Quiñones, Esteban J. (2006): The Indigenous Heterogeneity of Oportunidades: Ample or Insufficient Human Capital Accumulation?
Download (669kB) | Preview
Indigenous groups account for over one tenth of Mexico’s population and many of them suffer from constant social disadvantages and extreme marginalization. One of their few paths out of poverty is through the accumulation of human capital, which is a central element of Oportunidades’ strategy to ameliorate trans-generational poverty. This study finds that the positive impacts of Oportunidades on enrollment for the general population are no different for indigenous households. In addition, it finds that Oportunidades impacts on repeat and illness rates are consistently marginal. Thus, it is argued that unless tailored investment in indigenous human capital accumulation and complimentary alternatives are intensified to close the existing indigenous marginalization gaps, indigenous Mexicans will remain in profound and persistent poverty due to the unique and overwhelming obstacles they face.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Indigenous Heterogeneity of Oportunidades: Ample or Insufficient Human Capital Accumulation?|
|Keywords:||Oportunidades; PROGRESSA; Mexico; Indigenous; Human Capital Accumulation; Impact Evaluation;|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D63 - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare, Well-Being
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H43 - Project Evaluation ; Social Discount Rate
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C01 - Econometrics
|Depositing User:||Esteban J. Quiñones|
|Date Deposited:||24. Dec 2009 01:37|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 05:30|
Bando, R., Lopez-Calva, L., and Patrinos, H., Child Labor, School Attendance, and Indigenous Households: Evidence from Mexico, World Bank Research Working Paper No. 3487 (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, January 2005).
Becker, G.S., Human Capital (New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1975).
Behrman, J.R., Sengupta, P., and Todd, P., Progression through PROGRESA: An Impact Assessment of a School Subsidy Experiment, Project Papers and Briefs (Washington, D.C.: IFPRI, April 2001).
De la Brière, B., personal conversation, Conditional Cash Transfers: A Fresh Assessment, International Development Forum (Washington, D.C.: School of International Service at American University, March 28, 2006).
Coady, D., The Application of Social Cost-Benefit Analysis to the Evaluation of PROGRESA, Final report submitted to PROGRESA. (Washington, D.C.: IFPRI, 2000).
Currie, J., Welfare and the Well Being of Children: Fundamentals of Pure and Applied Economics (Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic, 1995).
Gertler, P., The Impact of PROGRESA on Health, Final reported submitted to PROGRESSA (Washington, D.C.: IFPRI, 2000).
Gertler, P., Do Conditional Cash Transfers Improve Child Health? Evidence from PROGRESA’s Control Randomized Experiment, Health, Health Care, and Economic Development, Vol. 94, No. 2 (May 2004), pp. 336-341.
Hanson, G., Globalization, Labor Income, and Poverty in Mexico, NBER Working Paper No. 11027 (San Diego, CA: University of San Diego, 2005).
Hoddinott, J., Skoufias, E., and Washburn, R., The Impacts of PROGRESA on Consumption, Final report submitted to PROGRESSA (Washington, D.C: IFPRI, 2000).
Grosh, M., Administering Targeting Social Programs in Latin America: From Platitudes to Practice (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 1994).
Ilahi, N., Orazem, O., and Sedlacek, G., The Implications of Child Labor and Adult Wages, Income, and Poverty: Retrospective Evidence from Brazil, mimeo (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 2000).
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) America, Mexico’s Oportunidades: An Interview with Miguel Szekely, Undersecretary of Social Development, IDB America Online; available from http://www.iadb.org/idbamerica/index.cfm?thisid=3169; Internet; accessed on November 20, 2005.
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) America, The Story Behind PROGRESA, IDB America Online; available from http://www.iadb.org/idbamerica/index.cfm?thisid=3049; Internet; accessed on November 20, 2005.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), PROGRESA, IFPRI Online; available from http://www.ifpri.org/themes/progresa.htm; Internet; accessed on November 20, 2005.
Levy, S. and Rodriguez, E., Economic Crisis, Political Transition and Poverty Policy Reform: Mexico’s PROGRESA-Oportunidades Program (Washington, D.C: IDB, 2004).
Lipton, M. and Ravallion, M., Poverty and Policy, Handbook of Development Economics, Vol. III., ed. by Behrman and Srinivasan (North-Holland, 1999), pp. 2553-2675.
Maluccio, J., Coping with the ‘Coffee Crisis’ in Central America: The Role of the Nicaraguan Red de Protección Social, FCND Discussion Paper, No. 188 (Washington, D.C.: IFPRI, February 2005).
Mayer, S.E., What Money Can’t Buy: Family Income and Children’s Life Chances (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997).
McEwan, P.J., The Indigenous Test Score Gap in Bolivia and Chile, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 53, No. 1 (October 2005), pp. 157-190.
Mincer, J., Schooling, Experience, and Earnings (New York: Columbia University Press, 1974).
De la O Campos, A.P., personal conversation (Washington, D.C.: School of International Service at American University, April 4, 2006).
Parker, S.W. and Teurel, G., Schooling Inequality and Language Barriers, Documento de Trabajo, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (Mexico, 2003).
Psacharopoulos, G., Ethnicity, Education, and Earnings in Bolivia and Guatemala, Comparative Education Review, Vol. 37, No. 1, Special Issues on Ethnicity (February 1993), pp. 9-20.
Psacharopoulos, G. and Patrinos, H., Indigenous People and Poverty in Latin America (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 1996).
Ravallion, M., The Mystery of the Vanishing Benefits: Ms. Speedy Analyst’s Introduction to Evaluation, World Bank Economic Review Vol. 15, No. 1, (2001), pp. 115-140.
Shultz, T.P., Investing in Human Capital, American Economic Review, Vol. 51, No. 1 (March 1961), pp. 1-17.
Shultz, T.P., The Impact of PROGRESA on School Enrollments, Final report submitted to PROGRESA, (Washington, D.C.: IFPRI, 2000).
Skoufias, E. and Parker, S.W., Conditional Cash Transfers and their Impact on Child Work and Schooling: Evidence from the PROGRESA Program in Mexico, FCND Discussion Paper, No. 123 (Washington D.C: IFPRI, 2001).
Skoufias, E., PROGRESA and its Impacts on the Welfare of Rural Households in Mexico, Research Report, No. 139 (Washington, D.C.: IFPRI, 2005).