Steiner, Bodo and Ali, Jolene (2009): Regional food clusters and government support for clustering: Evidence for a ‘dynamic food innovation cluster’ in Alberta, Canada?
Download (417kB) | Preview
Location-based clusters and virtual cluster configurations have received significant attention from policymakers due to their potential implications on productivity, innovation and regional growth. This paper presents a short review of studies that have analyzed clustering activity in the food sectors of several countries. The key insights from these studies with regard to the underlying factors for clustering success are contrasted with empirical evidence from the food processing sector of Alberta, Canada. This includes the presentation of results from an exploratory firm-level survey on government support for clustering activity in Alberta’s food. Considering the level of government support for innovation, the limited access to supporting business infrastructure, and the lack of effective networking between industry stakeholders, we find little evidence for an emerging innovation cluster in Alberta’s food industry.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Regional food clusters and government support for clustering: Evidence for a ‘dynamic food innovation cluster’ in Alberta, Canada?|
|Keywords:||regional clusters, food processing, government support for innovation, Canada|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O18 - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis ; Housing ; Infrastructure
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
|Depositing User:||Bodo Steiner|
|Date Deposited:||01. Nov 2010 00:31|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 04:05|
AAFRD (2006) Agri-Food Statistics Update, Issue No.102, April 7, 2006, http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/sdd10741/$file/agrifoodupdate102.pdf?OpenElement, accessed 07/19/2006.
AAF (2008) New Alberta Agriculture and Food Workforce strategy – June 2007, http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/newslett.nsf/all/fns11719/$FILE/ FoodNewsJun07.pdf, accessed September 14, 2008.
AAFRD (2008) Alberta Agri-Food Quick Stats - December, 2008, http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/sdd12463, accessed January 13, 2009.
AARI (2006) http://www.aari.ab.ca/sec/abo/abo_001_1.cfm, accessed 07/12/ 2006.
ACIDF (2008) Automation and Productivity Pilot Initiative, http://www.acidf.ca/files/bplan/App9_automation_080610.pdf, accessed September 13, 2008.
AFC (2008) Agriculture and Food Council, http://www.agfoodcouncil.com/welcome.aspx, accessed September 23, 2008.
AFPABD (2007) Alberta Food Processors Association Business Directory, http://www.agric.gov.ab.ca/app68/foodindustry, initially accessed 03/19/2005.
AFRD (2006) http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/fpdc5012, accessed 06/12/2006.
Ahuja, G. and C. M. Lampert (2001) Entrepreneurship in the large corporation: a longitudinal study of how established firms create breakthrough inventions, Strategic Management Journal, 22: 521-543
Alberta Government (2006a) Advantage Report Winter 2006, http://www.alberta-canada.com/stp/pdf/AdvantageReport_Jan2006.pdf, accessed 07/18/2006. Alberta Government (2006b) Alberta’s Tax Advantage, http://www.finance.gov.ab.ca/business/tax_rebates/index.html, accessed 11/23/2006.
Alberta Government (2006c) Proposed strategy addresses skill and labour shortages, January 31, 2006, http://www.gov.ab.ca/home/index.cfm?Page=1320, accessed 07/19/ 2006.
Audretsch and Feldman (1996) R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production, American Economic Review, 86 (3): 630-640.
AVAC (2006) http://www.avacltd.com/, accessed 07/01/2006.
Aylward, D. and J. Glynn (2006) SME Innovation within the Australian wine industry: A Cluster analysis, University of Wollongong, Faculty of Commerce, Paper No.60.
Baldwin J, and P. Hanel (2000) Multinationals and the Canadian Innovation Process. Statistics Canada, Research Paper No.151, pp. 84.
Baldwin, J. and D. Sabourin (1998) Technology adoption: a comparison between Canada and theUnited States, Paper No.119, Micro-Economic Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa. 35
Baldwin, J, Sabourin, D. and D. Smith (2004) Firm performance in the Canadian food Processing sector: The interaction between ICT, advanced technology use and human resource competencies, in: OECD (ed.) The economic impact of ICT: Measurement, evidence and implications, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, p. 153-181.
Baldwin, J. and D. Sabourin (2000) Innovative activity in Canadian food processing establishments: the importance of engineering practices, International Journal of Technology Management, 20(5-8): 511-527.
Bergman E. M. and E. J. Feser (1999), Industry Clusters: A Methodology and Framework For Regional Development Policy in the United States”, in OECD (1999) Boosting Innovation: theCluster Approach, Paris, OECD Publications. Blien, U. and G. Maier (2008) The Economics of Regional Clusters: Networks, Technology and Policy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Cabral, J. and B. Traill (2001) Determinants of a firm’s likelihood to innovate and intensity of innovation in the Brazilian food industry. Chain and Network Science 1(1): 33-42.
Callahan, J. and S. Muegge (2003) Venture Capital's Role in Innovation: Issues, Research and Stakeholder Interests, in: L. Shavinina (ed.) The International Handbook on Innovation, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, p.641-663.
Castilla, E., Hwang, H., Granovetter, E. and M. Granovetter (2004) Social Networks in Silicon Valley, in: The Silicon Valley Edge: A Habitat for Innovation and Entrepreneurship, chp. 11: 218-408, Stanford University. Clancy, P., O’Malley, E., O’Connell, L. and C. Van Egeraat (1998). Culliton’s Clusters: Still the Way to Go?, in: National Economic and Social Council, Sustaining Competitive Advantage: Proceedings of NESC Seminar, Research Series, National Economic and Social Council, Dublin.
Conference Board of Canada (2005) Alberta Industrial Outlook: Machinery Manufacturing, November 2005, pp. 29, Ottawa. Cooke, P. (2005) Regionally asymmetric knowledge capabilities and open innovation Exploring ‘Globalisation 2’—A new model of industry organization, Research Policy, 34: 1128–1149.
Dachraoui, K. and T. Harchaoui (2003) A Frontier Approach to Canada-U.S. Multifactor Productivity Performance. Statistics Canada: Ottawa. p. 31.
Darmon, E. and D. Torre (2004) Professional communities and the role of internet in innovative partnerships, Séminaire Communautés Médiatées, C.N.A.M. Laboratoire d'Econométrie, Paris, November 16–17 2004
EEDC (2006) Edmonton Economic Development Corporation, Industry Clusters, http://www.edmonton.com/business/page.asp?page=43, accessed 07/19/2006.
Earl, L. and F. Gault (2006) National Innovation Indicators And Policy, Edward Elgar, Aldershot, 241p.
Feser, E. (2002) The Relevance of Clusters for Innovation Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. www.urban.uiuc.edu/faculty/feser/PUBS/Relevance%20of%20clusters.pdf, accessed July 27, 2008. 36
Feser, E. and M. Luger (2003) Cluster analysis as a mode of inquiry: Its use in science and technology policymaking in North Carolina. European Planning Studies 11(1): 11- 24.
Feser, E. (2008) On building clusters versus leveraging synergies in the design of innovation policy for developing economies, in: Blien, U. and G. Maier (eds.) The Economics of Regional Clusters: Networks, Technology and Policy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, p. 185-207.
Gera, S. Roy, R. and S. Thitima (2006) The role of benchmarks and targets in Canadian innovation policy, in: Earl, L. and F. Gault (eds.) National Innovation, Indicators and Policy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, p.24-68.
Giuliani, E. (2007) The selective nature of knowledge networks in clusters: evidence from the wine industry, Journal of Economic Geography, 7 (2007): 139–168.
Glavan, B. (2008) Coordination Failures, Cluster Theory, and Entrepreneurship: A Critical View, Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 11(1): 43-59.
Graf, H. (2007) Networks in the Innovation Process: Local and Regional Interactions, Edward Elgar, Aldershot, 224p.
Henderson V, Kuncoro A. and M. Turner (1995) Industrial development of cities. Journal of Political Economy 103(4): 1067–1090.
Hickton, C. (2004) Social Capital in the Okanagan Wine Industry. Working Paper prepared for the ISRN National Meeting in Vancouver, University of Toronto, May 2004.
Holbrook, J., Hughes, L. and J. Finch (1999) Characteristics of Innovation in a Non- Metropolitan Area: The Okanagan Valley of British Columbia, CPROST Report No. 99-01, Simon Fraser University, BC.
Holbrook, J. and D. Wolfe (2004) The Innovation Systems Research Network (ISRN): A Canadian Experiment in Knowledge Management, Centre for Policy Research on Science and Technology, Mimeo, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
Jensen, M., and W. Meckling (1976) Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure, Journal of Financial Economics 3: 305–360.
Josty, P. and M. Godin (2005) Alberta Innovation Scorecard 2005, Report prepared by THECIS, The Centre for Innovation Studies, Calgary, Alberta. Kaufmann, A., Lehner, P. and F. Tödling (2003) Effects of the Internet on the spatial structure of innovation networks, Information Economics and Policy, 15, p. 402-424.
Krakar, E. and K. Longtin (2005) An overview of the Canadian agriculture and agri-food system, Research and Analysis Directorate Strategic Policy Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection/A38-1-1-2005E.pdf, accessed May 26, 2007.
Lagnevik, M., Sjoholm, I., Lareke, A. and J. Ostberg (2003) The Dynamics of Innovation Clusters: A Study of the Food Industry. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham.
Lemmens, C. (2004) Innovation in technology alliance networks. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited: Cheltenhan UK. p. 139. Liyanage, S. (1995) Breeding innovation clusters through collaborative research networks. Technovation 15(9): 553-567. 37
Martin, S. and J. Scott (2000) The nature of innovation market failure and the design of public support for private innovation. Research Policy 29: 437–447.
Maskell, P. and L. Kebir (2005) What Qualifies as a Cluster Theory?, DRUID Working Paper No. 05-09, Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
Munn-Venn, T. and R. Voyer (2004) Clusters of opportunity, clusters of risk. The Conference Board of Canada: Ottawa. pp. 32.
O’Malley, E. and C. Van Egeraat (2000) Industry clusters and Irish indigenous manufacturing: Limits of the Porter view, The Economic and Social Review, (31)1: 55-79.
Passiante, G. and G. Secundo (2002) From geographical innovation clusters towards virtual innovation clusters: the Innovation Virtual System, Paper presented at the ERSA Conference 2002, Dortmund, Germany, 27-31 August.
Phillips, P. (2002) Regional Systems of Innovation as a Modern R&D Entrepot: The Case of the Saskatoon Biotechnology Cluster, in: Chrisman, J., Adam, J., Holbrook, D. and J. Chua (eds.) Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Family Business and Economic Development: A Western Canadian Perspective, University of Calgary Press, Calgary.
Pitelis, C., Sugden, R., and J. R. Wilson (2006) Clusters and Globalisation: The Development of Urban and Regional Economies, Edward Elgar, Aldershopt, 321p.
Porter, M. (1990) The Competitive Advantage of Nations, Macmillan, London.
Porter, M. (1998) Clusters and the new economics of competition. Harvard Business Review Nov-Dec: 77-90.
Porter, M. (2000) Location, Competition, and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy, Economic Development Quarterly, 14 (1):15-34.
Porter, M., Ketels, C., Miller, K. and R. Bryden (2004) Competitiveness in Rural US Regions: Learning and Research Agenda, Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, Mass.
Preissl, B. (2003) Innovation clusters: combining physical and virtual links, Discussion paper 359, German Institute of Economic Research, DIW Berlin.
Preissl, B. and L. Solimene (2003) The Dynamics of Clusters and Innovation: Beyond Systems and Networks, Physica Verlag, Berlin. Prevezer, M. (1997) The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering in Biotechnology, Small Business Economics 9: 255–271.
Rousseau, D., Sitkin, S., Burt, R. and C. Camerer (1998). Not so different after all: A cross-discipline view of trust. The Academy of Management Review, 23: 393-404.
Statistics Canada (2005) Canadian Industry Statistics, http://strategis.ic.gc.ca/canadian_industry_statistics/cis.nsf/IDE/cis311este.html, accessed 07/18/2006.
Stuart, T. and Sorenson, O. (2003) The geography of opportunity: spatial heterogeneity in founding rates and the performance of biotechnology firms, Research Policy, 32(2): 229–253.
Teece, D. (1986) Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy, Research Policy, 15: 285-305.
Utterback, J. (1994) Mastering the dynamics of innovation, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA. 38
WEDC (2006) Government of Canada and Government of Alberta Announce $30.5 Million Worth of Joint Projects, http://www.wd-deo.gc.ca/eng/77_2922.asp, accessed July 28, 2006.
WEDC (2008) Western Canada's life sciences cluster, Western Economic Diversification Canada (WEDC), http://www.wd.gc.ca/eng/10362.asp, accessed November 25, 2008.
Wicks, A., Berman, S., and T. Jones (1999) The structure of optimal trust: Moral and strategic implications, The Academy of Management Review 24: 99–116.
Wolfe, D. (2003) Clusters old and new the transition to a knowledge economy in Canada’s regions. McGill-Queen’s University Press: Montreal. pp. 238.
Wolfe, D. (2006) Embedded clusters in a global context: Findings from the ISRN research initiative, Presented to the 8th Annual Meeting of the Innovation Systems Research Network Kingbridge Centre, King City, May 4, 2006