Giang, Long Thanh and Pfau, Wade Donald (2009): A Gender Perspective on Elderly Work in Vietnam.
Download (264kB) | Preview
Using data from the Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey (VHLSS) in 2006, this paper analyzes the current working status of the Vietnamese elderly and identifies the determinants of working status differentiated by gender. In general, our estimated results from various logit models show that, regardless of gender, older elderly, elderly living in northern and southern regions and urban areas, in households with more working-age people, in households receiving social security benefits, and in households with higher income tended to work less than did other elderly groups. Educational level and remittance receipt did not have any significant impact on elderly work. We also find that male elderly are more likely to work than females, but that the determinants of working status do not vary greatly by gender. Based on these findings, we formulate policy priorities toward the elderly, in which we emphasize the importance of policies to implement a comprehensive social security scheme to cope with an expected aging population, as well as to create jobs for working-age people in the still relatively young country.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A Gender Perspective on Elderly Work in Vietnam|
|Keywords:||elderly work, gender, Vietnam|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J14 - Economics of the Elderly ; Economics of the Handicapped ; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender ; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Wade D. Pfau|
|Date Deposited:||14. Sep 2010 01:33|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 01:57|
Baulch, B., T. K. C. Truong, D. Haughton, and J. Haughton. 2002. “Ethnic Minority Development in Vietnam: A Socioeconomic Perspective”. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2836. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Bui, T. C., S. A. Truong, D. Goodkind, J. Knodel, and J. Friedman. 1999. “Vietnamese Elderly amidst Transformations of Social Welfare Policy.” Population Studies Center (PSC) Research Report No. 99-436. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.
Deaton, A. 1997. The Analysis of Household Surveys: A Microeconometric Approach to Development Policy. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
Evans, M., I. Gough, S. Harkness, A. McKay, T. H. Dao, and L. T. N. Do. 2007. “The Relationship between Old Age and Poverty in Viet Nam”. United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Vietnam Policy Dialogue Paper 2007-08. Hanoi, Vietnam: UNDP Vietnam.
Friedman, J., D. Goodkind, T. C. Bui, and S. A. Truong. 2001. “Work and Retirement among the Elderly in Vietnam.” Research on Aging, 23(2):209-232.
Giang, T. L, and W. D. Pfau. 2007. “The Elderly Population in Vietnam during Economic Transformation: An Overview.” Pp. 185-210 in Social Issues under Economic Transformation and Integration in Vietnam, Volume 1, edited by Giang T. L. and Duong K. H. Hanoi, Vietnam: Vietnam Development Forum.
Giang, T. L, and W. D. Pfau. 2007. “Patterns and Determinants of Living Arrangements for the Elderly in Vietnam”. Pp. 147-176 in Social Issues under Economic Transformation and Integration in Vietnam, Volume 2, edited by Giang T. L. Hanoi, Vietnam: The Publishing House of Social Labour.
Giang, L. T., and W. D. Pfau. "The Vulnerability of the Elderly to Poverty: Determinants and Policy Implications for Vietnam," Asian Economic Journal. Vol. 23, No. 4 (December 2009), p. 419-437.
Giang, Thanh Long, and Wade D. Pfau. "An Exploration of a Non-contributory Pension Scheme in Vietnam," in Aris Ananta and Evi Nurvidya Arifin (eds.) Older Persons in Southeast Asia - An Emerging Asset. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asia Studies. (2009), p. 140-164.
Giang, Thanh Long, and Wade D. Pfau. "Aging, Poverty, and the Role of Social Pensions in Vietnam," Development and Change. Vol. 40, No. 2 (March 2009), p. 333-360.
Institute for Labour Science and Social Affairs (ILSSA) and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). 2007. “Assessment on Social Pension for the Elderly Persons in Vietnam”. Unpublished report by ILSSA and UNFPA, Hanoi (October).
Le, B. D., N. A. Dang, T. H. Khuat, H. T. Le, and R. L. Bach. 2005. Social Protection for the Most Needy in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: World Publishing House.
Ministry of Labour, War Invalids, and Social Affairs, Vietnam (MOLISA). 2005. “Mot so tinh hinh va so lieu ve nguoi cao tuoi o Vietnam” (The Current Situation and Data on the Elderly People in Vietnam), MOLISA Department of Social Protection, mimeo. Hanoi, Vietnam: MOLISA.
National Assembly’s Committee for Social Affairs, Vietnam (NACSA). 2006. Bao cao ket qua giam sat thuc hien chinh sach, phap luat ve nguoi cao tuoi, nguoi tan tat, dan so (Report on Monitoring and Implementing Policies and Regulations on the Elderly, the Disables, and Population). Hanoi, Vietnam: Publishing House of Social Labour.
Pfau, W. D, and T. L. Giang. 2008. “Gender and Remittance Flows in Vietnam during Economic Transformation”, Asia Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 23, No. 1: 13-32.
Pham, Q. H. 2007. “Social Protection for Internal Migrants in Vietnam.” Pp. 123-146 in Social Issues under Economic Transformation and Integration in Vietnam, Volume 2, edited by Giang T. L. Hanoi, Vietnam: Publishing House of Social Labour.
Schwarz, A. 2003. “Old Age Security and Social Pensions,” World Bank Social Protection Department, mimeo. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Tran, D. D. 2007. “Micro-determinants of Household Welfare, Social Welfare, and Inequality in Vietnam”. Pp. 151-184 in Social Issues under Economic Transformation and Integration in Vietnam, Volume 1, edited by Giang T. L. and Duong K. H. Hanoi, Vietnam: Vietnam Development Forum.
United Nations. 2007. World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision Population Database. Retrieved August 30, 2008 (http://esa.un.org/unpp/).
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA). 2007. World Economic and Social Survey 2007: Development in an Ageing World. New York: United Nations.