Padli, Jaharudin and Habibullah, M.S. (2008): Natural disaster death and socio-economic factors in selected Asian countries: A panel data analysis.
Download (177kB) | Preview
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between disaster fatalities with the level of economic development, years of schooling, land area and population for a panel of fifteen Asian countries over the sample period over 1970 to 2005. Our results indicates that the relationship between disaster losses and the level of economic development is nonlinear in nature suggesting that at lower income level, a country is more disaster resilience but at higher income level, an economy become less disaster resistant. Other disaster determinants of interest is the level of education which suggests that educational attainment reduces human fatalities as a result of disaster; larger population will increase death toll and larger land area will reduce disaster fatalities. 1. INTRODUCTION
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Natural disaster death and socio-economic factors in selected Asian countries: A panel data analysis|
|Keywords:||natural disaster; Asian; Panel data analysis|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q0 - General > Q00 - General
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E0 - General > E00 - General
|Depositing User:||Jaharudin Padli|
|Date Deposited:||04. Dec 2008 08:43|
|Last Modified:||08. Jan 2014 16:53|
Albala-Bertrand, J. (1993). Political Economy of Large Natural Disasters. New York: Oxford University Press.
Barro, R.J. and Lee, J.W. (1996). International measures of schooling years and schooling Quality. American Economic Review, 86(2), 218-23.
Benson, C. and Clay, E. (2003).Disasters, vulnerability and the global economy, in A. Kreimer, M. Arnold and A. Carlin (eds.).Building Safer Cities: The Future of Disaster Risk. Washington: World Bank.
Dacy, D.C. and Kunreuther, H. (1969). The Economics of Natural Disasters: Implications for Federal Policy. New York, N.Y.: The Free Press.
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Inter-American Development Bank (ECLAC). (2000). A Matter of Development: How to Reduce Vulnerability in the Face of Natural Disasters. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
EMDAT, The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database 2000 Unversite Catholicque de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.
Guha-Sapir, D. (2008a). Natural disaster in 2007. Cred Crunch, 12.
Guha-Sapir, D. (2008b). EM-DAT’s new disaster classification. Cred Crunch, 13.
Horwich, G. (2000). Economic lessons from the Kobe earthquake. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 48, 521-542.
International Monetary Fund. (2003). Fund assistance for countries facing exogenous shocks. http://www.imf.org/external/np/pdr/sustain/2003/080803.pdf.
Kahn, M.E. (2005). The death toll from natural disasters: The role of income, geography and institutions. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 87(2), 271-284.
Noy, I. (2008). The macroeconomic consequences of disasters. Journal of Development Economics, in press.
Raschky, P.A. (2008). Institutions and the losses from natural disasters. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 8, 627-634.
Rasmussen, T.N. (2004). Macroeconomic implications of natural disasters in the Caribbean. IMF Working Papers WP/04/224.International Monetary Fund.
Schlein, L. (2008). Asia hardest hit by natural disasters in 2007. Voice of America. 18 January 2008. Available at http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2008-01/2008-01-18-voa52.cfm?CFID=64454741&CFTOKEN=86050072
Skidmore, M. and Toya, H. (2002). Do natural disasters promote long-run growth? Economic Inquiry, 40(4), 664-687.
Toya, H. and Skidmore, M. (2007). Economic development and the impacts of natural disasters. Economics Letters, 94, 20-25.
United Nations Economics and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). (2007). Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2007. Washington, D.C.: United Nation.
White, H. (1980). A heteroscedasticity-consistent covariance matrix estimator and a direct test for heteroscedasticity. Econometrica, 48, 817-838.
Wildavsky, A. (1988). Searching for Safety. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction.