Fischer, Justina A.V. and Torgler, Benno (2011): Do Positional Concerns Destroy Social Capital: Evidence from 26 Countries.
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Research on the effects of positional concerns on individuals’ attitudes and behavior is sorely lacking. To address this deficiency, we use the International Social Survey Programme 1998 data on 25’000 individuals from 26 countries to investigate the impact of relative income position on three facets of social capital, covering horizontal and vertical trust as well as norm compliance. Testing relative deprivation theory, we identify a deleterious positional income effect for persons below the reference income, particularly for their social trust and confidence in secular institutions. Also often a social capital-lowering effect of relative income advantage occurs, while a rise in absolute income almost always contributes positively. These results indicate that a rise in income inequality in society too large is rather detrimental to the formation of social capital.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Do Positional Concerns Destroy Social Capital: Evidence from 26 Countries|
|Keywords:||Relative income; positional concerns; social capital; social norms; deprivation theory|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I30 - General
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Justina AV Fischer|
|Date Deposited:||05. Feb 2011 20:18|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 20:00|
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