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Догоняющее развитие в условиях санкций: стратегия позитивного сотрудничества

Polterovich, Victor (2023): Догоняющее развитие в условиях санкций: стратегия позитивного сотрудничества.

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The article is devoted to the elaboration of a long-term strategy for the socio-economic development of Russia. It is noted that Western civilization is in a deep crisis due to the exhaustion of the potential of the mechanisms of economic and political competition. In the fight against unfavorable trends, countries are relatively successful, where the mechanisms of collaboration in the spheres of economy and politics play a significant role. In this regard, there is a need to revise the development strategies of catching- up countries. For Russia, engulfed in a war of sanctions, this problem is especially relevant. Usually, two options are considered for its solution: a mobilization strategy, which provides for a tightening of power, and a liberalization strategy, which involves a sharp reduction in the role of the state. This paper attempts to show that the most preferable strategy is positive (not directed against third parties) collaboration, which at the first stage provides for the formation of catching-up development institutions and the reduction of inequality. As a result, as the experience of the economic miracle countries shows, it is possible to launch rapid economic growth and achieve a high level of trust of citizens in each other and in state institutions. With successful development, the role of the state should decrease, and the role of market interactions should temporarily increase. At the same time, efforts should be directed to ensure that Russia finds itself in the class of coordinated market economies with a high level of corporate social responsibility, and, by the nature of the political system, can be attributed to consensus democracies. Following the strategy of positive collaboration would contribute to the formation of a modern ideology of collaboration and, hence, to the success of further development. It is shown that such an ideology has deep roots in Russian philosophical culture. As a result of the growth of welfare, the level of technology, and civic culture, this strategy will provide Russia with a collaborative advantage, which means joining the group of the most successful countries. It is noted that the discrepancies between the United States and the European Union are of a deep nature and are determined by differences in value orientations, in cultural characteristics, in the structure of economic and political mechanisms. The above arguments give reason to hope that the strategy of positive collaboration after the resolution of the conflict in Ukraine and the inevitable loss of dominant positions by the United States will contribute to the rapprochement between Russia and the EU countries.

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