Kohnert, Dirk (2008): EU-African Economic Relations: Continuing Dominance, Traded for Aid?
Download (144kB) | Preview
Promising growth rates, increased trade, and competition among major global players for African resources have boosted the development and bargaining power of sub-Saharan Af-rica (SSA) in relation to the EU. However, Africa's least developed countries remain vulner-able to external shocks. Academic analysis is still too heavily influenced by scholastic con-troversies. Neither the controversy over “big-push” concepts nor the blaming of African cul-ture as an impediment to growth or good government do justice to the real issues at stake. Even beyond the aftermath of (neo)colonialism, and notwithstanding continuing deficits in good government in many African countries, the EU bears responsibility for the fragile state of many African economies. The self-interested trade policies of the EU and other world powers contribute to poverty and unsatisfactory development in SSA. This threatens to per-petuate asymmetrical power relations in the new Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), to the detriment of regional integration and pro-poor growth. However, mounting competi-tion between China and other global players for Africa's resources is resulting in windfall profits for Africa. The latter is leading to a revival of seesaw politics, already known from the times of the Cold War, on the part of African states. This could be profitable for Africa's power elite, but not necessarily for Africa's poor.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||EU-African Economic Relations: Continuing Dominance, Traded for Aid?|
|Keywords:||economic integration;trade policy;aid;international migration; regional integration;EU;Africa;China|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
P - Economic Systems > P4 - Other Economic Systems > P45 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations and International Political Economy > F59 - Other
F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > F42 - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
N - Economic History > N4 - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation > N47 - Africa; Oceania
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F24 - Remittances
|Depositing User:||Dirk Kohnert|
|Date Deposited:||04. Jul 2008 04:36|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 15:17|
Abrahamsen, Rita (2004): The power of partnerships in global governance, in: Third World Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 8, pp. 1453-1467.
Anderson, Kym / Martin, Will / Mensbrugghe, Dominique van der (2005): Would multilat-eral trade reform benefit sub-Sahara Africans?, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 3616, Washington D.C.: World Bank.
Baffes, John (2005): The Cotton Problem, in: World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 109-144.
Berg, Andrew / Drummond, Paulo (2008): Regional Economic Outlook Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund (IMF), African Department.
Bigsten, Arne / Shimeles, Abebe (2007): Can Africa Reduce Poverty by Half by 2015?, in: De-velopment Policy Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 147-166.
Bilal, Sanoussi / Rampa, Francesco (2007): Alternative (to) EPAs: Possible scenarios for the future ACP trade relations with the EU, Policy Management Report, No.11, Maastricht: European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM ).
Blume, Georg (2008): Chinas McKinsey in Afrika, in: Die Tageszeitung (taz-mag), 12 April, pp. 1-3.
Borrmann, Axel / Busse, Matthias / de la Rocha, Manuel (2007): Consequences of Economic- Partnership Agreements between East and Southern African countries and the EU for inter- and intra-regional integration, HWWI Research Paper, No. 2-8, Hamburg: Ham-burgisches WeltWirtschaftsInstitut (HWWI).
Borrmann, Axel, Busse, Matthias(2006): The institutional challenge of the ACP/EU Economic Partnership Agreements, HWWI Research Paper, No. 2-3, Hamburg: Hamburgisches Weltwirtschaftsinstitut (HWWI).
Broadman, Harry G. (2006): Africa’s Silk Road. China and India’s New Economic Frontier. Washington D.C.: World Bank.
Brown, William (2000): Restructuring north-south relations: ACP-EU development co-operation in a liberal international order, in: Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 27, No. 85, pp. 367-383.
Busse, Matthias / Groizard, José L. (2007): Does Africa really benefit from trade?, in: Econom-ics Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp.1-6.
Collier, Paul (2006): African growth: Why a ‘big Push’? in: Journal of African Economies, Vol. 15, No. 2,: pp. 188-211.
ECA (2006): Assessing regional integration in Africa II: rationalizing regional economic communities. Addis Ababa: United Nations Publications, Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA).
Easterly, William (2006): Reliving the 1950s: the big push, poverty traps, and takeoffs in eco-nomic development, in: Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 289-318.
Easterly, William / Levine, Ross (1997): Africa’s Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divi-sions, in: The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 112, No. 4: , pp. 1203-1250.
EU (2007): From Cairo to Lisbon – The EU-Africa Strategic Partnership. Brussels: Commis-sion of the European Communities, 27 June, COM (2007) 357 final.
EUC (2006): The EU and Africa: Towards a strategic partnership. Vol. 1, 34th Report of Ses-sion 2005-06, London: Council of the European Union.
Faber, Gerrit / Orbie, Jan (eds.) (2007): European Union trade politics and development: Eve-rything But Arms unravelled. New York: Routledge.
Gebre-Egziabher, Tegegne (2007): Impacts of Chinese imports and coping strategies of local producers: the case of small-scale footwear enterprises in Ethiopia, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 45, No. 4,: pp. 647-679.
Gibb, Richard (2000): Post-Lomé: the European Union and the South, in: Third World Quar-terly, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 457-481.
Gillson, Ian et al. (2004): Understanding the impact of Cotton Subsidies on developing coun-tries, ODI-Working Paper, London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
Goodison, Paul (2007): The future of Africa’s trade with Europe: ‘New’ EU trade policy, in: Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 34, No. 111, pp. 139-151.
Grimm, Sven (2006): African-European relations, in: Mehler, Andreas / Melber , Henning/ Walraaven, Klaas van (eds.): African Yearbook 2006, Leiden: Brill, pp. 17-27.
Grimm, Sven (2007): The EU-Africa Strategy: Where we stand, in: Klingebiel, Stefan (ed.): Africa Agenda for 2007: Suggestions for the German G8 and EU Council Presidencies, Discussion Paper No. 4, Bonn: German Development Institute, pp. 81-85.
Groth, Annette (2006): Armutsverschärfung durch die Regionalen Wirtschafts-Partnerschaftsabkommen der EU, in: iz3w, Nov./Dec., pp. 297-98.
Haas, Hein de (2006): Turning the tide? Why ‘development instead of migration’ policies are bound to fail, IMI Working Papers 2006, No. 2, Oxford: International Migration Institute (IMI), University of Oxford.
Haas, Hein de (2005): International migration, remittances and development: myths and facts, in: Third World Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 8, pp. 1269-1284.
Hinkle, Lawrence E. / Newfarmer, Richard S. (2005): Risks and rewards of regional trading arrangements in Africa: Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) Between the EU and SSA, World Bank: mimeo.
Hugon, Philippe (2007): La politique économique de la France en Afrique: La fin des rentes coloniales?, in: Politique Africaine, No. 105, pp. 54-69.
Hurt, Stephen R. (2003): Co-operation and coercion? The Cotonou Agreement between the European Union and ACP states and the end of the Lomé Convention, in: Third World Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 161-176.
IMF (2008): Regional Economic Outlook – Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington D.C.: Interna-tional Monetary Fund (IMF), World Economic and Financial Surveys.
IMF (2007): Regional Economic Outlook – Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington D.C.: Interna-tional Monetary Fund (IMF), World Economic and Financial Surveys.
IMF (2007a): The IMF and aid to Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington D.C.: Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) of the IMF.
IOM (2005): World Migration 2005. Section 1: Regional overview – Selected geographic re-gions – Africa and the Middle East. Paris: International Organization for Migration, No. 882, 22 June.
Kanbur, Ravi (2004): The African peer review mechanism (APRM): an assessment of concept and design., in: Politikon, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 157-166.
Kaplinsky, Raphael (2008): China and the terms of trade: The challenge to development strategy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Unpublished paper prepared for Rise of China – Global opportunities and challenges conference, Mount Holyoke.
Kaplinsky, Raphael / Morris, Mike (2007): Do the Asian drives undermine export-oriented industrialization in SSA?, in: World Development, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 254-273.
Kebonang, Z. (2007): Generosity undermined: the Cotonou Agreement and the African Growth and Opportunity Act, in: Development in Practice, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 98-103.
Kernen, Antoine (2007): Les stratégies chinoises en Afrique: Du pétrole aux bassines en plas-tique, in: Politique Africaine, No. 105, pp. 163-180.
Kohnert, Dirk (2007): African Migration to Europe: Obscured Responsibilities and Common Misconceptions. GIGA-Working Paper, No. 49, Hamburg: German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA).
Kohnert, Dirk (2005): Monetary Unions – Dominated by the North? The CFA-Zone and the CMA – On the relevance of rational economic reasoning under African conditions. in: Fritz, Barbara / Metzger, Martina (eds.): New Issues in Regional Monetary Coordination – Understanding North-South and South-South Arrangements. Houndmills, Basing-stoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 177-187.
Kohnert, Dirk (2005a): Die UEMOA und die CFA-Zone. Eine neue Kooperations-Kultur im frankophonen Afrika?, in: Nabers, Dirk / Ufen, Andreas (eds.) (2005): Regionale Integra-tion – Neue Dynamiken in Afrika, Asien und Lateinamerika, Schriften des Deutschen Übersee-Instituts, No. 65, pp. 115-136.
Laryea, Guggi (ed.) et al. (2004): New ACP-EU trade arrangements: New barriers to eradi-cating poverty?, Brussels: EUROSTEP.
Lee, Margaret C. (2004): The US and EU: Undermining regional economic integration in Af-rica, in: News from the Nordic Africa Institute, No. 3, pp. 5-8.
Martin, Philip L. / Taylor, J. Edward(1996): The anatomy of a migration hump, in: Taylor, J. Edward (ed.): Development strategy, employment, and migration: Insights from mod-els. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), pp. 43-62.
Meagher, Kate (2007): Manufacturing disorder: Liberalization, informal enterprise and eco-nomic ‘ungovernance’ in African small firm clusters, in: Development and Change, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 473-503.
Meagher, K. (2006): Cultural primordialism and the post-structuralist imaginaire: Plus ça change …, Review article in: Africa, Vol. 76, No. 4, pp. 590-97.
Melber, Henning (ed.) (2006a): AU, NEPAD and the APRM: democratisation efforts ex-plored. Current African Issues, No. 32, Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute.
Melber, Henning (2006): The EU and regional integration in Africa – A critical appraisal of the Economic Partnership Agreements, in: Brüntrup, M. / Melber, H. / Taylor, I. (eds.): Africa, regional cooperation and the world market. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute, pp. 40-51.
Mohan, G. / Kale, D. (2007): The invisible hand of South-South globalization. A comparative analysis of Chinese migrants in Africa. Unpublished report for the Rockefeller Founda-tion, : http://asiandrivers.open.ac.uk, accessed on 20 May 2008.
North, Douglass C. (1990): Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
OECD (2008): African Economic Outlook 2008. Paris: OECD Development Centre / African Development Bank.
Olsen, Gorm R. (1997): Western Europe's relations with Africa since the end of the Cold War, in: Journal of Modern African studies, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 299-319.
Oxfam (2006): Unequal partners: How EU – ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) could harm the development prospects of many of the world’s poorest countries. Lon-don: Oxfam.
Rao, Vijayendra and Michael Walton (eds.) (2003): Culture and Public Action. Stanford, Stanford University Press.
Reisen, Helmut / Ndoye, Sokhna (2008): Prudent versus Imprudent Lending to Africa: From Debt Relief to Emerging Lenders, OECD Working Paper, No. 268, Paris: OECD Devel-opment Centre.
Sachs, Jeffrey (2005): The end of poverty: Economic possibilities for our time. New York: Penguin.
Scott, James C. (1998): Seeing like a state. How certain schemes to improve the human condi-tion have failed. New Haven and London, Yale University Press.
Sen, Amartya (2002): How does culture matter? Paper, Conference on Culture and Public Action, Washington D.C.: World Bank, April 2002; republished in: Rao, Vijayendra / Mi-chael Walton (eds.) (2004): Culture and Public Action. Stanford, Stanford University Press, pp. 37-58.
Stevens, Christopher et al. (2008): The new EPAs: comparative analysis of their content and the challenges for 2008. London/Maastricht: ODI & ECDPM.
Stevens, Christopher (2007): Economic partnership agreements: What happens in 2008?, ODI-Briefing Paper, No. 23, June, London: Overseas Development Institute.
Stevens, Christopher (2006): The EU, Africa and Economic Partnership Agreements: unin-tended consequences of policy leverage, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 441-458.
Stevens, Christopher (2006a): Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs): Where we are, ODI-Briefing Paper, No. 4, June, London: Overseas Development Institute, in: www.odi.org.uk/publications/briefing/bp_june06_epa_bp1.pdf (accessed on 3 July 2007).
Storey, Andy (2006): Normative power Europe? Economic Partnership Agreements and Af-rica, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 331-346.
Sylvanus, Nina (2008): Chinese Devils, the Global Market and the Declining Power of Togo’s Commodity Queens, forthcoming in: Politique Africaine No. 109, June.
Umbach, Frank (2007): China's Energy and Raw Material Diplomacy and the Implications for the EU-China Relations, in: China aktuell. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, No. 1, pp. 39-56.
UN (2007): World Economic Situation and Prospects 2007. Midyear Update. New York: United Nations. UNCTAD (2007): Asian foreing direct investment in Africa: Towards a New Era of Coopera-tion among Developing Countries, UNCTAD Current Studies on FDI and Development No. 3, Paris: UNCTAD.
Wade, Abdoulaye (2008): Time fort he West to practise what it preaches, in: New African, March 2008, p. 20.
Wusheng Yu / Jensen, Trine Vig (2005): Tariff Preferences, WTO Negotiations and the LDCs: The Case of the 'Everything But Arms' Initiative, in: The World Economy, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 375-405.
Yang, Yongzheng / Gupta, Sanjeev (2007): Regional trade arrangements in Africa: Past per-formance and the way forward, in: African Development Review, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 399-431.
Zafar, Ali (2007): The Growing Relationship Between China and Sub-Saharan Africa: Macro-economic, Trade, Investment, and Aid Links, in: The World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 103-130.