Hasan, Lubna (2009): Disease, Institutions and Underdevelopment.
Download (474kB) | Preview
What explains poverty of Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia? One view holds the disease environment of these regions as the primary culprit. Others see it as a typical symptom of growth retarding institutions. We test validity of these competing assertions for a cross section of countries. Our results indicate that institutions are the prime determinant of economic performance of countries. Disease does not play a significant role in determining outcomes. On the contrary, we find support for the indirect effect of disease via institutions, as asserted by the 'institutions school'. Interestingly, the 'institutions school' contention about geography having no direct effect on income is also not validated. Our results show that being land locked can pose significant disadvantage for a country. Endowment of hydrocarbon, however, is beneficial for economic outcomes.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Disease, Institutions and Underdevelopment|
|Keywords:||Economic Performance; Institutions; Disease|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity > O43 - Institutions and Growth
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I10 - General
|Depositing User:||Lubna Hasan|
|Date Deposited:||20. Aug 2009 11:25|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 18:39|
Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson, and J. A. Robinson (2001) The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation. American Economic Review 91: December, 1369–1401.
Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson, and J. A. Robinson (2003) Disease and Development in Historical Perspective. Journal of the European Economic Association, 1 (2-3): 397-405.
Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson (2007) Disease and Development: The Effect of Life Expectancy on Economic Growth. Journal of Political Economy, 115: December, 925-985.
Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson, and J. A. Robinson (2005a) Institutions as the Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth. In P. Aghion and S. Durlauf (eds.) Handbook of Economic Growth. North Holland.
Birdsall, N. (2007) Do No Harm: Aid, Weak Institutions and the Missing Middle in Africa. Development Policy Review, 25 (5): 575-598
Bloch, H., and S. H. K. Tang (2004) Deep Determinants of Economic Growth: Institutions, Geography and Openness to Trade. Progress in Development Studies 4, 245–255.
Bloom, D. E., and J. D. Sachs (1998) Geography, Demography and Economic Growth in Africa. Brookings Paper on Economic Activity, 2: 207-295.
Chakraborty, Papageorgiou and Perez-Sebastian (2005) Disease and Development. Working Paper no. 49. Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law. The Stanford Institute on International Studies.
Cutler, D., W. Fung, M. Kremer, and M. Singhal (2007) Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India. NBER Working Paper No. 13539
Finlay, J. (2007) The Role of Health in Economic Development. Program on the Global Demography of Aging. Working Paper No. 21. Harvard Initiative for global health [HIGH]
Funke, M. and J. Zuo (2003) Annual Hard Frosts, Scale Effects and Economic Development: A Case Not Closed. Quantative Macroeconomics Working Paper No. 20308. Department of Economics, Hamburg University.
Gallup J. L., J. D. Sachs, and A. Mellinger (1999) Geography and Economic Development. Working Papers, Center for International Development at Harvard University. (CID Working Paper No. 1.)
Gallup J. L., and J. D. Sachs (2000) The Economic Burden of Malaria. Working Papers, Center for International Development at Harvard University. (CID Working Paper No. 52.)
Gollin, D. and C. Zimmermann (2007) Malaria: Disease Impacts and Long-Run Income Differences.
Gundlach, E. (2006) The Primacy of Institutions Reconsidered: Direct Income Effects of Malaria Prevalence. The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 309-339, 2006.
Hasan, L. (2007) Myths and Realities of Long-run Development: A Look at Deeper Determinants. The Pakistan Development Review, 46 (1): Spring, 19-44.
Kiszewski, A., A. Mellinger, A Spielman, P. Malaney, S. E. Sachs, and J. Sachs (2004) A Global Index Representing the Stability of Malaria Transmission. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 70(5): pp. 486–498
Masters, W. A. and J. D. Sachs (2001) Climate and Development. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AEA, New Orleans, 7 January.
McCarthy, F. D., H. Wolf, and Y. Wu (2000). The Growth Costs of Malaria. NBER Working Paper No. 7541
Przeworski, A. (2004) Geography vs. Institutions Revisited: Were Fortunes Reversed? New York University. (Working Paper Wilf Family Department of Politics.)
Presbitero, A. F. (2006) Institutions and Geography as Sources of Economic Development. Journal of Economic Development, 18: 351-378.
Rodrik, D. (ed.) (2003) In Search of Prosperity: Analytical Narratives on Economic Growth. Princeton University Press. Princeton and Oxford.
Rodrik, D., A. Subramanian, and F. Trebbi (2004) Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development. Journal of Economic Growth 9 (2): June, 131-165.
Sachs, J. D. (2003). Institutions Don’t Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income. (NBER Working Paper No. 9490.)
Woods, D. (2004) Latitude or Rectitude: Geographical or Institutional Determinants of Development. Third World Quarterly 25, 1401–1414