Pradhan, Jaya Prakash and Zohair, Mohammad and Alagawadi, Mallikarjun V. (2012): Regional Policies, Firm Characteristics, and Exporting in the Indian State of Karnataka.
Download (514Kb) | Preview
Karnataka is among pioneering Indian states to frame suitable policies aimed at encouraging local firms’ export activities. Promotion and facilitation of firms to look beyond national market was achieved by creating a strong enabling institutional framework, supporting expansion of productive capacity, and helping exporting firms gain access to required physical infrastructure. As a result of such policies, exports from the Indian state of Karnataka have been growing rapidly with contributing over half a quarter of Indian exports of commodities and software. The present study provides an overview of export trends and patterns of Karnataka in the backdrop of the state policy developments. It examines the relevance of various factors pertinent to the exports by Karnataka manufacturing firms and deduces implications for development policy of the state.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Regional Policies, Firm Characteristics, and Exporting in the Indian State of Karnataka|
|English Title:||Regional Policies, Firm Characteristics, and Exporting in the Indian State of Karnataka|
|Keywords:||Export Policies, Exports, Karnataka, India|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F10 - General
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy > O24 - Trade Policy; Factor Movement Policy; Foreign Exchange Policy
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O53 - Asia including Middle East
|Depositing User:||Jaya Prakash Pradhan|
|Date Deposited:||30. Aug 2012 09:13|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 21:27|
Aggarwal, A. (2002) ‘Liberalisation, Multinational Enterprises and Export Performance: Evidence from Indian Manufacturing’, Journal of Development Studies, 38 (3), pp. 119–137.
Anh, N.N., P. Q. Ngoc, N.D. Chu, and N.D. Nhat (2007) ‘Innovation and Export of Vietnam’s SME Sector’, Paper for UNU-MERIT Conference on Micro-Evidence on Innovation in Developing Economies.
Barney, J. (1991) ‘Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage’, Journal of Management, 17, pp. 99–120.
Barrios, S., H. Gorg, and E. Strobl (2003), ‘Explaining Firms’ Export Behaviour: R&D, Spillovers and the Destination Market’, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 65(4), pp. 475–496.
Bernard, A.B. and J. Wagner (2001), ‘Export Entry and Exit by German Firms’ Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 137(1), pp.105–123.
Bernard, A.B. and J.B. Jensen (1999), ‘Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?’, Journal of International Economics, 47(1), pp.1–25.
Bleaney, M. and K. Wakelin (1999), ‘Sectoral and Firm-Specific Determinants of Export Performance: Evidence from the United Kingdom’, GLM Research Paper, No. 99/12, University of Nottingham.
Bonaccorsi, A. (1992) ‘On the Relationship Between Firm Size and Export Intensity’ Journal of International Business Studies, 23(4), pp. 605-635.
Braunerhjelm, P. (1996), ‘The relationship between firm-specific intangibles and exports’ Economic Letters, 53(2), pp. 213–219.
Buckley, P. J. (1989) ‘Foreign Direct Investment by Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises: The theoretical background’, Small Business Economics, 1(2), pp. 89–100.
Calof, J.L. (1994), ‘The Relationship between Firm Size and Export Behaviour Revisited’, Journal of International Business Studies, 25 (2), pp. 367–387.
Caves, R.E. (1971) ‘International Corporations: The Industrial Economics of Foreign Investment’, Economica, 38(149), pp. 1–27.
Chay, K.Y. and J.L. Powell (2001), ‘Semiparametric Censored Regression Models’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15 (4), pp. 29–42.
Chernozhukov, V. and H. Hong (2002), ‘Three-Step Censored Quantile Regression and Extramarital Affairs’, Journal of American Statistical Association, 97 (459), pp. 872–882.
Conner, K.R. (1991) ‘A Historical Comparison of Resource-Based Theory and Five Schools of Thought within Industrial Organization Economics: Do We Have a New Theory of the Firm?’, Journal of Management, 17(1), pp. 121–154.
de la Torre, J.R.(1971), ‘Exports of Manufactured Goods from Developing Countries: Marketing Factors and the Role of Foreign Enterprise’, Journal of International Business Studies, 2(1), pp. 26–39.
Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (2009), SIA Newsletter - Annual Issue 2009, New Delhi: GOI.
Dosi, G. and L. Soete, (1988), ‘Technical change and international trade’, in G. Dosi, C. Freeman, R. Nelson, G. Silverberg and L. Soete (eds), Technical Change and Economic Theory, pp. 401–431, London: Printer Publisher.
Ericson, R. and A. Pakes (1995), ‘Markov-perfect industry dynamics: A framework for empirical work’, Review of Economic Studies, 62(1), pp. 53–82.
Fernandez, Z and M. J. Nieto (2005) ‘Internationalization Strategy of Small and Medium-sized Family Business: Some Influential Factors’, Family Business Review, 18(1), pp. 77–89.
Fitzgerald, B. and T. Monson (1989), ‘Preferential Credit and Insurance as Means to Promote Exports’, The World Bank Research Observer, 4(1), pp. 89–114.
Government of India (2009), Economic Survey 2008–09, Ministry of Finance, New Delhi: GOI.
Government of Karnataka (1990), Industrial Policy 1990, Department of Industries and Commerce, Bengaluru: GOK.
Government of Karnataka (1993), Industrial Policy 1993, Department of Industries and Commerce, Bengaluru: GOK.
Government of Karnataka (2003), Export Promotion Policy 2002–2007, Bengaluru: GOK.
Government of Karnataka (2009), Annual Report 2008–09, Department of Industries and Commerce, Bengaluru: GOK.
Guillén, M.F. (2000) ‘Business Groups in Emerging Economies: A Resource-Based View’, The Academy of Management Journal, 43(3), pp. 362–380.
Hindu Business Line (2003), ‘Karnataka to Double Export Share’, January 25.
Hymer, S. H. (1960) The International Operations of National Firms: A Study of Direct Foreign Investment, Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Published in 1976 Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Johanson, J. and J-E. Vahlne (2006) ‘Commitment and Opportunity Development in the Internationalization Process: A Note on the Uppsala Internationalization Process Model’, Management International Review, 46 (2), pp. 165‒178.
Johansson, J. and F. Wiedersheim-Paul (1975) ‘The Internationalization of the Firm-four Swedish case’, Journal of Management Studies, 12 (3), pp. 305–322.
Johansson, J. and J-E. Vahlne (1977) ‘The Internationalization Process of the Firm: A Model of Knowledge Development and Increasing Foreign Market Commitments’, Journal of International Business Studies, 8(1), pp. 23–32.
Johansson, J. and J-E. Vahlne (1990) ‘The Mechanism of Internationalization’, International Marketing Review, 7(4), pp. 11–24.
Jovanovic, B. (1982), ‘Selection and the Evolution of Industry’, Econometrica, 50(3), pp. 649–670.
Khanna, T. and K. Palepu (2000), ‘The Future of Business Groups in Emerging Markets: Long Run Evidence from Chile’, Academy of Management Journal, 43(3), pp. 268–285.
Kim, L. (1980), ‘Stages of Development of Industrial Technology in a Developing Country: A Model’, Research Policy, 9(3), pp. 254−277.
Kindleberger, C. P. (1969) American Business Abroad, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Kumar, N. and J.P. Pradhan (2007) ‘Knowledge-based Exports from India: A Firm-level Analysis of Determinants’, in N. Kumar and K.J. Joseph (2007) (eds.) International Competitiveness & Knowledge-based Industries in India, pp.53–96, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Kumar, N. and N.S. Siddharthan (1994) ‘Technology, Firm Size and Export Behaviour in Developing Countries: The Case of Indian Enterprises’, The Journal of Development Studies, 31(2), pp. 289-309.
Lall, S. (1995), ‘The Creation of Comparative Advantage: The Role of Industrial Policy’, In I.U. Haque, M. Bell, C. Dahlman, S. Lall and K. Pavitt (Eds.), Trade, Technology, and International Competitiveness, EDI Development Studies, pp. 103−134, Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Lefebvre, E., and L.A. Lefebvre (2002), ‘Innovative Capabilities as Determinants of Export Performance and Behaviour: A longitudinal study of manufacturing SMEs’, in A. Kleinknecht and P. Mohnen (eds.), Innovation and Firm Performance: Econometric Explorations of Survey Data, pp. 281–309, London: Palgrave.
Nelson, R. R. (1987), ‘Innovation and Economic Development Theoretical Retrospect and Prospect’, In J. M. Katz (Ed.), Technology Generation in Latin American Manufacturing Industries, pp. 78–93, Hong Kong: The Macmillan Press.
Newbould, G., P.J. Buckley and J.C. Thurwell (1978) Going International: The Experience of Smaller Companies Overseas, London: Associated Business Press.
Penrose, E. T. (1959), The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, New York: Wiley.
Posner, M.V. (1961), ‘International Trade and Technical Change’, Oxford Economic Papers, 13(3), pp. 323–341. Powell, J.L. (1986), ‘Censored Regression Quantiles’, Journal of Econometrics, 32(1), pp. 143–155.
Pradhan, J.P. (2008), Indian Multinationals in the World Economy: Implications for Development, New Delhi: Bookwell Publisher.
Pradhan, J.P. (2011), ‘Regional Heterogeneity and Firms’ R&D in India’, Innovation and Development, 1(2), pp. 259–282.
Pradhan, J.P. and P.P. Sahu (2008), Transnationalization of Indian Pharmaceutical SMEs, New Delhi: Bookwell Publisher.
Roberts, M. and J. Tybout (1997), ‘The Decision to Export in Columbia: An Empirical Model of Entry with Sunk Costs’, American Economic Review, 87(4), pp. 545–564.
Roy, D. K. (1993), ‘Impact of Incentives on Export Performance of Bangladesh: A Preliminary Assessment’, Bangladesh Development Studies, 21(2), pp. 25–44.
Siddharthan, N.S. and S. Nollen (2004) ‘MNE Affiliation, Firm Size and Exports Revisited: A Study of Information Technology Firms in India’, Journal of Development Studies, 40 (6), pp. 146–168.
Singh, N. (2006) ‘R&D, Imports of Technology and Trade Intensities: A Simultaneous Equation Micro-level Examination’, in S. Tendulkar, A. Mitra, K. Narayanan and D. Das (eds.) India: Industrialization in a Reforming Economy–Essays for K L Krishna, pp. 471–491, New Delhi: Academic Foundation.
Soete, L.L.G. (1981) ‘A general Test of the Technological Gap Trade Theory’, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 117(4), pp. 638–660.
Sterlacchini, A. (2001), ‘The Determinants of Export Performance: A Firm-Level Study of Italian Manufacturing’ Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 137(3), pp .450–472.
Teitel, S. (1987), ‘Towards an Understanding of Technical Change in Semi-Industrialized Countries’, In Katz, J. M. (Ed.), Technology Generation in Latin American Manufacturing Industries, pp. 94–115, Hong Kong: The Macmillan Press.
UNCTAD (1999), World Investment Report 1999: Foreign Direct Investment and the Challenge of Development, New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTAD (2001), World Investment Report 2001: Promoting Linkages, New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTAD (2002), World Investment Report 2002: Transnational Corporations and Export Competitiveness, New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTC (1984), Costs and Conditions of Technology Transfer through Transnational Corporations, ESCAP/UNCTC Publication Series B, No. 3, Bangkok: United Nations.
Vernon, R. (1966), ‘International Investment and International Trade in the Product Cycle’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 88(2), pp.190–207.
Wakelin, K. (1998), ‘Innovation and Export Behaviour at the Firm Level’, Research Policy, 26 (7–8), pp. 829–841.
Wilhelm, M. O. (2008), ‘Practical Considerations for Choosing Between Tobit and SCLS or CLAD Estimators for Censored Regression Models with an Application to Charitable Giving’, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 70 (4), pp. 559–582.
Wu, Y., D. Fu, and Y. Tang (2010), ‘The effects of ownership structure and industry characteristics on export performance: Evidence from Chinese manufacturing firms’, Economics Discussion Paper, No. 10-09, Department of Economics, Crawley: The University of Western Australia.
Yang, C.H., J.R Chen and W.B. Chuang (2004) ‘Technology and Export Decision’, Small Business Economics, 22(5), pp. 349–64.