Campbell, Gareth (2010): Leveraging the British Railway Mania: Derivatives for the Individual Investor.
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During the British Railway Mania of the 1840s the promotion and construction of new railways increased dramatically. These new projects were generally financed by shares with uncalled capital, which allowed investors to make payments on an instalment basis over a period of several years. There is evidence that these assets can be regarded as futures or options, implying that investors were purchasing highly leveraged derivatives. The leverage embedded in these assets multiplied both the positive returns during the boom, and the negative returns during the downturn. It also affected the payment schedule for investors as little capital was required initially, but the subsequent ‘calls for capital’ resulted in deleveraging.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Leveraging the British Railway Mania: Derivatives for the Individual Investor|
|Keywords:||bubbles, financial crises, Railway Mania|
|Subjects:||G - Financial Economics > G1 - General Financial Markets > G12 - Asset Pricing ; Trading Volume ; Bond Interest Rates
N - Economic History > N2 - Financial Markets and Institutions > N23 - Europe: Pre-1913
G - Financial Economics > G1 - General Financial Markets > G13 - Contingent Pricing ; Futures Pricing
G - Financial Economics > G0 - General > G01 - Financial Crises
|Depositing User:||Gareth Campbell|
|Date Deposited:||07. Apr 2010 01:49|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 07:01|
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