Hanauske, Matthias and Bernius, Steffen and Dugall, Berndt (2007): Quantum Game Theory and Open Access Publishing. Published in: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications , Vol. 382, No. 2 (15. August 2007): pp. 650-664.
Download (5MB) | Preview
The digital revolution of the information age and in particular the sweeping changes of scientific communication brought about by computing and novel communication technology, potentiate global, high grade scientific information for free. The arXiv for example is the leading scientific communication platform, mainly for mathematics and physics, where everyone in the world has free access on. While in some scientific disciplines the open access way is successfully realized, other disciplines (e.g. humanities and social sciences) dwell on the traditional path, even though many scientists belonging to these communities approve the open access principle. In this paper we try to explain these different publication patterns by using a game theoretical approach. Based on the assumption, that the main goal of scientists is the maximization of their reputation, we model different possible game settings, namely a zero sum game, the prisoners’ dilemma case and a version of the stag hunt game, that show the dilemma of scientists belonging to “non-open access communities”. From an individual perspective, they have no incentive to deviate from the Nash Equilibrium of traditional publishing. By extending the model using the quantum game theory approach it can be shown, that if the strength of entanglement exceeds a certain value, the scientists will overcome the dilemma and terminate to publish only traditionally in all three settings.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Quantum Game Theory and Open Access Publishing|
|English Title:||Quantum Game Theory and Open Access Publishing|
|Keywords:||Open Access, game theory, social dilemma, quantum game theory|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A13 - Relation of Economics to Social Values
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C02 - Mathematical Methods
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C7 - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights
|Depositing User:||Matthias Hanauske|
|Date Deposited:||01. Jul 2009 09:16|
|Last Modified:||08. Jan 2014 00:48|
M. Getz, Proceedings of the ACRL 9th National Conference 1999 (1999).
M. McCabe, Contributions to Economic Analysis and Policy 3, 1 (2004).
SQW, Economic Analysis of Scientific Research Publishing. (Wellcome Trust, Cambridgeshire, 2003).
C. Tenopir and D.W. King, Towards Electronic Journals. (SLA Publishing, Washington DC, 2000).
A. Okerson, Proceedings of the UNESCO Invitational Meeting on the Future of Scientific Information (1996).
G. Tananbaum, Learned Publishing 16(4), 284 (2003).
5th Frankfurt Scientific Symposium: Is there any progress in alternative publishing? (2004), http://wiap.wiwi.uni-frankfurt.de/5thsymp/.
S. Harnad, Ariadne 42 (2005), http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/harnad/intro.html.
J. Guedon, Serials Review 30 (4), 315 (2004).
EU, Study on the economic and technical evolution of the scientific publication markets in Europe. (DG Research, 2006).
DFG, Publication Strategies in Transformation? (Wiley-VCH Verlag (Weinheim), 2005), http://www.dfg.de/en/dfg profile/facts and figures/statistical reporting/open access/index.html.
S. Schroter, L. Tite, and R. Smith, BMJ (2005), doi:10.1136/bmj.38359.695220.82.
T. Dewett and A. S. Denisi, Scientometrics 60, 249 (2004).
S. Lawrence, Nature 411, 521 (2001), 31 May.
S. Harnad and T. Brody, D-Lib Magazine 10 (2004).
G. Eysenbach, PLoS Biol 4(5) (2006), e157.
J. von Neumann and O. Morgenstern, The Theory of Games and Economic Behaviour (Princeton University Press, 1947).
J. von Neumann, Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik (Springer, 1932).
D. A. Meyer, Physical Review Letters 82, 1052 (1999), quant-ph/9804010.
J. Eisert, M. Wilkens, and M. Lewenstein, Physical Review Letters 83, 3077 (1999), quant-ph/9806088.
S. C. Benjamin and P. M. Hayden, Physical Review A 64, 030301 (2001), quant-ph/0007038.
L. Marinatto and T. Weber, Physics Letters A 272, 291 (2000), quant-ph/0004081.
E. W. Piotrowski and J. Sladkowski, Physica A 312, 208 (2002), quant-ph/0104006.
J. Du, H. Li, X. Xu, M. Shi, J. Wu, X. Zhou, and R. Han, Physical Review Letters 88, 137902 (2002), quant-ph/0104087.
A. Iqbal, Ph.D. thesis, University of Hull (UK) (2006), quant-ph/0604188.
J. O. Grabbe, An introduction to quantum game theory (2005), quant-ph/0506219.
A. P. Flitney and D. Abbott, Fluct. Noise Lett. 2, R175 (2002), quant-ph/0208069.
J. Eisert and M. Wilkens, Journal of Modern Optics 47, 2543 (2000), quant-ph/0004076.