Sansani, Shahar (2009): The Effects of School Quality on Long-Term Health.
Download (427kB) | Preview
In this paper I estimate the relationship between school quality and mortality. Although many studies have linked the quantity of education to health outcomes, the effect of school quality on health has yet to be examined. I construct synthetic birth cohorts and relate the quality of education they attained to their mortality rates. I find that there is a statistically significant relationship between the mortality-schooling gradients, which depict the return to a year of schooling, and the length of school term and relative teacher wage. For instance, increasing the relative teacher wage by one standard deviation results in about 1.9 less deaths per 1,000 people per extra year of education. My results suggest that one way to improve the health of the population is to improve school quality.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Effects of School Quality on Long-Term Health|
|Keywords:||quality of education; health production|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I0 - General
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I12 - Health Behavior
|Depositing User:||Shahar Sansani|
|Date Deposited:||19. Apr 2010 17:56|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 03:15|
Almond, D., Chay, K. Y., & Lee, D. S. (2005). The costs of low birth weight. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(3), 1031-1083.
Angrist J. D., & Lavy, V. (1999). Using Maimonides’ rule to estimate the effect of class size on scholastic achievement. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(2), 533-575.
Arendt, J. N. (2005). Does education cause better health? A panel data analysis using school reforms for identification. Economics of Education Review, 24(2), 149-160.
Barsky, R. B., Juster, F. T., Kimball M. S., & Shapiro M. D. (1997). Preference parameters and behavioral heterogeneity: An experimental approach in the health and retirement study. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(2), In Memory of Amos Tversky (1937-1996), 537-579.
Bedard, K. (2003). School quality and the distribution of male earnings in Canada. Economics of Education Review, 22(4), 395-407.
Behrman, J. R., & Rosenzweig, M. R. (2004). Returns to birthweight. Review of Economics and Statistics, 86(2), 586-601.
Berger, M. C., & Leigh, J. P. (1989). Schooling, self-selection, and health. The Journal of Human Resources, 24( 3), 433-455.
Black, S. E. (1999). Do better schools matter? Parental evaluation of elementary education. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114( 2), 577-599.
Black, S. E., Devereux, P. J., & Salvanes, K. G. (2007). From the cradle to the labor market? The effect of birth Weight on adult outcomes. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122(1), 403-439.
Card, D., & Krueger, A. B. (1992). Does school quality matter? Returns to education and the characteristics of public schools in the United States. The Journal of Political Economy, 100( 1), 1-40.
Card, D., & Krueger, A. B. (1998). School resources and student outcomes. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 559(1), The Changing Educational Quality of the Workforce, 39-53.
Cutler, D. M., & Lleras-Muney, A. (2008). Education and health: Evaluating theories and evidence. In R. F. Schoeni, J. S. House, G. A. Kaplan, & H. Pollack (Eds.) Making Americans Healthier: Social and Economic Policy as Health Policy (pp. 29-60). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Dustmann, C., Rajah, N., & van Soest, A. (2003). Class size, education, and wages. The Economic Journal, 113(485), F99-F120.
Fuchs, V. R. (1982). Time preference and health: An exploratory study. In V. Fuchs (ed.) Economic Aspects of Health (pp. 93-119). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Goldman, D., & Lakdawalla, D. (2001). Understanding health disparities across education groups. NBER Working Paper No. 8328.
Goldman, D., & Smith, J. P. (2005). Socioeconomic differences in the adoption of new medical technologies. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 95(2), 234-237.
Goldman, D. P., & Smith, J. P. (2002). Can patient self-management help explain the SES health gradient? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99(16), 10929-10934.
Grabner, M. (2006). Education and obesity: Evidence from compulsory schooling laws. Mimeo, University of California, Davis.
Hanushek, E. A. (1996). School resources and student performance. In G. Burtless (Ed.). Does Money Matter: The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success (pp. 43-73). Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.
Heckman, J., Layne-Farrar, A., & Todd, P. (1996). Does measured school quality really matter? In G. Burtless (Ed.). Does Money Matter: The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success (pp. 192-289). Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.
Heron, M. P., Hoyert, D. L., Xu, J., Scott, C., & Tejada-Vera, B. (2008). National Vital Statistics Reports, 56(16)Table A. URL: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr56/nvsr56_16.pdf (last accessed 3/18/2010)
Hoxby, C. (2000). The effects of class size on student achievement: New evidence from population variation. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115(4), 1239-1285.
Kolata, G. (2007). A surprising secret to a long life: Stay in school,” New York Times, Jan. 3, A.1.
Krueger, A. B. (1999). Experimental estimates of the education production function. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(2), 497-532.
Lleras-Muney, A. (2005). The relationship between education and adult mortality in the United States. The Review of Economic Studies, 72(1), 189-221.
Lleras-Muney, A. (2006). Erratum: The relationship between education and adult mortality in the United States. The Review of Economic Studies,73(3), 847.
Lleras-Muney, A., & Lichtenberg, F. R. (2002). The effect of education on medical technology adoption: Are the more educated more likely to use new drugs? NBER Working Paper No. 9185.
Mazumder, B. (2008). Does education improve health? A reexamination of the evidence from compulsory schooling laws. Economic Perspectives, 32(2), 2-16.
Miniño, A. M., Anderson, R. N., Fingerhut, L. A., Boudreault, M. A., & Warner, M. (2006). National Vital Statistics Report, 54(10), Table A. URL: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr54/nvsr54_10.pdf (last accessed 3/18/2010)
Oreopoulos, P. (2007). Do dropouts drop out too soon? Wealth, health, and happiness from compulsory schooling. Journal of Public Economics, 91(11-12), 2213-2229.
Pritchett, L., & Filmer, D. (1999). What education production functions really show: A positive theory of educational expenditures. Economics of Education Review, 18(2), 223-239.
Ross, C. E., & Wu, C. (1995). The links between education and health. American Sociological Review, 60(5), 719-745.
Ruggles, S., Sobek, M., Alexander T., Fitch, C. A., Goeken, R. , Hall, P. K., King, M., & Ronnander, C. (2004). Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 3.0. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Population Center.
Silles, M. A. (2009). The causal effect of education on health: Evidence from the UK. Economics of Education Review, 28 (1), 122-128.
Smith, J. P. (2004). Unraveling the SES-health connection. The Institute for Fiscal Studies, WP04/02.
Smith, J. P. (2007). Diabetes and the rise of the SES health gradient. NBER Working Paper No. 12905.
Stacey, N. (1998). Social benefits of education. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 559(1), 54-63.
U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Interim State Population Projections, 2005. Internet Release Date: April 21, 2005. URL: www.census.gov/population/projections/MethTab2.xls (last accessed 3/18/2010)
U.S. Census Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, Washington, D.C., (various years).
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Health Expenditures Data, “NHE Web Tables”, Table 1. URL: http://www.cms.hhs.gov/NationalHealthExpendData/downloads/tables.pdf (last accessed 3/18/2010)
U.S. Office of Education. Biennial Survey of Education. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O. (various years).
Zuckerbrod, N., & Trujillo M. (2007). Longer school day under review across nation. The Rock Hill Herald (via Associated Press). Feb. 26, Page 5B.