Bakshi, Sanjeev and Pathak, Prasanta (2010): Who works at older ages? the correlates of economic activity and temporal changes in their effects: evidences from India.
Download (719kB) | Preview
India is an ageing population. A large informal sector provides ample scope to absorb human resources even at older ages. Therefore, like other developing countries a large proportion of older adults in India lead an economically active life. The present study investigates the association of various factors namely, gender, household per capita monthly expenditure, place of residence, education, marital status, age etc. with the state of being economically active. For this purpose three nationally representative samples that were collected as a part of the national sample survey (NSS) are utilized. These samples represent the older adult population of India during the periods 1986-87, 1995-96 and 2004. The logistic regression models are then applied to estimate the effects of all these factors. These effects are analyzed and changes in these effects are compared over time points. In a nutshell the states of the variables that are conducive to being economically active are being male, residing in rural areas and lower educational levels. Ill health on the other hand adversely affects the probability of being economically active. The study emphasizes the need for taking care of the health needs of the older adults to help them remain active for longer duration.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Who works at older ages? the correlates of economic activity and temporal changes in their effects: evidences from India|
|Keywords:||ageing; economic activity; older adults|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J14 - Economics of the Elderly ; Economics of the Handicapped ; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics
|Depositing User:||Sanjeev Bakshi|
|Date Deposited:||12. Jun 2010 11:15|
|Last Modified:||08. Mar 2015 02:15|
Audinarayana, N., 2001. Factors affecting the work participation of elderly: an empirical investigation. Demography India, 30(1), pp. 61-72.
Chen, A. J., and Jones, G. W., 1989. Ageing in ASEAN: Its socio-economic consequences. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Choe, E. H., 1989. Population ageing in the republic of Korea. Bangkok, Thailand: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. (Asian Population Studies Series no. 97.)
D’Souza, Victor S., 1989. The situation of aging in India. Country Study Prepared for ESCAP, Bangkok.
Devi, D. Radha, 1983. Work participation of older persons in India: some hypotheses examined. In Srinivasan, K., and Mukerji, S. (eds), Dynamics of Population and Family Welfare, Himalaya Publishing House, Bombay, pp. 411-425.
Devi, D. Radha, and Audinarayana, N., 1984. Economic Development and Work Force Participation in India. Bombay, UPS(Mimeo).
Devi, D. Radha, 1992. Work participation of the aged in India. In Krishnan, P., and Mahadevan, K. (eds), The Elderly Population in Developed and Developing World: Policies Problems and Perspectives, B. R. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, pp. 424-443.
Dinesh, B. Manjeshwar, and Rayappa, P. Hanumantha, 1983. The aged and their work status in rural areas. Demography India, XII(1), pp. 38-51.
Nasir, Z. M. and Ali, S. M., 2000. Labour market participation of the elderly. The Pakistan Development Review, 39(4), pp. 1075-1086.
Perera, P. D. A., 1989. Emerging issues of population ageing in Sri Lanka. Bangkok, Thailand: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. (Asian Population Studies Series no. 98.)
Pethe, V. P., 1982. Problems of ageing population: Issues in perception research and policy. Demography India, XI(2), pp. 183-191.
Irudaya Rajan, S., Mishra, U. S., and Sarma, P. S., 1999. India’s Elderly: Burden or Challenge, New Delhi, Sage Publications.
Irudaya Rajan, S., 2007. Population ageing, health and social security in India. Discussion Paper no.3, Center for Research on Economic Inequality (CREI), Graduate School of Economics, Osaka City University.
Shantakumar, G., 1994. The aged population of Singapore. Census of Population, 1990, Monograph no. 1, Singapore National printers Ltd. Singapore.
Standing, Guy, 1978. Labour force participation and development. Geneva, ILO.
Uppal, S. and Sarma, S., 2007. Aging, health and labour market activity: The case of India. World Health and Population, 9(4), pp. 79-97.
Yadava, K. N. S., Yadava, S. S. and Sharma, C. L. N., 1996. A study of socioeconomic factors and behavioural problems of the aged persons in rural northern India. Demography India, 25(1), pp. 21-34.