Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Economic damages from on-going climate change imply deeper near-term emission cuts

Schultes, Anselm and Piontek, Franziska and Soergel, Bjoern and Rogelj, Joeri and Baumstark, Lavinia and Kriegler, Elmar and Edenhofer, Ottmar and Luderer, Gunnar (2020): Economic damages from on-going climate change imply deeper near-term emission cuts.

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Abstract

Current analyses of pathways limiting global warming to well below 2°C, as called for in the Paris Agreement, do not consider the climate impacts already occurring below 2°C. Here we show that accounting for these damages significantly increases the near-term ambition of transformation pathways. We use econometric estimates of climate damages on GDP growth and explicitly model the uncertainty in the time that damages persist and in the climate sensitivity. We find that carbon prices in 2030 are higher compared to the case where only the 2°C is considered; the median value is $115 per tonne of CO2. The long-term persistence of damages, while highly uncertain, is a main driver of optimal near-term climate policy. Accounting for damages on economic growth increases the gap between the currently pledged nationally determined contributions and the welfare-optimal 2030 emissions for 2°C by two thirds, compared to pathways considering the 2°C limit only.

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