Kawata, Yukichika (2011): Pollution and Environmental Issues in Agriculture and the Livestock Industry: A Brief Review of the Japanese Case.
Download (360kB) | Preview
This paper presents an overview of the current conditions of livestock-related environmental problems in Japan. The former Basic Agriculture Act, which was effective between 1961 and 1999, promoted single cropping, the use of chemicals in agricultural methods, and the use of large-sized machines, which caused problems such as soil impoverishment, replant failure, chemical residue accumulation, ground water pollution, and productivity reduction. Many of these livestock-related environmental problems are closely linked to substances in livestock excreta and excessive nitrogen, which is the prime cause of concern. These problems are related to externality and can be attributed to the overuse of natural resources. In addition, the former law ignored the multiple functions of agriculture, which, in turn, diminished the positive external effects. These problems are related to externality and can be attributed to the underuse of natural resources. This condition has been improved under the Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas Basic Act (New Basic Agriculture Act). Superficially, livestock excreta and excessive nitrogen contribute to the overuse problem, but if we regard them as unused resources, they can also be categorised as factors that contribute to the underuse problem. The new act offers measures to resolve underuse problems, but these measures continue to remain inadequate to arrive at a complete solution. Therefore, in addition to the legal approaches adopted, voluntary countermeasures by agriculture and livestock farmers should also be promoted.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Pollution and Environmental Issues in Agriculture and the Livestock Industry: A Brief Review of the Japanese Case|
|Keywords:||externality, livestock-related environmental problems, livestock excreta, multiple functions of agriculture, voluntary countermeasures|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q53 - Air Pollution ; Water Pollution ; Noise ; Hazardous Waste ; Solid Waste ; Recycling
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q18 - Agricultural Policy ; Food Policy
|Depositing User:||Yukichika Kawata|
|Date Deposited:||21. Apr 2011 20:45|
|Last Modified:||30. Dec 2015 18:17|
Arai, H. (2000). Livestock management (3rd ed.). Ienohikari Association. Bekoff, M. (2005). Strolling With Our Kin. (E Fujiwara, & S Henmi, Trans.). Chuo Koron. (2000) Brown, L. (2002). Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth. (K Fukuoka, Trans.). Ienohikari-sha. (2001) Chiba Prefecture (2008). Livestock hygiene newsletter, 11. Retrieved from http://www.pref.chiba.lg.jp/nourinsui/kaho/toubu/tayori20_12.pdf Ekaitsu, N. (2008). Agricultural economics ( 3rd ed.). Iwanami Shoten. Haga, K. (2005). From the age of livestock pollution prevention to the age of livestock environment, and what is the next age? Livestock Grassland Laboratory News, 17, p. 2. Hashimoto, J., Takamiya, N., Takeya, S., & Ishiwata, T. (1999). Balance and problems of livestock-derived excreta. Civil Engineering Laboratory Monthly, 550, 41-51. Higaki, S. (1980). Present state and problems of livestock pollution. Animal Medicine Research, 2, 1-7. Hokkaido Government, Department of Agriculture. (2005). Introduction to agriculture in Hokkaido, Volume of Livestock Farming. Hokkaido Agricultural Development and Extension Association. Hokkaido Government, Department of Agriculture. (2009). Hokkaido Dairy and Livestock Farming Data (2008 ed.). Retrieved from http://www.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp/ns/tss/kankeitop.htm Ito, N., (2008). Composting of livestock excreta. Retrieved from http://www.naro.affrc.go.jp/ET/h17/pdf/11-02.pdf Kamata, S., Shimizu, A., & Nagahata, H. (2001). Animal hygiene. Buneido Shuppan. Kajii, T. (2003). Food and agricultural issues in the WTO age. Ienohikari Association Kira, T. (1952). So-called overgrazed pasture from the ecological point of view. Ecology Journal, 2(4), 209-213. Masuko, T. (2006). Excreta treatment with consideration to environmental measurement. In F. Kawamura, T. Masuko & K. Furumura (Ed.), Basics and applications of dairy cattle control. Dairy Japan. Matsumoto, A. (2004). Beginning of archaeological economics: Process of the rise and fall of the civilization on Easter Island. In. S. Ikeda, Y. Sakai, & M. Tawada (Ed.), Risk, Environment and Economy (Chapter 10, pp. 145-169). Keiso Shobo. Matsumoto, H., & Matsuyama, S. (Ed.). (1995). Livestock hygiene. Japan Agricultural Development and Extension Association. Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries, Department of Production. (2008). Status of the claims caused by livestock farming, 2008. Measures for livestock environment. Retrieved from http://www.maff.go.jp/j/chikusan/kankyo/taisaku/pdf/kuzyo20.pdf Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. (2009a). National survey of abandoned farmland 2008 (field survey of abandoned farmland). Retrieved from http://www.maff.go.jp/j/nousin/tikei/houkiti/pdf/kekka.pdf Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. (2009b). Information on nitrate salt in vegetables, etc. Retrieved from http://www.maff.go.jp/j/syouan/seisaku/risk_analysis/priority/syosanen/index.html Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. (2009c). Risk profile sheet concerning food safety. Retrieved from http://www.maff.go.jp/j/syouan/seisaku/risk_analysis/priority/pdf/chem_nitrite.pdf Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Statistics Bureau. (2009). Long-term series of statistics of Japan. Retrieved from http://www.stat.go.jp/data/chouki/index.htm Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Statistics Bureau. (2010a). Prefectures viewed from statistics 2009. Retrieved from http://www.stat.go.jp/data/ssds/index.htm Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Statistics Bureau. (2010b). Statistical yearbook of Japan 2010, 59. Retrieved from http://www.stat.go.jp/data/nenkan/index.htm Ministry of the Environment. (2002). Administration guidebook on measures against offensive odor. Retrieved from http://www.env.go.jp/air/akushu/guidebook/index.html Ministry of the Environment. (2009). Implementation status of the water pollution control act, etc. 2008. Retrieved from http://www.env.go.jp/press/file_view.php?serial=14645&hou_id=11849 Ministry of the Environment. (2010). Laws, government ordinances and ministry ordinances. Retrieved from http://www.env.go.jp/hourei/index.html Miyata, T. (2004). Economic character of upper class farms in pig farming: From the analysis of “the achievement barometer of advanced cases” by Japan Livestock Industry Association. Japan Livestock Journal, 75(2), pp. 247-266. Moriya, K., & Kitagawa, M. (2007). Old and new near-future style agricultural production. In H. Imai (Ed.), New challenges in livestock production (pp. 217-244). Kyoto University Press. Murota, T. (1995). Economics of entropy and circulation. In T. Murota, M. Tabeta, & A. Tsuchida (Ed.), Economics of circulation (Chapter 1, pp. 1-48). Gakuyo Shobo. Murota, T. (2001). Ecology of material recycling. Koyo Shobo. Ogimoto, K., Kashiwazaki, M., & Nakai, H. (1989). Livestock Hygienics. Kawashima Shoten. Oshida, T. (2000). Pig farming and the environment. Production veterinary medical system, part of pig raising (pp. 203-205). Nobunkyo. Oshida, T. (2006). Hygienic control and livestock farming. Livestock Environment Information, 33, 8-15. Retrieved from http://leio.lin.go.jp/tkj/tkj33/tokus2_33.pdf Sakuyama, T. (2006). International negotiation over the multiple functions of agriculture. Tsukuba Shobo. Shibata, H. & Shibata, A. (1988). Public economics. Toyo Keizai. Sugimoto, M., & Arai, K. (2006). The process of development and the system of techniques of grassland dairy farming: consideration by classes at Tsurui, Hokkaido. In K. Kurihara, K. Arai, & S. Kobayashi (Ed.), Conditions for the development of resource-recycling livestock farming (pp. 112-124). Association of Agricultural and Fishery Statistics Tainter, J.A. (1988) The Collapse of Complex Societies, Cambridge University Press. Tamanoi, Y., Tsuchida, A. & Murota, T. (1985). Condition for permanent wealth. In Kumar (Ed.), Schumacher’s school (Chapter 10, pp. 239-257). Trans. Kojinsha Group. Diamond. (First published in Tamanoi, Y. Tsuchida, A. and Murota, T. (1984) Towards an Entropic Theory and Ecology: Beyond the Mechanistic Equilibrium Approach, Économie Appliquée tome XXXVII-1984-No2, 279-294.) Turner, R.K., Pearce, D., & Bateman, I. (2001). Environmental Economics: An Elementary Introduction. (A Onuma, Trans.). Toyo Keizai. (1993) Utamaru, E. (1998). Explanation of the laws concerning the preservation of livestock environment (part 3). Livestock Environment Information, 3. Retrieved from http://leio.lin.go.jp/tkj/tkj03/kaiset03.html Yoshimura, M. (1986). Cities are restored by wildness. Gakugei Shuppansha.