Okoye, B.C and Onyenweaku, C.E and Asumugha, G.N (2006): Allocative Efficiency of Small-Holder Cocoyam Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria. Published in: Agricultural Journal , Vol. 4, No. 38 (2007): pp. 70-81.
Download (88kB) | Preview
This study employed a stochastic frontier translog cost and production functions to measure the level of allocative efficiency and it’s determinants in small-holder cocoyam production in Anambra state, Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 120 cocoyam farmers in the state in 2005 from whom input-output data and their prices were obtained using the cost-route approach. The parameters of the stochastic frontier cost function were estimated using the maximum likelihood method. The result of the analysis shows that individual farm level allocative efficiency was about 65%. The study found age and education to be negatively and significantly related to allocative efficiency at 1.0%. Farm size coefficient also had a negative relationship with allocative efficiency and was significant at 5.0%. Fertilizer use and credit access was significant and directly related to allocative efficiency at 5.0% as well as farm experience at 10.0% level of probability. No significant relationship was found between allocative efficiency and extension visit, family size and membership of cooperative societies.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Allocative Efficiency of Small-Holder Cocoyam Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria|
|Keywords:||Translog Stochastic Frontier Production Function, Technical Efficiency, Economic Efficiency and Allocative Efficiency|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C13 - Estimation: General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models ; Multiple Variables > C31 - Cross-Sectional Models ; Spatial Models ; Treatment Effect Models ; Quantile Regressions ; Social Interaction Models
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
|Depositing User:||B.C Okoye|
|Date Deposited:||17. Sep 2009 23:44|
|Last Modified:||13. Mar 2015 00:51|
Afriat, S.N. (1972) Efficiency Estimation of the Production Function. International Economic Review 13: 568-598.
Aigner, D, Lovell, C.A.K and Schmidt, P. (1977) Formulation and Estimation of Stochastic Frontier Production Function Models. Journal of Econometrics 6:21-37
Aigner, D.J. and Chu, S.F. (1968) Estimating the Industry Production Function. American Economic Review 58:826-839
Ali, M. and Chaudhry, M.A. (1990) Inter-regional Farm Efficiency in Pakistan’s Punjab: A Frontier Production Function Study. Journal of Agricultural Economics 41:62-74.
Amaza, P. S and Olayemi J. K (2000) The Influence of Education and Extension Contact on Food Crop Production in Gombe State; Nigeria Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Devt. Vol. 1, pp 80-90
Bravo-Ureta and Evenson R. E. (1994) Efficiency in Agricultural Production: The case of Peasant Farmers in Eastern Paraguay. Agricultural Economics 10 (1): 27 – 37.
Bravo-Ureta B.E and Pinheiro A.R (1997). “Technical, Economics, and Allocative Efficiency in Peasant farming. Evidence from the Dominican Republic. “The Development Economics” Vol.35 No.1, PP: 48-07,
Charnes, A., Copper, W.W. and Rhodes, E. (1978) Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units. European Journal of Operational Research. 2: 429-444.
Coelli, L.J., A Guide to Frontier 4.1: A Computer Program For Stochastic Frontier Production and Cost Function Estimation. Department of Econometrics, University of New England, Armidale (1994)
Coelli, T. J., Prasada, R. and Battese, G. (1998) An Introduction of Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Press, Boston.
Ezeh, C.I. (2004) A Comparative Study of Fadama and Non- Fadama Crop farmers in Osisioma-Ngwa L.G.A, Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agriculture Research 11
FAO, (2006). Food and Agricultural Organisation Database Results
Fleming, E.., Fleming, P., Rodgers, H., Griffiten, G. and Johnston, D. (2004) Animal Efficiency in an Intensive Beef Production. Genetic Breeding Unit, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia Hazarika, C and Subramanian, S.R. (1999) Estimation of Technical Efficiency in the Stochastic Frontier Production Function Model – An Application to the Tea Industry in Assam.
Idiong, I.C. (2005) Evaluation of Technical, Allocative and Economic Efficiencies in Rice Production Systems in Cross River State, Nig. An unpublished Ph.D Thesis, Univ. of Ibadan, Nig.
Jondrow, J. C., Lovell, A.K., Materoy, I.S and Schmidt, P. (1982). “On the Estimation of Technical Inefficiency in the Stochastic Frontier Production Function Model”. Journal of Econometrics, 19. 233 – 238
Hussain, M., Norton, G., and Neale, R.J. (1984) Composition and Nutritive value of cormels of Colocasia exulenta (L) Schott. Journal of Sc. Food and Agric. 35:1112-1119.
Kirkley, J.E., Squires, D. and Strand, I.E. (1995) Assessing Technical Efficiency in Commercial Fisheries:The Mid-Atlantic Sea Scallop Fishery.American Journal of Agricultural Economics 20: 31-34.
Mbanaso, E.N.A and Enyinnaya, A.M. (1989) Cocoyam germplasm conservation. NRCRI Annual Report:60.
National Population Commission, (2006). Nigeria’s 2006 Population Census (NPC), Abuja.
Nkematu J.A (2000). Anambra State Agricultural Development Project Extension Services Report for 1999. In Proc. of the 14th Annual Farming Systems Research and Extension workshop in South Eastrern Nigeria, 9-12 Nov.pp100-105.
Ohajianya D.O. and Onyenweaku C.E. (2001) Gender and Relative Efficiency in Rice Production Systems in Ebonyi State, Nigeria: A Profit function Analysis. Journal for Sustainable Agric. and Envim. 3(2): 384-392.
Onyenweaku, C. E. and Ezeh, N. O. A (1987) Trends in Production, Area and Productivity of Cocoyams in Nigeria 1960/61 – 1981/84: In Cocoyams in Nigeria, Production, Processing and Utilization, NRCRI Umudike. P p 94 - 100
Parkinson, S. (1984) The contribution of aroids in the nutrition of people in the south pacific. In: Chandra, S., ed., Edible aroids. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK: 215-224.
Schippers, R.R. (2000) African Indigenous Vegetables. An Overview of the Cultivated Species. Chathan UK: Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (2000)
Shah, M (1995). Measurement of conomic Efficiency in Pakistani Agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, August, 1995.
Splitstoesser, N.E., Martin, F.W and Rhodes, A.M. (1973) The nutritional value of some tropical root crops. Proc. of the Tropical Region of the American Society for Horticultural science. 17:290-294.
Xu, X and Jeffrey (1995) “Rural Efficiency and Technical Progress in Modern Economic Evidence from Rice Production in China”. Staff Paper 95 – 102. Dept. of Rural Economy, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Home Economics, University of Edmonton Canada.