Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The legacy of Confucianism in gender inequality in Vietnam

Vu, Tien Manh and Yamada, Hiroyuki (2020): The legacy of Confucianism in gender inequality in Vietnam.

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Abstract

We quantified influences of Confucianism on gender inequality in present-day Vietnam. We used the number (or density) of the most successful test takers in the Vietnamese imperial examinations (1075–1919) in a given district as a proxy for mastering the subject of Confucianism. Using an instrumental variable approach, we considered possible impacts on sex ratio and educational attainment of women relative to men, based on test score and population census data. We found that Confucianism has a long lasting impact on gender inequality. However, the results also suggested that women tended to try harder, perhaps as a countermeasure against discrimination.

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