Goodwin, Neva R. (2000): Development connections: The hedgerow model. Published in: (2000): pp. 50-76.
Download (229kB) | Preview
This is chapter 3 of the book "Rethinking Sustainability: Power, Knowledge and Institutions" by Jonathan M. Harris (ed). Effective development usually must involve both the elite and the most needy within any particular society—these two groups being seen not as polar types but as the opposite ends of a spectrum that runs continuously between them. The form of that involvement must include connections that allow for the free exchange of information between the two ends of the spectrum. These connections must also facilitate flows of power and physical resources. It is sometimes assumed that these must be asymmetrical flows, going primarily from those who have the greatest access to power and other resources, to those who have least access. However, within this overall context, under certain circumstances there is development value in flows that are equalized by the market—where the poor either pay for what they get, or sell what they make at a market price. All of these flows have the best chance of occurring when the connections are made via intermediaries—social entities who generally have less access to resources than the elite, but more than the most needy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Development connections: The hedgerow model|
|Keywords:||economic development; elites; pro-poor development|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors ; Shadow Economy ; Institutional Arrangements
|Depositing User:||Neva Goodwin|
|Date Deposited:||05 Feb 2011 14:54|
|Last Modified:||22 Jan 2017 15:01|
Bouman, F. J. A. (1996) Rotating and Accumulating Savings and Credit Associations:A Development Perspective. World Development 23, no. 3.
Carroll, Thomas F. (1992) Intermediary NGOs: The Supporting Link in Grassroots Development. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press.
Clark, John (1995) The State, Popular Participation, and the Voluntary Sector. World Development 23, no. 4: 593–602.
Goodwin, Neva R., ed. (1996) As If the Future Mattered: Translating Social and Economic Theory into Human Behavior. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. (Vol. 1 in the series Evolving Values for a Capitalist World, of which the present book is vol. 3.)
Gupta, Geeta Rao, and EllenWeiss (1993) Women and AIDS: Developing a New Health Strategy. ICRW Policy Series, no. 1. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.
Johnston, Bruce F., and William C. Clark (1982) Redesigning Rural Development: A Strategic Perspective. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Mehra, Rekha, Annelies Drost-Maasry, and Ruba Rahman (1995) Financing Poor Women: The Record, the Prospects.Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.
Meyer, Carrie A. (1995) Opportunism and NGOs: Entrepreneurship and Green North-South Transfers. World Development 23, no. 8: 1277–90.
Northrop, Michael F., Peter W. Riggs, and Frances A. Raymond (1995) Selling Solar: Financing Household Solar Energy in the Developing World. Pocantico Paper no. 2; the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, New York, NY.
Pretty, Jules N., and Robert Chambers (1993) Towards a Learning Paradigm: New Professionalism and Institutions for Agriculture. London: Institute for Development Studies Discussion Paper no. 334.
Saito, Katrina A., and Daphne Spurling (1992) Development Agricultural Extension for Women Farmers. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Scott, Roy V. (1970) The Reluctant Farmer: The Rise of Agricultural Extension to 1914. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Seckler, David (1996) Economic Regimes, Strategic Investments, and Entrepreneurial Enterprises: Notes toward a Theory of Economic Development. In Neva R. Goodwin, ed., As If the Future Mattered: Translating Social and Economic Theory into Human Behavior. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.
Sen, Amartya (1993) Capability and Well-Being. In Martha C. Nussbaum and Amartya Sen, eds., The Quality of Life. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Serageldin, Ismail (1995) Nurturing Development: Aid and Cooperation in Today’s Changing World. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Streeten, Paul (1981) First Things First: Meeting Basic Needs in the Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press.
Streeten, Paul (1995) Thinking about Development. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sumberg, James, and Christine Okali (1997) Farmers’ Experiments: Creating Local Knowledge. London and Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Tendler, Judith (1993a) New Lessons from Old Projects: The Workings of Rural Development in Northeast Brazil. Washington, DC: World Bank Operations Evaluation Department.
Tendler, Judith (1993b) Tales of Dissemination in small-Farm Agriculture: Lessons for Institution Builders. World Development 21, no. 10: 1567–82.
Tendler, Judith, and Monica Alves Amorim (1996) Small Firms and Their Helpers: Lessons on Demand. World Development 24, no. 3: 407–26.
Thompson, John (1995) Participatory Approaches in Governmental Bureaucracies: Facilitating the Process of Institutional Change. World Development 24, no. 3: 1521–54.
United Nations Development Programme (1990–1998) Human Development Report. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Uphoff, Norman (1992) Learning from Gal Oya: Possibilities for Participatory Development and Post-Newtonian Social Science. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Uvin, Peter (1995) Fighting Hunger at the Grassroots: Paths to Scaling Up. World Development 23, no. 6: 927–40.
World Bank (1994) The World Bank and Participation. Washington, DC: World Bank publication.
World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford University Press.