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L’echec de la croissance de la productivite agricole en afrique francophone

Nkamleu, Guy Blaise (2004): L’echec de la croissance de la productivite agricole en afrique francophone. Published in: Economie Rurale , Vol. 279, (January 2004): pp. 55-67.

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This paper examines changes in agricultural productivity in 8 French-speaking countries. The relative performance of agricultural sector was gauged using data envelopment analysis. From a panel data set of the 8 countries, which included the 30-year period 1970-2000, mathematical programming methods were used to measure Malmquist indexes of total factor productivity. It was found that, during that period, total factor productivity have experienced a negative evolution in sample countries. A decomposition of those measures suggest that, most of the weak performance of factors productivity is attributable more to technological change than technical efficiency change. Sample data showed that devaluation of Cfa franc have had a positive impact on the sector. We also found that compared to non-sahelian countries, sahelian countries have experienced a weak performance of their agricultural sector during the period 1970-2000.

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