Reinhart, Carmen and Reinhart, Vincent (1999): On the use of reserve requirements in dealing with capital flow problems. Published in: International Journal of Finance and Economics , Vol. 1, No. 4 (January 1999): pp. 27-54.
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In recent years, many developing countries have intervened in foreign exchange markets to offset to some extent the effect on their economies of large capital flows. Often, changes in reserve requirements were used to mitigate the impact of that intervention on domestic money supplies. Because reserve requirements are a tax, however, changes in reserve requirements can have real effects. This paper shows that the exact implications for output, the real exchange rate, and the capital and current accounts depend importantly on who--whether depositors or borrowers--pays the tax. In any case, foreign exchange intervention matched by changes in reserve requirements that keep the money supply fixed do influence the exchange rate in the short and, sometimes, the long run. The recent experiences of ten developing countries establish that, while the incidence of the tax varies considerably across countries and time, both deposit and lending rates of interest respond to changes in reserve requirements.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||On the use of reserve requirements in dealing with capital flow problems|
|Keywords:||capital flows countercyclical policies capital mobility reserve requirements|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
|Depositing User:||Carmen Reinhart|
|Date Deposited:||02. Mar 2009 00:25|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 00:47|
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