Munich Personal RePEc Archive

On the inconsistency of the Breusch-Pagan test

Zaman, Asad (1995): On the inconsistency of the Breusch-Pagan test. Published in: Journal of Economic and Social Research , Vol. 1, No. 2 (2000): pp. 1-11.

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Abstract

The Breusch-Pagan Lagrange Multiplier test for heteroskedascity is supposedly able to detect heteroskedasticity which is an arbitrary function of some set of regressors. We will show that in fact it detects only linear functions. The test is inconsistent for general alternatives, in the sense that its power does not go to 1 as the sample size increases (and in fact, can be arbitrarily low). Since in fact the Breusch-Pagan test is essentially an F test in a special model, we also give necessary and sufficient conditions for the consistency of the F test under misspecification.

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