Fosgerau, Mogens and de Palma, André (2012): Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck. Published in: Journal of Urban Economics , Vol. 71, (2012): pp. 269-277.
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We consider dynamic congestion in an urban setting where trip origins are spatially distributed. All travelers must pass through a downtown bottleneck in order to reach their destination in the CBD. Each traveler chooses departure time to maximize general concave scheduling utility. We find that, at equilibrium, travelers sort according to their distance to the destination; the queue is always unimodal regardless of the spatial distribution of trip origins. We construct a welfare maximizing tolling regime, which eliminates congestion. All travelers located beyond a critical distance from the CBD gain from tolling, even when toll revenues are not redistributed, while nearby travelers lose. We discuss our results in the context of acceptability of tolling policies.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck|
|Keywords:||Dynamic model; Toll policy; Spatial differentiation; Acceptability|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D11 - Consumer Economics: Theory
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R4 - Transportation Systems > R41 - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R14 - Land Use Patterns
|Depositing User:||Mogens Fosgerau|
|Date Deposited:||30. Oct 2012 18:57|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 07:38|
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