Syed, Jawad (2006): Older workers in Australia: A policy perspective. Published in: Journal of Economic and Social Policy , Vol. 11, No. 1 (2006): pp. 21-43.
Download (177kB) | Preview
The paper seeks to offer an objective assessment of Australian attitudes towards ageing and age discrimination, through an examination of the literature, the laws, and the current perspectives on workforce ageing. First, the paper offers an overview of demographic ageing and its possible implications for organisations and the overall society, which is then followed by an examination of older workers' issues from legal, sociopolitical, and employment perspectives. The analysis highlights that ageing policy in Australia is increasingly influenced by an orientation towards economic rationalism, which does not adequately address the social construct of ageing and its implications for older workers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Older workers in Australia: A policy perspective|
|Keywords:||Ageing; Australia, diversity; older workers; social policy|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J26 - Retirement; Retirement Policies
|Depositing User:||Jawad Syed|
|Date Deposited:||25. Apr 2008 16:03|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 08:48|
Age discrimination commonplace, 2003, Human Resources, Issue 51, p. 1.
Age Limits: age-related discrimination in employment, 2001, The Victorian, South Australian and Western Australian Equal Opportunity Commissions and the Australian Employers Convention, March 2001, p. 23.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics), 1999, Australian Social Trends 1999, Population: Population Projections – Our Ageing Population, Available at: <www.abs.gov.au>, Accessed 20 September 2005.
-------- 2002, Persons Not in the Labour Force Survey, ABS cat. no. 6220.0.
-------- 2003, Mature Age Workers: Sustaining Our Future Labour Force, Available at: <www.abs.gov.au> Accessed 20 January 2004.
-------- 2004, Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories, cat. no. 3201.0.
ACTU (Australian Council of Trade Unions), 2003, Melbourne Congress 2003, Available at: <www.actu.asn.au/congress2003> Accessed 15 February 2005.
ALP (Australian Labor Party), 2004, National Platform and Constitution, Chapter 4, Available at: <www.alp.org.au/platform/chapter_04.php> Accessed 20 January 2005.
ARPA (Australian Retired Persons Association), 2004, Summary of ARPA Over 50's Association Election Priorities, Available at: <www.over50s.asn.au/> Accessed 20 February 2005.
Bennington, L. & Wein, R. 2000, 'Anti-discrimination Legislation in Australia: Fair, Effective, Efficient or Irrelevant', International Journal of Manpower, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 21-33.
Bishop, J. 2003, 'Keeping Older Workers in Work', Address to the Economic and Social Outlook Conference, 14 November, Melbourne, Australian Department of Health and Ageing, Available at: <www.health.gov.au/mediarel/yr2003/jb/ jbsp141103.htm> Accessed 20 January 2004.
Bourke, J. 2004, 'Getting Serious About Diversity: Best Practices', in Making the Link: Affirmative Action and Employment Relations, (eds), E. Davis, & V. Pratt, pp. 15-18, CCH Australia Ltd, Sydney.
Castles, F. 1994, 'The Wage Earners Welfare State Revisited', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 29, no.2, pp. 120-145.
Clare, R. & Tupule, A. 1994, 'Australia's Ageing Society', Economic Planning Advisory Council Background, Paper no. 37, AGPS, Canberra.
Collyer, F. 2003, 'Theorising Privatisation: Policy, Network Analysis and Class', Electronic Journal of Sociology, vol. 7, no. 3, Available at: <www.sociology.org/content/vol7.3> Accessed 5 August 2005.
COTA (Council on the Ageing Australia), 1998, Election Inventory of Major Political Party Policies, Available at: <www.cota.org.au/election.htm> Accessed 25 February 2005.
-------- 2004, Introduction to COTA National Seniors Partnership, Available at: <www.cota.org.au/about/aboutcot.htm>, Accessed 10 September 2005.
De Cieri, H. & Kramar, R. 2003, Human Resource Management in Australia, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
DOT (Department of the Treasury), 2002, Intergenerational Report 2002-2003, Budget Paper No 5, 14 May 2002.
Drabsch, T. 2004, 'Ageing in Australia', Briefing Paper no. 12/04, September, NSW Parliamentary Library Research Service.
DPL (Drake Personnel Limited), 1999, 'Age Discrimination is Alive and Well', Submission to the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Employment, Education and Workplace Relations Inquiry into Issues Specific to Workers over 45 years, Available at: <www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/eewr/> Accessed 20 June 2004.
Eardley, T., Abello, D., & MacDonald, H. 2000, 'Is the Job Network Benefiting Disadvantaged Job Seekers? Preliminary Evidence from a Study of Non-Profit Employment Services', The Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW.
Encel, S. 1997, 'Work in Later Life', in Ageing and Social Policy in Australia, (eds), A. Borowski, S. Encel, & E. Ozanne, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Encel, S. 2003, 'Age Can Work: The Case for Older Australians Staying in the Workforce', A Report to the Australian Council of Trade Unions and the Business Council of Australia, Social Policy Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, April 2003.
Encel, S. 2004, 'Age Discrimination in Law and Practice', Elder Law Review, vol. 3, pp. 1-14.
Fishy memories on ageing workforce crisis 2003, Human Resources, Issue 40, pp. 10-11.
HREOC (Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission), 2000, Age Matters: A Report on Age Discrimination, HREOC, May 2000, p. 13.
-------- 2004, 'Human Rights Commission Welcomes Age Discrimination Laws', Media Release, 17 June 2004.
Jackson, N. 1999, 'Understanding Population Ageing', Paper presented to Department of Family and Community Services Seminar, Canberra.
Kerley, B. 1994, 'The End of Provincialism?: Social Policy and the Anti Discrimination Provisions of the Industrial Relations Reform Act', Proceedings of the XVIth Conference of the H.R. Nicholls Society, The St Kilda Road Travelodge, 2-3 December 1994.
Kramar, R. 2004, 'Does Australia Really Have Diversity Management?', in Making the Link: Affirmative Action and Employment Relations, (eds), E. Davis, & V. Pratt, pp. 19-26, CCH Australia Ltd., Sydney.
Labor tackles ageing workforce, Human Resources, Issue 61, 28 July 2004, p. 1.
LaborNet, 2004, 'Mature Worker Commitment Welcome', 8 July 2004, Available at: <http://labor.net.au/news/1089267032_15639.html> Accessed 10 April 2006.
Lansbury, R. 2004a, 'Work, People and Globalisation: Towards A New Social Contract for Australia, Kingsley Laffer Memorial Lecture', The Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 102-115.
Lansbury, R. 2004b, 'Broadening the Horizons of HRM: Lessons for Australia from the Experience of the United States', Working Paper WPC 00014, Work and Organisation Studies, University of Sydney.
LPA (Liberal Party of Australia), 2004, 'A Stronger Economy, A Stronger Australia', Available at: <www.liberal.org.au> Accessed 26 February 2005.
Lloyd-Sherlock, P. 2002, 'Social Policy and Population Ageing: Challenges for North and South', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 31, pp. 754-757.
Markey, R., 1988, The Making of the Labor Party in New South Wales 1880-1900, NSW Uni Press, Sydney.
McQueen, H., 1975, The State Labour Parties in Australia 1880-1920: Victoria, Labor in Politics, the State Labor Parties in Australia, 1880-1920, (ed.), D.J. Murphy, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia.
Mendes, P. 2003, Australia's Welfare Wars: the Players, the Politics and the Ideologies, UNSW Press, Sydney.
Murray, P. & Syed, J. 2005, 'Critical Issues in Managing Age Diversity in Australia', Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 210-224.
Norgard, JD. 1977, Review of the Commonwealth Employment Service, AGPS, Canberra.
O'Sullivan, J., & Sheridan, A. 1999, 'Ms representations: Women, Management and Popular Culture', Women in Management Review, vol. 14, no.1, pp. 14-21.
Older workers opt for early retirement? 2003, Human Resources, Issue 44, p. 26.
Perry, J & Freeland, J. 2001, 'Too Young to Go: Mature Age Unemployment and Early Retirement in NSW Implications for Policy and Practice', NSW Committee of Ageing, Sydney. Pickering, P. 2005, Australian National University, Email to author, 3 April.
PC (Productivity Commission), 2004, Economic Implications of an Ageing Australia, Draft Research Report, Productivity Commission, Canberra.
OECD 2005, 'Ageing and Employment Policies: Country Report Australia', June 2005, Available at: <www.oecd.org> Accessed 6 May 2006.
Roe, J. 2005, Email to author, 3 April.
Saunders, P. 1996, 'Dawning of a New Age? The Extent, Causes and Consequences of Ageing in Australia', Discussion Paper no. 75, Social Policy Research Centre, Sydney.
Sheen, V. 2001, 'Challenging Convention: Australia's Ageing Workforce - the Challenge for Human Resource Management', Council on the Ageing (Australia) Presentation to Australian Human Resources Institute Conference, Melbourne Convention Centre, 22 May, Available at: <www.cota.org.au/ahrispeech.htm> Accessed 20 January 2005.
Sidoti, C. 2000, Speech by Human Rights Commissioner, Launch of Age Matters, Melbourne, 18 July, Available at: <www.hreoc.gov.au/speeches/human_rights/ launch_age_matters.html> Accessed 15 February 2005.
Snape, E. & Redman, T. 2003, 'Too Old or Too Young? The Impact of Perceived Age Discrimination', Human Resource Management Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 780-789.
Syed, J. 2006, 'The Ageing Workforce: Australian Policies in Historical Context', International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations, (forthcoming).
Syed, J. & Ali, F. 2005, 'Redesigning Skill Policy for an Ageing Australia', Conference proceedings of The Third International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities, Cambridge University, 2-5 August.
World Bank 1994, Averting the Old Age Crisis, Policies to Protect the Old and Promote Growth, Oxford University Press, Oxford.