Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Determinazione di aree economiche per la valutazione dell’impatto sul sistema produttivo italiano delle misure di contrasto all’epidemia da Covid-19

Anitori, Paola and De Gregorio, Carlo and Reale, Alessandra and Sforzi, Fabio (2020): Determinazione di aree economiche per la valutazione dell’impatto sul sistema produttivo italiano delle misure di contrasto all’epidemia da Covid-19.

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Abstract

The paper proposes a new geography of nested economic areas that shape the Italian economy. These economic areas, named economic regions and economic macro-regions, are an upper tier integration of Local Labour Systems (LLS) obtained using a Community Detection algorithm called INFOMAP. This approachdetermines the optimal number of regions and the assignment of LLS to them, minimizing a function known as MAP Equation. In the paper, these economic areas are the unit of analysis for impact assessment on the Italian economy of control measures implemented by the government to counteract the epidemic from Covid-19. Moreover, if the purpose is to contain new epidemic hotbeds of Covid-19, these areas are the most suitable tool for doing so, because of their extremely high self-containment, much higher than that of LLSs. Finally, the paper suggests their utility for both epidemiological and socio-economic monitoring.

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