Kitsak, Maksim and Havlin, Shlomo and Paul, Gerald and Riccaboni, Massimo and Pammolli, Fabio and Stanley, H. Eugene
(2007):
*Betweenness Centrality of Fractal and Non-Fractal Scale-Free Model Networks and Tests on Real Networks.*
Published in: Physical Review E
, Vol. 75, No. 5
(31 May 2007): 056115.

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## Abstract

We study the betweenness centrality of fractal and non-fractal scale-free network models as well as real networks. We show that the correlation between degree and betweenness centrality C of nodes is much weaker in fractal network models compared to non-fractal models. We also show that nodes of both fractal and non-fractal scale-free networks have power law betweenness centrality distribution P(C) ~ C^δ. We find that for non-fractal scale-free networks δ = -2, and for fractal scale-free networks δ = -2 + 1/dB, where dB is the dimension of the fractal network. We support these results by explicit calculations on four real networks: pharmaceutical firms (N = 6776), yeast (N = 1458), WWW (N = 2526), and a sample of Internet network at AS level (N = 20566), where N is the number of nodes in the largest connected component of a network. We also study the crossover phenomenon from fractal to non-fractal networks upon adding random edges to a fractal network. We show that the crossover length ℓ*, separating fractal and non-fractal regimes, scales with dimension dB of the network as p−1/dB, where p is the density of random edges added to the network. We find that the correlation between degree and betweenness centrality increases with p.

Item Type: | MPRA Paper |
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Original Title: | Betweenness Centrality of Fractal and Non-Fractal Scale-Free Model Networks and Tests on Real Networks |

Language: | English |

Keywords: | Interfirm networks; R&D collaborations, Pharmaceutical industry; ICT. |

Subjects: | L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L65 - Chemicals ; Rubber ; Drugs ; Biotechnology L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L25 - Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O30 - General E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E1 - General Aggregative Models > E17 - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L60 - General L - Industrial Organization > L0 - General > L00 - General L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L63 - Microelectronics ; Computers ; Communications Equipment |

Item ID: | 15907 |

Depositing User: | Laknori |

Date Deposited: | 29 Jun 2009 14:49 |

Last Modified: | 10 Oct 2019 14:04 |

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URI: | https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/id/eprint/15907 |