Garzarelli, Giampaolo and Fontanella, Riccardo (2010): Open Source Software Production, Spontaneous Input, and Organizational Learning.
Download (179kB) | Preview
This work shows that the modular organization of voluntary Open Source Software (OSS) production, whereby programmers supply effort of their accord, capitalizes more on division than on specialization of labor. This is so because voluntary OSS production is characterized by an organizational learning process that dominates the individual one. Organizational learning reveals production choices that would otherwise remain unknown, thereby increasing productivity and indirectly reinforcing incentives to undertake collective problem solving.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Open Source Software Production, Spontaneous Input, and Organizational Learning|
|Keywords:||Division of Labor; Mistake-ridden Learning; Modularity; Open Source Software; Self-selection; Voluntary Production|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L23 - Organization of Production
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D20 - General
L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L17 - Open Source Products and Markets
|Depositing User:||Giampaolo Garzarelli|
|Date Deposited:||30 May 2010 06:34|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2016 09:35|
Ames, Edward, and Nathan Rosenberg 1965. “The Progressive Division and Specialization of Industries,” Journal of Development Studies 1(4): 363-383(July).
Atkinson, Anthony B., and Joseph E. Stiglitz 1969. “A New View of Technological Change,” Economic Journal 79(315): 573-578(September).
Baetjer, Howard Jr. 1998. Software as Capital. An Economic Perspective on Software Engineering. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.
Baldwin, Carliss Y. 2008. “Where Do Transactions Come From? Modularity, Transactions, and the Boundaries of Firms,” Industrial and Corporate Change 17(1): 155-195.
Baldwin, Carliss Y., and Kim B. Clark 2000. Design Rules: The Power of Modularity. Volume I. Cambridge: MIT Press.
David, Paul A. 2004. “Understanding the Emergence of ‘Open Science’ Institutions: Functionalist Economics in Historical Context,” Industrial and Corporate Change 13(4): 571-589.
David, Paul A., and Francesco Rullani 2008. “Dynamics of Innovation in an ‘Open Source’ Collaboration Environment: Lurking, Laboring, and Launching FLOSS Projects on SourceForge,” Industrial and Corporate Change 17(4): 647-710.
Deci, Edward L. 1971. “Effects of Externally Mediated Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation,” Journal of Personal and Social Psychology 18(1): 105-115.
Dosi, Giovanni, and Marco Grazzi 2006. “Technologies as Problem-solving Procedures and Technologies as Input-Output Relations: Some Perspectives on the Theory of Production,” Industrial and Corporate Change 15(1): 173-202.
Feller, Joseph, and Brian Fitzgerald 2002. Understanding Open Source Software Development. London: Addison-Wesley.
Fransman, Martin F. 1994. “Information, Knowledge Vision and Theories of the Firm,” Industrial and Corporate Change 3(3): 713-757.
Frenken, Koen, Luigi Marengo, and Marco Valente 1999. “Interdependencies, Near-decomposability and Adaptation,” in Thomas Brenner, ed., Computational Techniques for Modeling Learning in Economics. Dordrecth: Kluwer: 145-165.
Frey, Bruno S. 1997. “On the Relationship between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Work Motivation,” International Journal of Industrial Organization 15(4): 427-439(July).
Garzarelli, Giampaolo 2008. “The Organizational Approach of Capability Theory,” Review of Political Economy 20(3): 443-453(July).
Garzarelli, Giampaolo, Yasmina Reem Limam, and Bjørn Thomassen 2008. “Open Source Software and Economic Growth: A Classical Division of Labor Perspective,” Information Technology for Development 14(2): 116-135(Spring).
Georgescu-Roegen, Nicholas 1970. “The Economics of Production,” American Economic Review 60(2): 1-9(May).
Giuri, Paola, Matteo Ploner, Francesco Rullani, and Salvatore Torrisi 2010. “Skills, Division of Labor and Performance in Collective Inventions. Evidence from Open Source Software,” International Journal of Industrial Organization 28(1): 54-68(January).
Hayek, Friedrich A. von 1937. “Economics and Knowledge,” Economica 4(13): 33-54(February).
Hayek, Friedrich A. von 1945. “The Use of Knowledge in Society,” American Economic Review 35(4): 519-530(September).
Hayek, Friedrich A. von 1978. New Studies in Philosophy, Politics, Economics and the History of Ideas. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Houthakker, Hendrik S. 1956. “Economics and Biology: Specialization and Speciation,” Kyklos 9(2): 181-189.
Jensen, Michael C., and William H. Meckling 1992. “Specific and General Knowledge, and Organizational Structure,” in W. Lars and H. Wijkander (eds.), Contract Economics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell: 251-274.
Knight, Frank H. 1967. The Economic Organization (with an article Notes on Cost and Utility). New York: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers (Reprints of Economic Classics). First edition privately printed in 1933; first published 1951.
Kogut, Bruce, and Anca Metiu 2001. “Open Source Software Development and Distributed Innovation,” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 17(2): 248-264.
Langlois, Richard N., and Pierre Garrouste 1997. “Cognition, Redundancy, and Learning in Organizations,” Economics of Innovation and New Technology 4(4): 287-299.
Langlois, Richard N., and Giampaolo Garzarelli 2008. “Of Hackers and Hairdressers: Modularity and the Organizational Economics of Open-source Collaboration,” Industry and Innovation 15(2): 125-143(April).
Leijonhufvud, Axel 1986. “Capitalism and the Factory System,” in Richard N. Langlois, ed., Economics as a Process: Essays in the New Institutional Economics. New York: Cambridge University Press: 203-223.
Leijonhufvud, Axel 2007. “The Individual, the Market, and the Division of Labor in Society,” Capitalism and Society 2(2): Article 3.
Machlup, Fritz 1983. “Semantic Quirks in the Theory of Information,” in F. Machlup and U. Mansfield (eds.), The Study of Information: Interdisciplinary Messages, New York, John Wiley: 641-671.
March, James G. 1991. “Exploration and Exploitation in Organizational Learning,” Organization Science 2(1): 71-87(February).
Marshall, Alfred 1994[1867-8]. “Ye Machine,” reprinted, as edited by Tiziano Raffaelli, in Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, Archival Supplement 4: 116-32.
Marshall, Alfred 1961. Principles of Economics (ninth [variorum] edition, with annotations by C. W. Guillebaud), Volume I. London: Macmillan.
Miller, Mark S. and K. Eric Drexler 1988. “Markets and Computation: Agoric Open Systems,” in Huberman, B. A. (ed.), The Ecology of Computation. Amsterdam: North-Holland: 133-76. Online version (last accessed May 1, 2010): http://e-drexler.com/d/09/00/AgoricsPapers/agoricpapers/aos/aos.0.html.
Mises, Ludwig von 1960. Epistemological Problems of Economics, Princeton, New Jersey, Toronto, New York and London: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. Translated by George Reisman. Originally published 1933.
Murdock, Ian 2003. “Debian: A Brief Retrospective,” (last accessed April 26, 2010) http://www.linuxplanet.com/linuxplanet/editorials/4959/1/.
Osterloh, Margit, and Rota, Sandra G. 2004. “Open-source Software Development – Just Another Case of Collective Invention?” Working Paper, University of Zurich (March). Available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=561744.
Parnas, David Lorge 1972. “On the Criteria to be Used in Decomposing Systems into Modules,” Communications of the ACM 15(12): 1053-1058(December).
Raymond, Eric S. 2001. The Cathedral and the Bazaar. Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary (revised edition). Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly & Associates, Inc.
Richardson, G. B. 1960. Information and Investment. A Study in the Working of the Competitive Economy. London: Oxford University Press.
Rosenberg, Nathan 1969. “The Direction of Technological Change: Inducement Mechanisms and Focusing Devices,” Economic Development and Cultural Change 18(1): 1-24(Part 1, October).
Simon, Herbert A. 1998. “The Architecture of Complexity: Hierarchic Systems,” in Idem, The Sciences of the Artificial, 3rd edition, second printing. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press: 183-216. Originally published in 1962, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 106(6): 467-82(December).
Smith, Adam 1981. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (two volumes). Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. First published 1776.
Stiglitz, Joseph E. 1987. “Learning to Learn, Localized Learning and Technological Progress,” in Partha Dasgupta and Paul Stoneman, eds., Economic Policy and Technological Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 125-153.
Williamson, Oliver E. 1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: The Free Press.
Winter, Sidney G. 2005. “Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Production,” in Kurt Dopfer, ed., The Evolutionary Foundations of Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 223-254.