Alasrag, Hussien (2010): Enhance the competitiveness of the Arab SMEs in the knowledge economy.
Download (1MB) | Preview
Due to their increasing importance to production growth and vital relation with various productive sectors in society, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have become one of the key instruments to face economic and social problems and achieve development objectives in most industrial and developing countries. Statistics show that SMEs represent 90% of total companies in the vast majority of economies worldwide and provide 40-80% of total job opportunities in addition to contributing largely to GDPs of many countries. For example, they constitute about 99% of the total private business, non-agricultural in Egypt, and contribute about 80% of the total added value produced by the private sector, with about two-thirds of the labor force and three-quarters of workers in special functions outside the agricultural sector. for Kuwait, this sector constitutes approximately 90% of the private workforce, including labor and imported an estimated 45% of the labor force, employment and national rates of less than 1%, in Lebanon, more than 95% of the total enterprises, contribute about 90% of the jobs. In the UAE , small and medium enterprises accounted about 94.3% of the economic projects in the country, and employs about 62% of the workforce and contributes around 75% of the GDP of the state. In addition, they account for 96% of the GDP in Yemen in 2005, and about 77%, 59%, 25% in Algeria, Palestine and Saudi Arabia, respectively, during the same year , while the contribution of these projects range between 25% -40% of the GDP of Egypt.This research aims to study enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium business enterprises in the Arab Countries under the knowledge economy in the light of the growing interest in it, through identification of the concept and importance of small business enterprises for the Arab States, the most important challenges facing development, and finally the research tries to propose a number of policy recommendations to develop and activate this important sector in the Arab countries under the knowledge economy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Enhance the competitiveness of the Arab SMEs in the knowledge economy|
|English Title:||Enhance the competitiveness of the Arab SMEs in the knowledge economy|
|Keywords:||competitiveness , small and medium business enterprises , the Arab Countries , the knowledge economy|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L5 - Regulation and Industrial Policy > L53 - Enterprise Policy
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
|Depositing User:||Hussein Elasrag|
|Date Deposited:||31. Mar 2010 05:50|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 03:21|
1. Ayyagari, Meghana, Thorsten Beck, Asli Demirgüc-Kunt, 2005, “Small and Medium Enterprises Across the Globe,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3127, World Bank, Washington, D.C. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DEC/Resources/84797-1114437274304/SME_globe.pdf
2. Doha Abdelhamid and Alia El Mahdi,The Small Business Informality Challenge: Lessons Learned From Country Experiences and The Road Ahead of Egypt, ERF Working Paper Series, Economic Research Forum, Working Paper 0324 .
3. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia,2002," the ability of industrial enterprises of small and medium innovation in selected countries of the ESCWA region", (E/ESCWA/ID/2001/2), the United Nations, New York.
4. Hussien Alasrag, The developmental role of small projects in the Arab countries (Arabic): mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/2763/1/MPRA_paper_2763.pdf
5. Jean-Eric Aubert and Reiffers, Jean-Louis,2003," Knowledge Economies in the Middle East and North Africa: Toward New Development Strategies, WBI Learning Resources Series, The World Bank, Washington, DC .
6. John Houghton and Peter Sheehan, 2000,"A Primer on the Knowledge Economy", Centre for Strategic Economic Studies ,Victoria University, Australia.
7. Luetkenhorst, W. (2004) ‘Corporate Social Responsibility and the Development Agenda: Thecase for actively involving small and medium enterprises’, Intereconomics, May/June.
8. Ministry of Finance, , November 2004 ,"Enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium enterprises in Egypt, Arab Republic of Egypt .
9. National bank of Dubai, June 2007,"The Nature of Small and Medium Size Enterprises in GCC’s Industrial Sector", Economic report, UAE.
10. Newberry, Derek, 2006. “The Role of Small- and Medium-Sized enterprises in the Futures of Emerging Economies”. Earth Trends 2006. World Resources Institute under a Creative Commons License.
11. OECD,18 Apr 2001," Enhancing SME Competitiveness ",The OECD Bologna Ministerial Conference, OECD Publishing.
12. Stevenson, Lois, 2010,"SMEs in the Arab Region: Challenges and Opportunities", The Dubai International Conference of Endowments on Innovative Sources to Finance Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises,UAE,16-17 February
13. Tom Gibson,H. J. van der Vaart, September 2008,"Defining SMEs:A Less Imperfect Way of Defining Small and Medium Enterprises in Developing Countries".
14. UNIDO and the World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002 ,"CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: Implications for Small and Medium Enterprises in Developing Countries", UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Vienna.
15. World Business Council for Sustainable Development ( WBCSD), July 2007,"Promoting SMEs for Sustainable Development", WBCSD.