De Paola, Maria (2008): Absenteeism and Peer Interaction Effects: Evidence from an Italian Public Institute.
Download (130kB) | Preview
Using microdata on a sample of about 350 workers, employed at an Italian public institute, we explain individual absence rates both considering variables that may be related to health conditions and to variables that may suggest shirking behaviour. Among these variables we especially focus our attention on the influence produced by the behaviour of randomly assigned peers. To handle reflection problems we use the proportion of females in the peer group as instrument of peer absence behaviour. From Two-Stage least square estimates it emerges that social and group interactions play an important role in shaping individual absence behaviour.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Absenteeism and Peer Interaction Effects: Evidence from an Italian Public Institute|
|English Title:||Absenteeism and Peer Interaction Effects: Evidence from an Italian Public Institute|
|Keywords:||Absenteeism, Shirking, Peer Effects|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J22 - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
M - Business Administration and Business Economics ; Marketing ; Accounting ; Personnel Economics > M5 - Personnel Economics > M50 - General
|Depositing User:||Maria De Paola|
|Date Deposited:||08. Nov 2008 15:08|
|Last Modified:||17. Feb 2013 08:00|
Arai M. and Thoursie P. (2005), Incentives and selection in cyclical absenteeism, Labour Economics, 12, pp. 269-280. Auditor General (1997), Get Better Soon: The Management of Sickness in the W. A. Public Sector: Office of the Auditor General, Perth. Banerjee A. and Duflo E. (2006), Addressing Absence, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20(1)-132 Bradley S., Green C. and Leeves G. (2007), Worker absence and shirking: Evidence from matched teacher-school data, Labour Economics, 14(3), pp. 319-334. Bramby, T. and Ercolani, M. and Treble J. (2002), Sickness absence: an international comparison, Economic Journal, 112, F315-F331. Bramby, T. and Stephan, G. (2000), Worker absenteeism: why firm size may matter, Manchester School, 68, pp. 568-577. Bramby, T., Orme, C. and Treble, J. (1995), Worker absence histories: a panel data study, Labour Economics, 2, pp. 53-65. Bramby, T., Sessions, J. and Treble, J. (1994), Absenteeism, efficiency wages and shirking, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 94, pp. 561-566. Bridges, S. and Mumford, K. (2001), Absenteeism in the UK: a comparison across genders, Manchester School, 69, pp. 276-284. Brown S. and Sessions J. (1996), The Economics of Absence: Theory and Evidence, Journal of Economic Surveys, 10(1), pp. 23-53. Case, A. and Katz, L. (1991), The Company You Keep: The Effects of Family and Neighborhood on Disadvantaged Youths, NBER Working Paper, n. w3705. Chatterji, M. and Tilley, C. (2002), Sickness, absenteeism, presenteeism and sick pat, Oxford Economic Papers, 54, pp. 669-687. Driver R. and Watson, C. (1989), Construct validity of voluntary and involuntary absence, Journal of Business and Psychology, 4, pp.109-118. Engellandt, A. and Riphahn, R. (2005), Temporary contracts and employee effort, Labour Economics, 12(3), pp. 281-299. Gaviria A. and Raphael S. (2001), School-Based Peer Effects and Juvenile Behavior, Review of Economics and Statistics, 83(2), pp. 257–268. Giacalone, D. (2008), Fannulloni d’Italia, Libero. Ichino, A. and Maggi, G. (2000), Worker environment and individual background: explaining regional shirking differentials in a large Italian firm, Quarterly Journal of Economics, pp. 1057-1090. Ichino, A. and Riphahn, R. (2005), The effect of employment protection on worker effort: a comparison of worker absenteeism during and after probation, Journal of European Economic Association, 2, pp. 120-143. Ichino A. and Moretti E.(2008), Biological Gender Differences, Absenteeism and the Earning, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, forthcoming. Imants, J. and van Zoelen, A. (1995), Teachers’ sickness absence in primary schools, school climate and teachers’ sense of efficiency, School Organization, 15, pp. 77-87. Hanushek E., Kain F. , Markman J and Rivkin S. (2003), Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement?, Journal of Applied Econometrics, 18(5), pp. 527-544. Hassink, W. and Koning P. (2005), Do Financial Bonuses to Employees Reduce Their Absenteeism? Outcome of a Lottery, IZA Discussion Paper, n. 1644. Henrekson M. and Persson M. (2004), The Effects on Sick Leave of Changes in the Sickness Insurance System, Journal of Labor Economics, 22, pp. 87-113. Leigh J. (1985), The Effects of Unemployment and the Business Cycle on Absenteeism, Journal of Economics and Business, pp. 159-170. Johansson, P. and Palme, M. (2002), Assessing the effect of public policy on worker absenteeism, Journal of Human Resources, 37, pp.381-409. Johns G. (1994), Absenteeism estimates by employees and managers: divergent perspectives and self-serving perceptions, Journal of applied psychology, 22, pp. 229-239. Kremer (2008) Manski, C. (1993), Identification of endogenous social effects: the reflection problem, Review of Economic Studies, 60, pp. 531-542. Sacerdote, B. (2001), Peer effects with random assignment for Dartmouth roommates, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116, pp.681-704. Shapiro C. and Stiglitz J. (1984), Equilibrium Unemployment as a Discipline Device, American Economic Review, 74, pp. 433-447. Zimmerman, D. (2003), Peer Effects in Academic Outcomes: Evidence from a Natural Experiment, Review of Economics and Statistics, 85(1), pp. 9-23. Winkler, R. (1979), Effects of Sick-Leave Policy on Teacher Absenteeism, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 2, pp. 232-240. Winkelmann R. (1999), Wages, firm size and absenteeism, Applied Economics Letters, 6(6), pp. 337-341.