Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Civil society and environmental compliance: New empirical evidence

Abdulla, Kanat and Serikbayeva, Balzhan (2022): Civil society and environmental compliance: New empirical evidence.

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In this article we examine the effect of civil society capacity on environmental compliance. We argue that civil society development positively impacts compliance with environmental regulations. We propose a theoretical framework whereby better civil society increases the cost of non-compliance; hence companies are more likely to behave in an environmentally friendly way. Our empirical findings suggest that a well-developed civil society contributes to better environmental performance of enterprises. This is robust to controlling for the levels of income and environmental awareness across countries as well as their regional characteristics. Thus, the study provides evidence for the important role of enhancing civil society participation in achieving greater environmental protection and has significant policy implications.

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