Herani, Gobind M and Rajar, Allah Wasayo and Wasim, Mohammad Pervez and Shaikh, Riaz Ahmed (2008): The Nature of Poverty and Its Prospects: Pakistan Evidence. Published in: Journal of Global Economy , Vol. 4, No. 3 (September 2008): pp. 183-194.
Download (146kB) | Preview
This paper analysis the reasons of poverty, and identifies reduction strategies developed in Pakistan and its consequences. This exploratory study uses the secondary data for the analysis. Much has been written on poverty reduction in Pakistan. So many strategies are prepared and implemented in Pakistan; we have identified and analyzed these and found that no one is successful, and in the light of these results, it needs further contribution for the reduction of poverty. Trends have remained uneven during the study period. It is found that in 1970s, poverty decreased due to increase in prices of farm output and increase in remittance. In 1980s poverty decreased due to zakat distribution, increase in remittance growth in construction and services sector. Again after 2000 it reduced and much change is seen due to introduction of Microcredit, Khushhali bank and massive spending on poverty related and social sector. In the end implication are made for the better results of strategies and planning.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Nature of Poverty and Its Prospects: Pakistan Evidence|
|English Title:||The Nature of Poverty and Its Prospects: Pakistan Evidence|
|Keywords:||Poverty Alleviation Strategies; Zakat Distribution ; Microcredit ; Remittance|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare, Well-Being
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I28 - Government Policy
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D14 - Household Saving; Personal Finance
G - Financial Economics > G2 - Financial Institutions and Services > G21 - Banks ; Depository Institutions ; Micro Finance Institutions ; Mortgages
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Gobind M. Herani|
|Date Deposited:||21. Nov 2008 04:47|
|Last Modified:||21. Feb 2013 03:33|
Ahmad, Naved (2001), Causes of Corruption : An Empirical Analysis from Winners’ and Loners’ Perspectives. Unpublished Manuscript , Northeastern University , Bostrm
Ahmad, Naved (2003), Poverty Alleviation to Empower Victims. Pakistan Business Review, (January).
Alam, M. Shahid (1983), The Nature of Mass Poverty: A Review Article. Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics. Vol. II, No. I: 85-92
Alam, M. Shahid (1995), A Theory of Limits on Corruption and Some Applications . Kyklos, Vol.48, No., 3:419-435
Abdulai, A. and A. Crole Rees (2001), Determinants of Income Diversification amongst Rural Households in Southern Mali, Food Policy, 26: 437-452
Ashley (2000), Applying Livelihood Approaches to Natural Resources Management Initiatives: Experiences in Namibia and Kenya. Working Paper 134; Overseas Development Institute, U.K
Bryceson , D. (2000), Rural Africa at the Cross Road : Livelihood Practices and Policies . ODI Natural Resource Perspectives, No.52
Center for Economic and Social Studies (2003), Andhra Pradesh District Poverty Initiatives Project (APDPIP): Baseline Survey Report in Sustainable Livelihood Framework
D’Silva E, Wani S.P and Naganath B. (2004), The Making of New Powerguda Community Empowerment and New Technologies Transform a Problem Village in Andhra Pradesh.
Dercon. S. and P. Krishnan (1996), Income Portfolios in Rural Ethiopia and Tanzania: Choices and Constraints, Journal of Development Studies, 32 (6): 850-875.
Dahri, Ghulam Rasool (2007a), Problems and Prospects of Poverty with Special Reference to South Asia. Journal of Business Strategies, Vol. 1, No. 1:75-83 (June)
Dahri, Ghulam Rasool ( 2007b), An Analytical Study of NGOs Performance in Poverty Alleviation in Hyderabad Division. New Horizons, Research Journal of Faculty of Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 2: 21-42 (July)
Dawn (2005). Micro Bank: Guidelines for NGOs in Pakistan. Karachi: Feb, 26
Dawn (2005), Pakistan Microfinance Network. Karachi: Feb, 26
Ellis, Frank (1998), Household Strategies and Rural Livelihood Diversification, The Journal of Development Studies, (35) 1: 1-38
Ellis, Frank (1999), Rural Livelihood Diversity in Developing Countries: Evidence and Policy Implications, Natural Resource Perspectives Number 40, ODI. http://www.odi.org.uk/nrp/40.html
Ellis, Frank (2000), Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Galbraith, John Kenth (1977), The Nature of Mass Poverty .Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University press Hussein, Karim and John Nelson (1999), Sustainable Livelihoods and Diversification, IDS Working Paper 69, London: Institute of Development Studies.
Hassan, Arif and Fiona A. Hardy. (1993), Tharparkar rural Development Project (TRDP) Evaluation 1993, (Government of Sindh, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Save the Children Fund (SCF)-U.K)
Herani, Gobind M. (2002), A Comparative Study of Agro-based industry of Tharparkar with Canal Barrage Area Sindh (1988-2000) Suggested Techniques Leading to an Industrial Economy. Sindh: PhD Theses, Department of Economics, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, April: 253
Herani, Gobind M., Allah Wasayo Rajar and Muhammad Ali Khaskheli (2007), Reforming Farmland and Rangeland in Tharparkar: Suggested Implementations for Income Generation. Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1: 16-36 (Spring)
Herani, Gobind M., Allah Wasayo Rajar, Noor Zaman and Adnan Alam (2007), Knowledge Transformation and Economic Development: The Role of Digital Technology-An Analysis, Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1: 37-50 (Spring)
Herani, Gobind M., Allah Wasayo Rajar and Ali Akbar Dhakan (2007), Demographic, Social and Economic Changes and Future Prospects of Tharparkar District (188-2006), Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 2:107-128 (Fall)
Herani, Gobind M., Allah Wasayo Rajar and Ali Akbar Dhakan (2007), Self-Reliance Micro-Finance in Tharparkar-Sindh: Suggested Techniques, Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 2:147-166 (Fall)
Herani, Gobind. M (1007), Farming Management in Pakistan: Suggested Factors and Techniques, International Journal of Management Research and Technology (July-December)
Husted, W. Bryan (1999), Wealth, Culture and Corruption. Journal of International Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2:339-360
IPRSP (2001), Interim Poverty Reduction Strategies Paper- 2001 Jointly Prepared by Policy Wing Finance Division and Poverty Reduction Cell, Planning Commission, Government of Pakistan
Jafri, M. Younus and Azizullah Khattak (1995), Income Inequality and Poverty in Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 33 (122)
Khan, Mahmmod Hasan (1981), Under-Development and Agrarian Structure in Pakistan. West view Press, Boulder
Kruijk, Hansdee and M. Van Leeuwen (1985), Changes in Poverty and Income Inequality in Pakistan during the 1970s. The Pakistan Development Review, 26 (4), Islamabad
Kruijk, Hansdee (1987), Source of Income Inequality in Pakistan during the 1970s. Islamabad. The Pakistan Development Report Review , 26 (4)
ILO (2005), Employment, Productivity and Poverty Reduction. Geneva
Lanjouw, J. (1997), Behind The Line: Demystifying Poverty Lines. In Poverty Reduction. UK
Lipton M (1996), Ending Poverty and Measuring Poverty lines. In Poverty Reduction. UK
Lipton, Michael (1998). Successes in Anti-Poverty. Geneva: International Labour Office.
Leibenstein, H (1954), A Theory of Economic-Demographic Development, Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
Marris, Robin (1999), Ending Poverty. London: Thames & Hudson.
Malik M. Hussain (1988), Some New Evidence on the Incidence of Poverty in Pakistan. Pakistan Development Review, 27 (4) Part-1, Islamabad
Microcredit Summit, ‘Declaration and Plan of Action, Feb 1997
Nelson, N. R (1956), A Theory of the Low-Level Equilibrium Trap, American Economic Review, 46: 894-908 (December)
Nasir, M. Saeed and Syed Kamal Hyder (2006) Economics of Pakistan. Karachi: Nasab Printers
Phulpoto, Lutaf Ali (2007) Rural Poverty in Pakistan: A Historical Perspective, Journal of Business Strategies, Vol. 1, No. 1:59-68 (June)
PES (2006), Pakistan Economic Survey (2005-06), State Banke of Pakistan, Ministry of Pakistan
Reddy, Ratna V., and Soussan John (2001), Assessing the Impacts of Watershed Development Programmes: A Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Framework
Saeed, Khawaja Amjad ( 2004). Economy of Pakistan, Third edition
Sreedevi TK., B. Shiferaw and S.P. Wani (2004), Adarsha Watershed in Kothapally Understanding the Drivers of Higher Impact. Global Theme on Agro ecosystems Report no.10:24. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
Sudan, Falendra. K (2007), Livelihood Diversification and Women Empowerment Through Self-Help Micro Credit Programme: Evidence from Jammu and Kashmir, Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 2:90-106 (Fall 2007)
Turner, B.L., Hyden, G. and Kates, R.W. (eds.) (1993), Population Growth and Agricultural Change in Africa, Gainsville: University Press of Florida.
Wasim, Mohammad Pervez (2007a), Contribution of High-Yield Varieties Seeds to Major Food Crops Production, Yield and Area in Punjab Pakistan, Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1: 51-57 (Spring)
Wasim, Mohammad Pervez (2007b), Trends and Growth in Livestock Population in Sindh: A Comparison of Different Censuses, Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1: 58-75 (Spring)
Wani, S.P., P. Pathak, H.M. Tam, A. Ramakrishna, P. Singh and T.K. Sreedevi (2002), Integrated Watershed Management for Minimizing Land Degradation and Sustaining Productivity in Asia. In Integrated Land Management in Dry Areas. Pages 123-147 in Proceedings of a Joint UNU-CAS International Workshop (Zafar Adeel, ed.), Beijing, China. 8-13 September 2001.
Thar (2000), Thar Drought Presentation (1997 - 1998, 1998 - 1999, 1999 - 2000, 2000-2001).http://www.un.org.pk/drought/Sindhmission.htm(4-12 June 2000)
Thar (2001), Schemes launched in Thar, 23rd May, Karachi. (Internet source)
Dawn. Local, 19, ctomber.2000.http://www.dawn.com/2000/10/19
DAWNS - Local, 01 November 2000. Oct 31: Various schemes of water, roads, electricity and health care were being undertaken in the desert area of Tharparkar to solve basic problems http://www.dawn.com/2000/11/01/local.htm (HYDERABAD, Oct 31 :)
DAWN-Letters 09 July 2000 in the drought- http://www.dawn.com/2000/07/09/letted.htm www partnership partnerships and Collaborations. Welfare Help build this site If http:///www.doleta gov/ /www.partnerships/default.asp
WDR (2001), The world Development Report 2000-2001.
Rena, Ravinder (2008), Sectoral Performance in African Economy – Some Issues and Trends, Indus journal of Management and social sciences. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2008 (Spring)
Available Versions of this Item
- The Nature of Poverty and Its Prospects: Pakistan Evidence. (deposited 21. Nov 2008 04:47) [Currently Displayed]