Karan Singh, B (2011): Impact of adverse economic shocks on the Indian child labour market and the schooling of children of poor households.
Download (1MB) | Preview
This paper analyses the impact of adverse economic shocks on human capital formation in the case of India. It uses the extended theoretical model of Basu and Van (1998). The study has been carried out for the period between 1999 and 2002 and covers 385 districts. The results show that during a crisis, there is a fall in the school enrollment rate and a rise in the child labour participation rate. The study also argues that in the absence of a well-functioning credit market, to mitigate the adverse economic shocks on the children of poor households, the government must provide an incremental cash/in-kind conditional transfers to poor households with children.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Impact of adverse economic shocks on the Indian child labour market and the schooling of children of poor households|
|Keywords:||Adverse economic shock; Child labour; Poverty; Labour market; Education; Human capital formation; Mid-day meal programme|
|Subjects:||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook > E62 - Fiscal Policy
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D81 - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B2 - History of Economic Thought since 1925 > B21 - Microeconomics
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C3 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models ; Multiple Variables > C33 - Panel Data Models ; Spatio-temporal Models
|Depositing User:||Karan Singh B|
|Date Deposited:||18. May 2011 13:02|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 09:09|
Baland, Jean-Marie, and James Robinson. (2000). "Is Child Labour Inefficient?" Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 108(4), pp 663-79.
Basu, K. (1999). “Child Labor: Cause, Consequence, and Cure, with Remarks on International Labor Standards”, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 37(3), pp. 1083-1119 .
Basu, K., Das, S., Dutta, B., (2010). “Child labor and household wealth: Theory and empirical evidence of an inverted-U”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 91(1), pp 8-14.
Basu , K and Van P.H., (1998) : “ The Economics of Child Labor” , American Economic Review, Vol.88(3), pp 412- 427.
Behrman, J.R., Duryea, Sand Miguel Székely, M.,(1999). "Schooling Investments and Macroeconomic Conditions: A Micro-Macro Investigation for Latin America and the Caribbean," Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department. Working Paper No. 4184.
Blunch, N.H and Verner, D.,(2000). “Revisiting the Link between Poverty and Child Labor:Ghanaian Experience.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2488.Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Cole, S., Xavier, G., Jeremy, T., Petia, T., Robert, T., and James, V., (2008). “Barriers to Household Risk Management: Evidence from India.”Federal Reserve Bank of New York Staff Reports, No. 373.
Duflo, E., & Pande, R., (2007). "Dams," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol.122(2), pp. 601-646. Edmonds, E. and Pavcnik, N., (2005). “Child labor in the global economy”, Journal of EconomicPerspectives, Vol. 18(1), pp. 199 –220.
Edmonds, E., & Pavcnik, N., & Topalova, P., (2007)."Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform," NBER Working Paper No. 12884.
Grimm, M., (2009), Food price inflation and children's schooling, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS), Working Papers No 472, The Hague.
Guarcello, L., Mealli, F., RosatiF.C., (2009). “Household vulnerability and child labor: the effect of shocks, credit rationing, and insurance”, Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 23(1), pp. 169-198.
Jacoby, H.G and Skoufias, E., (1997). “Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country”, The Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 64(3), pp. 311-335.