Lam, Alice (1992): The Japanese Equal Employment Opportunity Law: Its Effects on Personnel Management Policies and Women's Attitudes. Published in: International Studies , Vol. 254, No. 92
Download (2MB) | Preview
In May 1985, the Japanese government passed the Equal Employment Opportunity Law (hereafter refer to as EEO Law) which took effect from April 1986. The enactment of the EEO Law has aroused much controversy and debate unprecedented in the history of labour legislation in Japan. It prohibits discrimination against women in vocational training, fringe benefits, retirement and dismissal. It also urges employers to 'endeavour' to treat women equally with men with regard to recruitment, job assignment and promotion. This paper analyses the nature of the EEO Law and looks at its effects on companies' personnel policies. It also examines how the law has affected Japanese women's career consciousness based on attitude surveys conducted at a 'good practice' company before and after the enactment of the law.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Japanese Equal Employment Opportunity Law: Its Effects on Personnel Management Policies and Women's Attitudes|
|Keywords:||women workers, Japanese management, equal employment,female labour market, personnel policies|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J4 - Particular Labor Markets
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J7 - Labor Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender ; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Alice Lam|
|Date Deposited:||15. Nov 2008 04:12|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 23:09|
Cook, A.H. and Hayashi, H. (1980) Working Women in Japan: Discrimination, Resistance and Reform, Ithica, N.Y.: Cornell University
Doeringer, P.B. and Piore, M.J. (1971) Internal Labour Markets and Manpower Analysis, Lexington, Mass: D.C. Heath.
Edwards, L.N. (1988) 'Equal employment opportunity in Japan: A view from the West', Industrial and Labor Relations Review 41, 2: 240-50.
Honda, J. (1984) Danjo Koyo Kinto Towa Nanika (What Equal Employment Opportunity Law is all about?), Tokyo: Daiyamonda-sha.
Ishida, H (ed.) (1986), Josei no Jidai: Nihon Kigyo to Koyo Byodo, (Women's Era: Japanese Enterprise and Equal Employment Opportunity), Tokyo: Kobundo.
JERC (1987) Koyo Kinto Ho no Eikyo to Kigyo no Taiou (The Impact of the Equal Employment Opportunity Law and Company Responses), Nihon Keizai Kenkyu Sentaa (Japan Economic Research Centre), No.58, May.
JIL (1986) 'Ordinance and guidelines for implementing the Equal Employment Opportunity Law', Japan Labour Bulletin (Japan Insitute of Labour) 25, 4: 5-8 .
JIL (1987) 'The impact of the Equal Employment Opportunity Law at its first stage of enforcement', Japan Labour Bulletin (Japan Institute of Labour) 26, 10: 5-8.
JIWE (1986, 1987) Shinki Daigaku Sotsugyo sha Saiyo Keikaku Chosa (Survey on Recruitment Plans for University Graduates), Josei Shokugyo Zaidan (Japan Institute of Women's Employment).
JIWE (1990) Kosubetsu Koyo-kanri ni kansuru Kenkyu-kai Hokokusho (A Survey Report on Career Tracking), Josei Shokugyo Zaidan (Japan Institute of Women's Employment).
Kanto Management Association (1986), Danjo Koyo Kikai Kinto Ho to korekara no Koyokanri no Hoko (The Equal Employment Opportunity Law and the future direction of personnel management), Tokyo.
Kawashima, Y. (1987) 'The place and role of female workers in the Japanese labour market', Women's Studies International Forum 10, 6: 599 611.
Lam, A. (1992), Women and Japanese Management: Discrimination and Reform, London: Routledge.
Meehan, E. (1985) Women's Rights at Work: Campaigns and Policy in Britain and the United States, London: Macmillan.
MOL (1977, 1981, 1987) Joshi Rodosha no Koyo Kanri ni kansuru Chosa (Survey on Employment and Management of Women Workers), Rodosho Fujin kyoku (Women's Bureau, Ministry of Labour).
MOL (1986) Danjo Koyo Kikai Kinto Ho Kaisei Rodo Kijun Ho no Jitsumu Kaisetsu (A Practical Guide and Explanation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Law and the Amended Labour Standards Law), Rodosho Fujin kyoku (Women's Bureau, Ministry of Labour), Tokyo: Romu Gyosei Kenkyu-sho.
MOL (1990) Joshi Koyo Kanri Kihon Chosa (Basic Survey on Women's Employment and Management), Rodosho Fujin kyoku (Women's Bureau, Ministry of Labour).
MOL (1991) Fujin Rodo no Jitsujo (Report on Female Workers), Rodosho Fujin-kyoku (Women's Bureau, Ministry of Labour).
NIVER (1987) Joshi Rodo no Shinjidai (A New Era for Women Workers), Koyo Shokugyo Sogo Kenkyu sho (National Institute of Vocational and Employment Research), Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.
Ouwaki, M. (1987) Kinto Ho Jidai ni Ikiru (Living in the Age of Equal Opportunity Law), Tokyo: Yuhikaku Sensho. PMO (1979) Fujin ni kansuru Ishiki Chosa (Attitude Survey on Women), Sorifu (Japan Prime Minister's Office).
Ouwaki, M. (1989) Josei no Shugyo ni kansuru Seron Chosa (Public Opinion Survey on Women's Employment), Sorifu (Japan Prime Minister's Office).
Romu Gyosei Kenkyu-sho (1986), Danjo Koyo Byodo Jidai no Romu Kanri (Personnel Management in an Era of Equal Opportunity Between Men and Women), Tokyo: Romu Gyosei Kenkyu-sho.
Rosei Jiho (1986) 'Koyo kinto ho e no kigyo no taiou' (Company responses to the Equal Employment Opportunity Law), Rosei Jiho 2789: 3-31.
Rosei Jiho (1987) 'Kettei shonin-kyu no doko' (Trends in starting wages), Rosei Jiho, 2834: 2-7.
Sano, Y. (1986) 'Atarashii jidai no josei rodo' (Women's employment in a new era), in Ishida, H. (ed.) (1986).
Sato, G. (1990) Danjo Koyo Kikai Kinto Ho no Go-nen (The Equal Employment Opportunity Law in its Fifth Year), Tokyo: Romugyosei Kenkyu-sho.
Shinotsuka, E. (1982) Nihon no Joshi Rodo (Women's Employment in Japan), Tokyo: Toyo Keizai Shinpo sha.
Somucho (1981 and 1990) Rodoryoku Chosa Tokubetsu Chosa (Report on the Special Survey of the Labour Force Survey), Somucho Tokei-kyoku (Statistics Bureau, Management and Coordination Agency).
Takahashi, H. (ed.) (1983) Kawari Yuku Fujin Rodo (Changing Pattern of Women's Employment), Tokyo: Yuhikaku Sensho.
Yashiro, N. (1983) Josei Rodo no Keizai Bunseki (An Economic Analysis of Women's Employment), Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbun.