Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Social Capital and Corporate Performance: Evidence from State Capital Enterprises in Vietnam

Ngo, Chin and Nguyen, Quyen Le Hoang Thuy To and Nguyen, Phong Thanh (2020): Social Capital and Corporate Performance: Evidence from State Capital Enterprises in Vietnam. Published in: Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business , Vol. 07, No. 06 (1 May 2020): pp. 409-416.


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The research has been conducted to explore the combination of three intangible resources, including social capital, entrepreneurship, and resilience capability on the performance of State Capital Enterprises (SCEs) in Vietnam. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches are applied in the study. An in-depth interview of ten CEOs at SCEs in Vietnam was made to explore new indicators for the contextual latent variables in the research models. By employing the data from the authors’ survey of 568 SCEs in Vietnam in 2019, using Cronbach’s alpha, confrmatory factor analysis (CFA) and path analysis (SEM), the mechanism that social capital impacts on SCE performance has been analyzed. In addition to the direct role, social capital indirectly affects corporate performance through entrepreneurship and resilience capability. It was found that social capital has a larger impact on entrepreneurship than resilience capacity. However, the contribution of resilience capacity to the frm performance is much more than the entrepreneurship’s in Vietnamese context. This study enriches the theory by proposing a measurement scale of the contextual latent variables as a result of in-depth interviews with experts using a qualitative analysis technique. In addition, the path analysis fndings suggest practical implications for managers to effectively use their resources in SCEs.

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