Böckerman, Petri (2002): Perception of job instability in Europe.
Download (110kB) | Preview
The perception of job instability is an important measure of subjective well-being of individuals, because most people derive their income from selling their labour services. The study explores the determination of perception of job instability in Europe. The study is based on a large-scale survey from the year 1998. There are evidently large differences in the amount of perceived job instability from country to country. The lowest level of perceived job instability is in Denmark (9%). In contrast, the highest level of perceived job instability is in Spain (63%). Perceived job instability increases with age and an earlier unemployment episode. An increase in educational level, on the other hand, leads to a decline in the perception of job instability. In addition, a temporary contract as such does not yield an additional increase to the perception of job instability. The perception of job instability is more common within manufacturing industries and there is some evidence for the view that it increases according to the size of the firm.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||Labour Institute for Economic Research|
|Original Title:||Perception of job instability in Europe|
|Keywords:||job instability; job insecurity; unemployment; Europe|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J63 - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - General > J01 - Labor Economics: General
|Depositing User:||Petri Böckerman|
|Date Deposited:||04. Sep 2007|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 05:05|
Aaronson, D. and D.G. Sullivan: 1998, ’The decline in job security in the 1990s: displacement, anxiety, and their effect on wage growth’, Federal Bank of Chicago, Economic Perspectives 22, pp. 17-43.
Agell, J.: 1999, ‘On the benefits from rigid labour markets: Norms, market failures, and social insurance’, The Economic Journal 109, pp. F143-F164.
Alesina, A., E. Glaeser and B. Sacerdote: 2001, ’Why doesn’t the U.S. have a European style welfare system?’, Working Paper 8524 (National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge MA).
Arulampalam, W., P. Gregg and M. Gregory: 2001, ’Unemployment scarring’, The Economic Journal 111, pp. F577-F584.
Bell, D., R.E. Wright and R.A. Hart: 1997, Multiple job holding as a ’hedge’ against unemployment, Discussion Paper 1626 (Centre for Economic Policy Research, London).
Bertola, G.: 1992, ’Labour turnover costs and average labour demand’, Journal of Labour Economics 10, pp. 389-411.
Blanchflower, D. G. and A.J. Oswald: 1999, Well-being, insecurity and the decline in American job satisfaction, Unpublished paper (Department of Economics, University of Warwick).
Burda, M. and C. Wyplosz: 1994, ’Gross worker and job flows in Europe’, European Economic Review 38: 1287-1315.
Charles, K.K. and M. Stephens: 2001, Job displacement, disability and divorce, Working Paper 8578 (National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge MA).
Clark, A.E.: 1997, ’Job satisfaction and gender’, Labour Economics 4, pp. 341-372.
Davis, S.J. and J. Haltiwanger: 1999, ’Gross job flows’, in O. Ashenfelter and D. Card (eds.), Handbook of Labour Economics, Vol. 3C (North-Holland, Amsterdam), pp. 2711-2805.
Davis, S.J. and P. Willen: 1999, Using financial assets to hedge labor income risks: Estimating the benefits, Unpublished paper. (Department of Economics, University of Chicago).
Di Tella R., R.J. MacCulloch and A.J. Oswald: 2001, ’Preferences over inflation and unemployment: Evidence from survey of happiness’, The American Economic Review 91, pp. 335-341.
Domenighetti, G., B. D’Avanzo and B. Bisig: 2000, ’Health effects of job insecurity among employees in the Swiss general population’, International Journal of Health Services 30, pp. 477-490.
Dominitz, J. and C.F. Manski: 1996, Perceptions of economic insecurity: Evidence from the survey of economic expectations, Discussion Paper 1105-96 (Institute for Research on Poverty, The University of Wisconsin-Madison).
Dominitz, J. and C.F. Manski: 1997, ’Perceptions of economic insecurity’, Public Opinion Quarterly 61, pp. 261-287.
Eurostat: 2000, Eurostat Yearbook. A Statistical Eye on Europe. Data 1988-1998 (European Commission, Brussel).
Farber, H.S.: 1999, ’Mobility and stability: The dynamics of job change in labor markets’, in O. Ashenfelter and D. Card (eds.), Handbook of Labour Economics, Vol. 3C (North-Holland, Amsterdam), pp. 2439-2483.
Garibaldi, P.: 1998, ’Job flow dynamics and firing restrictions’, European Economic Review 42, pp. 245-275.
Garibaldi, P., J. Konings and C. Pissarides: 1997, ’Gross job reallocation and labour market policy’, in D.J. Snower and G. de la Dehesa G. (eds.), Unemployment Policy: Government Options for the Labour Market (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge), pp. 467-498.
Gibbons, R. and L. F. Katz: 1991, ’Layoffs and lemons’, Journal of Labour Economics 4, pp. 351-380.
Givord, P. and E. Maurin: 2001, Changes in job stability and their causes: An empirical analysis method applied to France, 1982-2000, Unpublished (INSEE, Paris).
Gottschalk, P. and R. Moffitt: 1998, Job instability and insecurity for males and females in the 1980s and 1990s, Working Papers in Economics 408 (Department of Economics, Boston College).
Green, F., A. Felstead and B. Burchell: 2000, ’Job insecurity and the difficulty of regaining employment: An empirical study of unemployment expectations’, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 62, pp. 857-885.
Green, F., D. Campbell, A. Carruth, and A. Dickerson: 2001, An analysis of subjective views of job insecurity, Working Paper 08/01 (University of Kent at Canterbury).
Hall, R.E.: 1995, ’Lost jobs’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1, pp. 221-256.
Horowitz, J.L. and N.E. Savin: 2001, ’Binary response models: Logits, probits and semiparametrics’, Journal of Economic Perspectives 15, pp. 43-56.
Houseman S.N.: 1998, ’Why employers use flexible staffing arrangements: Evidence from an establishment survey, Working Papers 01-67 (W.E. Upjohn Institute, Michigan).
Infratest Burke Sozialforschung: 1999a, Employment options of the future. Representative survey in all 15 member states and in Norway – documentation of questionnaires. Volume 1-2, (IBS, Munich).
Infratest Burke Sozialforschung: 1999b, Employment options of the future. Representative survey in all 15 member states and in Norway. Additional cross-tabulations – Volume A-B, (IBS, Munich).
Infratest Burke Sozialforschung: 1999c, Employment options of the future. Representative survey in all 15 member states and in Norway. Field report and cross-Tabulations, (IBS, Munich).
Infratest Burke Sozialforschung: 1999d, Employment options of the future: High demand for new jobs in Europe – high interest in non-standard work-forms. First results from a representative survey in all 15 member states and in Norway, (IBS, Munich).
Keyssar, A.: 1986, Out of Work: The First Century of Unemployment in Massachusetts (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).
Kletzer, L.G.: 1998, ’Job displacement’, Journal of Economic Perspectives 12, pp. 115-136.
Kuhn, P. 2001, ’Summary and Synthesis’, in P. Kuhn P. (ed.), Losing Work, Moving On: Worker Displacement in an International Perspective, (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, Michigan), pp. 1-72.
Lupi, C. and P. Ordine: 2002, ’Unemployment scarring in high unemployment regions’, Economics Bulletin 10, pp. 1-8.
Manski, C.F. and J.D. Straub: 2000, ’Worker perceptions of job insecurity in the mid-1990s. Evidence from the survey of economic expectations’, The Journal of Human Resources 35, pp. 447-479.
Neumark, D., D. Polsky and D. Hansen: 1999, ’Has job stability declined yet? New evidence for the 1990s’, Journal of Labor Economics 17, pp. S29-S64.
Nickell S. and R. Layard: 1999, ’Labor market institutions and economic performance’, in O. Ashenfelter and D. Card (eds.), Handbook of Labour Economics, Vol. 3C (North-Holland, Amsterdam), pp. 3029-3084.
Nickell, S., T. Jones and G. Quintini: 2002, ’A picture of job insecurity facing British men’, The Economic Journal 112, pp. 1-27.
OECD: 1997, Employment Outlook, (OECD, Paris).
OECD: 1998, Benefit Systems and Work Incentives, (OECD, Paris).
OECD: 1999, OECD Economic Outlook, (OECD, Paris).
Ruhm, C.: 1991, ’Are workers permanently scarred by job displacements?’, The American Economic Review 81, pp. 319-324.
Ryan, P.: 2001, ’The school-to-work transition: Cross-country perspective’, Journal of Economic Literature 39, pp. 34-92.
Salvanes, K.G.: 1997, ’Market rigidities and labour market flexibility: An international comparison’, Scandinavian Journal of Economics 99, pp. 315-333.
Schmidt, S.R.: 1999, ’Long-run trends in workers’ beliefs about their own job security: Evidence from the general social survey’, Journal of Labor Economics 17, pp. S127-S141.
Tversky, A. and D. Kahneman: 1982, ’Chapter one’, in A. Tversky A. and D. Kahneman (eds.), Judgement and Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge), pp. 1-27.
Van Praag, B.M.S., P. Frijters and A. Ferrer-i-Carbonell: 2001, The anatomy of subjective well-being, Discussion Paper 265 (DIW, Berlin).