Giang, Thanh Long and Pfau, Wade Donald (2007): The Elderly Population in Vietnam during Economic Transformation: An Overview. Published in: Social Issues Under Economic Transformation and Integration in Vietnam , Vol. 1, (2007): pp. 185-210.
Download (582kB) | Preview
Many studies have suggested that, under the context of high economic growth and strong flows of laborers from rural to urban areas, living arrangements of the elderly people, particularly elderly women, and familial relations will be more vulnerable to a variety of social and economic risks. This paper, using the Vietnam (Household) Living Standard Surveys from 1993 to 2004, will examine the issue by decomposing the elderly population in Vietnam in association with various aspects of aging. With an investigation of numerous variables such as education, household living arrangements, and housing conditions, it is found that familial relations have been maintained strongly in Vietnam, although social and economic contexts have changed rapidly since Doi moi. We find a relatively high proportion of elderly people living with their children, particularly married sons. In addition, they are not simply dependents in the households; conversely, they are still contributing to the households in various ways. The detailed decomposition of data on the elderly people, however, shows that women have certain disadvantages in comparison with men due to lower education, higher levels of widowhood and living alone. There is also a big disparity gap between elderly people living in urban and rural areas, and between regions in term of poverty. Another striking finding is that, during the past decade, poverty rates of the elderly people were actually lower than that of nonelderly people, and the highest poverty rates occurred with very young or very old people. This situation indicates a necessity for promoting social welfare policies from the government.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Elderly Population in Vietnam during Economic Transformation: An Overview|
|Keywords:||elderly population; gender; household living standard survey; Vietnam|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J14 - Economics of the Elderly ; Economics of the Handicapped ; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender ; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Wade D. Pfau|
|Date Deposited:||13. Sep 2010 06:10|
|Last Modified:||31. Dec 2015 01:10|
Babieri, M. (2006). Doi moi and the Elderly: Intergenerational Support under Strain of Reforms. Paper prepared for presentation at the 2006 Population of America Association Meeting, Los Angeles, March 30 - April 1, 2006.
Barrientos, A. (2006). “Poverty Reduction: The Missing Piece of Pension Reform in Latin America”, Social Policy & Administration, Vol. 40, No. 4, August 2006, pp. 369-384.
Bui The Cuong, Truong Si Anh, Daniel Goodkind, John Knodel, and Jed Friedman (1999). “Vietnamese Elderly amidst Transformations of Social Welfare Policy”. Research Report No.99-436, Population Studies Center, University of Michigan.
Chen, Chao-Nan. (1998). “Changes of Living Arrangements and Its Consequences among the Elderly in Taiwan”, Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(C), Vol. 9, No. 2, 364-375.
Friedman, J., Knodel, J., Bui The Cuong, and Truong Si Anh (2002). “Gender and Intergenerational Exchange in Vietnam”. PSC Research Report No.02-529, Population Studies Center (PSC), University of Michigan.
General Statistics Office of Vietnam (GSO). (2004a). “General Introduction of Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey 2002 (VHLSS2002)”. (mimeo).
_______. (2004b). “Main Differences between VLSS 1992/1993, VLSS 1997/1998, and VHLSS 2001/2002”. (mimeo).
Grosh, M. E., and Glewwe, P. (1998). “Data Watch: The World Bank’s Living Standards Measurement Study Household Surveys”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Winter 1998), pp.187-196.
Gorman, M. (2004). Age and Security, HelpAge International, London, the UK.
Hirschman, C., and Vu Manh Loi (1996). “Family and Household Structure in Vietnam: Some Glimpses from a Recent Survey”. Pacific Affairs, Summer 1996.
Knodel, J., and Napaporn Chayovan (1997). “Family Support and Living Arrangements of Thai Elderly”. Asia-Pacific Population Journal 12(4), December 1997.
Knodel, J., Friedman, J., Truong Si Anh, and Bui The Cuong (2000). “Intergenerational Exchanges in Vietnam: Family Size, Sex Composition, and the Location of Children”. Population Studies, Vol. 54, No. 1 (Mar., 2000): 89-104.
Knodel J., and Truong Si Anh (2002). “Vietnam’s Older Population: The View from Census”. PSC Research Report No.02-523, Population Studies Center (PSC), Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
Le Bach Duong, Dang Nguyen Anh, Khuat Thu Hong, Le Hoai Trung, and Robert Leroy Bach. (2005). Social Protection for the Most Needy in Vietnam, The World Publishing House, Hanoi.
Mason, K. O. (1992). “Family Change and Support of the Elderly in Asia: What do We Know?”, Asia Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 7, No. 3 (1992), 13-32. Retrieved from http://www.unescap.org/ESID/psis/population/journal/1992/v07n3a2.htm on June 11, 2006
Schwarz, A. (2003). “Old Age Security and Social Pensions”, Social Protection, the World Bank, mimeo.
Truong Si Anh, Bui The Cuong, Daniel Goodkind, and John Knodel (1997). “Living Arrangements, Patrilinelity, and Sources of Support among Elderly Vietnamese”. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.12, No. 4, December 1997: 69-88. Retrieved from http://www.unescap.org/esid/psis/population/journal/1997/v12n4a5.htm on June 11, 2006
United Nations. (2004). World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision Population Database. Retrieved from http://esa.un.org/unpp/index.asp?panel=1 on June 11, 2006.
World Bank. (2000). “Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VNLSS), 1992-1993: Basic Information”. Poverty and Human Resources Division, the World Bank. (Updated from 1994 version)
_______. (2001). “Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS), 1997-1998: Basic Information”. Poverty and Human Resources Division, the World Bank.
_______. (2005). “The 2002 and 2004 Vietnam Living Standards Surveys (VHLSS 2002 and 2004)”. Presentation to introduce two surveys by the World Bank Vietnam. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org.vn/data/VHLSS2002_2004.ppt
Zimmer, Z., and Kim, S., K. (2001). “Living Arrangements and Socio-Demographic Conditions of Older Adults in Cambodia”, Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 16: 353-381