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Comportamiento de los puertos del Eje Atlántico en el periodo 2019-23: un análisis diferencial

Gonzalez Laxe, Fernando and Armesto Pina, José Francisco and Sanchez-Fernandez, Patricio (2023): Comportamiento de los puertos del Eje Atlántico en el periodo 2019-23: un análisis diferencial. Published in: Informe de Coyuntura Económica del Foro Economico de Galicia No. III/2023 (October 2023): pp. 39-54.

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Globalization is modifying traditional paradigms on the articulation of ports with the territory. Port studies focused from functionalist perspectives (in which the units of analysis were the port spaces themselves) have given way to systemic approaches that place ports in a new position, within the chains of physical circulation of goods. Thus, ports are understood as intermediate nodes, within multimodal logistics and transportation networks that facilitated the formation of production-distribution chains at a global level.

Nowadays, we see new flows of goods moved under door-to-door parameters and without load breakage, through standard containers that adapt to other modes of transport, and can be deployed and located in different locations in various latitudes and continents. Currently, mobility and connectivity are considered basic elements of modern analyzes in which four characteristics stand out: the fragmentation of production; a new technological, operational and organizational perspective of production; the configuration of a territory of networks and connectivity; and a lower relevance of physical distance.

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