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Carbon Emissions and Mortality Rates: A Causal Analysis for India (1971-2010)

Sinha, Avik (2014): Carbon Emissions and Mortality Rates: A Causal Analysis for India (1971-2010). Published in: International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories , Vol. 4, No. 4 (2014): pp. 486-492.


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For any developing nation, industrialization and CO2 emission goes hand-in-hand. Industrialization affects the CO2 emission level and consequently the pregnancy outcomes and hygienic states of children. Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis ensures the interaction between income level and environmental degradation. Based on this foundation, causal relationships between industrialization, CO2 emission and mortality rates for India has been obtained in this paper. For empirical analysis, data for the parameters under consideration over the period 1971-2010 has been considered. Vector Error Correction model using lag-augmented VAR model has been employed for the analysis. Bidirectional causal associations have been found between changes in infant mortality rate and growth in CO2 emission, and between growth in gross capital formation and changes in child mortality rate, respectively. In both the cases, it has been found that growth in industrialization is causing rise in CO2 emission. The result obtained is new in the considering the existing body of literature.

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