KUMARA, Ajantha Sisira and PFAU, Wade Donald (2010): IMPACT of Cash Transfer Programs on School Attendance and Child Poverty: An Ex-ante Simulation for Sri Lanka. Forthcoming in: Journal of Development studies , Vol. forthc, No. forthcoming
Download (394kB) | Preview
For countries assessing whether to implement a cash transfer program, an ex-ante evaluation is vital to assess its potential impacts. This study simulates the impact of alternative cash transfer programs on school attendance and poverty among Sri Lankan children. We find that cash transfer programs targeting poor children would be the most cost-effective way to reduce child poverty and encourage school attendance. If means-testing is not feasible, then programs targeting the children in households with at least three school-age children would provide a suitable second-best solution. Our findings suggest that even a limited program budget can provide significant impacts.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||IMPACT of Cash Transfer Programs on School Attendance and Child Poverty: An Ex-ante Simulation for Sri Lanka|
|English Title:||IMPACT of Cash Transfer Programs on School Attendance and Child Poverty: An Ex-ante Simulation for Sri Lanka|
|Keywords:||Cash Transfers; Poverty; School Attendance; Sri Lanka|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H55 - Social Security and Public Pensions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I38 - Government Policy ; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H53 - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H52 - Government Expenditures and Education
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I22 - Educational Finance ; Financial Aid
|Depositing User:||Ajantha Sisira Kumara|
|Date Deposited:||04. May 2011 15:06|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 14:06|
Arunatilake, N. (2006) Education Participation in Sri Lanka-Why all are not in School. International Journal of Educational Research, 45(3) (2006), pp. 137-152.
Barber S.L. and Gertler P.J. (2010) Empowering women: how Mexico’s conditional cash transfer program raised prenatal care quality and birth weight. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 2(1), pp. 51-73.
Barrientos, A. and Dejong, J. (2004) Child Poverty and Cash Transfers. CHIP Report, No.4, Childhood Poverty Research and Policy Centre, London.
Bourguignon, F., Ferreira, F.H.G., and Leite, P.G. (2002) Ex-ante Evaluation of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: The Case of Bolsa Escola. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 2916, Washington, DC.
Central Bank of Sri Lanka (2009) Annual Report (Colombo: Central Bank of Sri Lanka).
Department of Census and Statistics of Sri Lanka (2008) Final Report on Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) 2006/2007, Colombo.
Forster, M.E. and Toth, I.G. (2001) Child Poverty and Family Transfers in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. Journal of European Social Policy, 11(4), pp. 324-341
Foster, J., Greer, J., and Thorbecke, E. (1984) A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures. Econometrica, 52(3), pp.761-766
Garcia S. and Hill J. (2010) Impact of conditional cash transfers on children’s school achievement: evidence from Colombia. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 2(1), pp.117-137.
Giang, L.T. and Pfau, W.D. (2009) Ageing, Poverty and the Role of a Social Pension in Vietnam. Development and Change, 40(2), pp. 333-360.
Glinskaya E. (2000) An Empirical Evaluation of Samurdhi Program. Sri Lanka Poverty Assessment Report, No.22-535-CE, World Bank, Washington, DC.
ILO (2000) World Labour Report, International Labour Office, Geneva, accessed at: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---comm/documents/publication/kd00059.pdf
Kakwani, N., Soares, F., and Son, H.H. (2006) Cash Trasfers for School-Age Children in African Countries: Simulation of Impacts on Poverty and School Attendance. Development Policy Review, 24(5), pp. 553-569
Kakwani, N., Soares, F., and Son, H.H. (2005) Conditional Cash Transfers in African Countries. Working Paper, No.6, International Poverty Centre, Brasilia.
Khanam, R. and Ross, R. (2005) Child Work and Other Determinants of School Attendance and School Attainment in Bangladesh. MPRA Paper, No. 9397, Munich, Germany. Accessed at: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/9397/
Lund F., Noble M., Barnes H., Wright G. (2008) Is there a rationale for conditional cash transfers for children in South Africa, Conditionality and cash transfers for children in South Africa. Working Paper Series, No. 53, University of Oxford.
Maluccio, J.A., Murphy A., Regalia F. (2010) Does supply matter? Initial schooling conditions and the effectiveness of conditional cash transfers for grade progression in Nicaragua. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 2(1), pp.87-116.
Rawlings, L. and Rubio, G.M. (2005) Evaluating the Impact of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs. World Bank Research Observer, 20(1), pp. 129-155.
Son, H.H. and Florentino, J. (2008) Ex-ante Impact Evaluation of Conditional Cash Transfer Program on School Attendance and Poverty: The case of Philippines. ADB Economics Working Paper Series, No.142, Asian Development Bank, Manila.
Soares F.V., Soares S., Medeiros M., Osorio R.G. (2006) Cash transfer programs in Brazil: impacts on poverty and inequality. International Poverty Centre Working Paper, No.21, Brasilia.
Tabor, S.R. (2002) Assisting the poor with Cash: Design and Implementation of Social Transfer Programs. Social Protection Discussion Paper, No. 0223, World Bank, Washington, DC.
UNESCO (2008) Data Tables of School Enrolment Ratios by ISCED Level. Paris, France. Accessed at: http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=178
UNICEF (2000) Poverty Reduction Begins with Children. New York. Accessed at: http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/pub_poverty_reduction_en.pdf
UNICEF (2009) Child Poverty: A Role for Cash Transfers? West and Central Africa. UNICEF Regional Office for West and Central Africa, Dakar. Accessed at: http://www.unicef.org/wcaro/wcaro_UNICEF_ODI_3_Cash_Transfers.pdf
United Nations (2009) World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision Population Database. United Nations Population Division, New York. Accessed at: http://esa.un.org/unpp/ White, H. (2009) Theory-based impact evaluation: principles and practice. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 1(3), pp.271-284.
World Bank (2005) Attaining the Millennium Development Goals in Sri Lanka: How Likely and What will It Take to Reduce Poverty, Child Mortality and Malnutrition, and to Increase School Enrolment and Completion. Working paper, No. 32134-LK, Human Development Unit-South Asian Region, Washington, DC.