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Entrepreneurship Development, Innovation and Township Economy in South Africa

Ziyane, Barbara and Arogundade, Sodiq and Osei-Assibey, Kwame (2023): Entrepreneurship Development, Innovation and Township Economy in South Africa.

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eKasiLab_ Academic Paper_16_06_2023 .pdf

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South Africa still grapples with high unemployment, poverty, economic exclusion, and inequality nearly three decades after apartheid ended. Available statistics suggest the presence of hydra-headed issues of poverty, inequality, and unemployment in townships and informal settlements in the country. One primary tool acknowledged by many stakeholders towards addressing these issues is the development of small, medium, and micro-sized enterprises (SMMEs) through entrepreneurship development. Thus, this study assesses the socio-economic impact of the eKasiLab programme in the Gauteng province, South Africa. In achieving this objective, a combination of qualitative (semi-structured key informant interviews) and quantitive (Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and textual analysis) approaches were adopted. Results from the analysis show that the ekasiLab programme has significantly improved the entrepreneurship development of beneficiaries – treated/control group, despite notable challenges. The impact could be observed in business growth, productivity improvement, job creation and welfare improvement of the control group.

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