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Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Middle East and North African Countries (MENA)

Zolfaghari, Mehdi and Jariani, Farzaneh (2020): Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Middle East and North African Countries (MENA).

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The water, energy and food nexus approach was studied and assessed in this research in a period namely between 2009-2018 in the Middle East and North Africa countries and accordingly the results show that the nexus between water, food and energy have not been established in the Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) as the general perspective of sustainable development and providing the residents of the foregoing region with the food and generally speaking, the important variables do not give any logical and meaningful effect to the behavioural equations of water, energy and food in this region. Therefore, the population growth especially the urbanization one, the economic prosperity and the requirements thereof may cause a pressure increase on the water, energy, food, land and other natural resources and eventually such increase will bug and disrupt the food supply for the MENA region in the years to come and it can also lead to the aggravation and intensification of conflicts, tensions and wars and bellicosity. The most significant solution for establishing the balance and equilibrium among the population growth, urbanization growth and food supply and also the other effective factors in the MENA region is the establishment and assessment of the water, energy and food nexus and the integral and drastic management and then performing the appropriate strategies that such matter will never be possible except using the social capital (Civil participation and the participation of the entire social processes) and the economic quality (Equipping the economy for sustainable wealth creation and perfect employment) through the decentralized professional working groups which include the private sector applying the financial sponsorship and legal supports of the then government.

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