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The health of older adults in India: an empirical investigation into the perspective of social determinants of health

Thanvi, Jyoti and Bakshi, Sanjeev and Mishra, Shailendra Kumar and Pathak, Prasanta (2008): The health of older adults in India: an empirical investigation into the perspective of social determinants of health. Published in: IER JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND DEMOGRAPHY , Vol. 6, No. 2 (January 2021): pp. 15-30.

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Abstract

Health at older ages is more about chronic conditions and special care that these chronic conditions require. The present work is an investigation into the health of older adults in India from the perspective of Social Determinants of Health. For the purpose, health is defined in terms of the prevalence of selected chronic diseases. Pooled data from the 42nd and the 52nd rounds of the National Sample Survey has been utilized for the investigation. Associations of the prevalence of selected chronic diseases with various socioeconomic factors are explored utilizing the logistic regression models. The results are interpreted in terms of the odds ratios pertaining to the logistic regression models. The prevalence of chronic diseases are found to be associated with gender, marital status, financial independence, living arrangements and education of the older adults. Place of residence and economic affluence of the households are also found to be associated with the prevalence of selected chronic diseases. However, each of the selected chronic diseases has its distinct pattern of prevalence across a multitude of socioeconomic factors. The investigation supports the inclusion of Social Determinants of Health perspective into the health policy planning for older adults.

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