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Аграрното управление - опит за разбиране и икономическо анализиране

Bachev, Hrabrin (2023): Аграрното управление - опит за разбиране и икономическо анализиране.

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The problem of adequate understanding and evaluation of the system of governance, and agrarian governance in particular, is among the most topical academic and practical (policies and business and farms strategies forwarded) tasks. The goal of the article is to adapt the interdisciplinary methodology of the New Institutional Economics and to propose an adequate definition and framework for analyzing the system of agrarian governance in Bulgaria. Based on a critical review of previous research and practical experience in this area, it is underlined that agrarian governance is to be studied as a complex system, including four principle components: agrarian and related agents involved in making management decisions; rules, forms, and mechanisms that govern the behavior, activities, and relationships of agrarian agents; processes and activities related to making governing decisions; a specific social order resulting from the governing process and functioning of the system. The analysis of agrarian governance should include the individual elements of the system, different levels of governance, and the main functional areas of agrarian governance, for each of which adequate quantitative or qualitative methods of institutional approach are suggested. When evaluating the agrarian governance system, the personal characteristics of the participating agents, the institutional environment, transaction costs, and benefits, the comparative efficiency of alternative governing structures, and the "time factor" must be taken into account. Further theoretical and empirical research in this "new" field is needed to better understand this complex category and refine approaches to its economic analysis.

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