Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Socioeconomic Disparities in the Effects of Pollution on Spread of Covid-19: Evidence from US Counties

Allen, Osvalso and Brown, Ava and Wang, Ersong (2021): Socioeconomic Disparities in the Effects of Pollution on Spread of Covid-19: Evidence from US Counties. Published in: Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies , Vol. 12, No. 6(J) (9 February 2021): pp. 33-42.

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Abstract

This paper explores disparities in the effect of pollution on confirmed cases of Covid-19 based on counties’ socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Using data on all US counties on a daily basis over the year 2020 and applying a rich panel data fixed effect model, we document that: 1) there are discernible social and demographic disparities in the spread of Covid-19. Blacks, low educated, and poorer people are at higher risks of being infected by the new disease. 2) The criteria pollutants including Ozone, CO, PM10, and PM2.5 have the potential to accelerate the outbreak of the novel coronavirus. 3) The disadvantaged population is more vulnerable to the effects of pollution on the spread of coronavirus. Specifically, the effects of pollution on confirmed cases become larger for blacks, low educated, and counties with lower average wages in 2019.

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