
Philipov, D. and Dorbritz, J. (2003). Demographic consequences of economic transition in countries of central and eastern europe. Population Studies 39, Council of Europe Publishing. 21Rivkin-Fish, M. (2003). Anthropology, demography, and the search for a critical analysis of fertility: Insights from russia. American Anthropologist 105: 289–301.
Rizzuto, R. and Wachtel, P. (1980). Further evidence on the returns to school quality. The Journal of Human Resources 15: 240–254.
Rosenzweig, M. R. (1977). Farm-family schooling decisions: Determinants of the quantity and quality of education in agricultural population. The Journal of Human Resources 12: 71–91.
Rosenzweig, M. R. (1982). Educational subsidy, agricultural development, and fertility change. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 97: 67–88.
Rosenzweig, M. R. and Wolpin, K. (1980). Testing the quantity-quality fertility model: The use of twins as a natural experiment. Econometrica 48: 227–240.
Rozhen, O. (2005). Will ukraine survive depopulation? Zerkalo Nedeli 37: 565.
Shcherbatyuk, M. (2007). Human rights in Ukraine - 2006. XVI. The Right to Education. Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union, Kyiv, Ukraine.
Stark, L. and Kohler, H.-P. (2002). The debate over low fertility in the popular press: A crossnational comparison. Population Research and Policy Review 21: 535–574.
Todd, P. and Wolpin, K. (1973). Using a social experiment to validate a dynamic behavioral model of child schooling and fertility:assessing the impact of a school subsidy program in mexico. Journal of Political Economy 81: S279–S288.
Ulubas-og, M. A. and Cardak, B. A. (2007). International comparisons of rural-urban educational attainment: Data and determinants. European Economic Review 101: 1828–1857.
Volobuyev, V. (2008). Stan ta tendentsii demohraﬁchnoyi sytuatsii v sils’kij mistsevocti stepovoii zony: States and tendencies of rural population’s demographic situation in ukraine. Sociology in UA .
Wang, W. and Famoye, F. (1997). Modeling household fertility decisions with generalized poisson regression. Journal of Population Economics 10: 273–283.
Wanner, C. and Dudwick, N. (1999). Children have become a luxury: Everyday dilemmas of poverty in ukraine. In Duwick, N., Gomart, E. and Kathleen Kuehnast, A. M. with (eds), When Things Fall Apart: Qualitative Studies in Poverty in the former Soviet Union. Washington, DC: World Bank, 263–99.
Winkelmann, R. and Zimmermann, K. (1994). Count data models for demographic data. Mathematical Population Studies 4: 205–21,223.
Wooldridge, J. M. (2002). Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Yushchenko, V. (2007). Can downstream waste disposal policies encourage upstream ’design for environment’? The Silski Visti (Rural News) 101: 233–237.