Pfau, Wade Donald (2011): Retirement Withdrawal Rates and Portfolio Success Rates: What Can the Historical Record Teach Us?
Download (261kB) | Preview
Countless current and prospective retirees now rely on portfolio success rates calculated from the historical data for different retirement withdrawal strategies when planning their own retirements. Past history-based studies ushered forth what has become known as the 4 percent rule for retirement withdrawals, as historically 4 percent with inflation adjustments has served as a relatively safe withdrawal rate in the United States. But this study investigates whether the safety of the 4 percent rule achieved with an aggressive asset allocation is an appropriate conclusion to draw from the historical record. Historical portfolio success rates calculated from U.S. data may present a misleadingly rosy picture. In the time period covered by key withdrawal rate studies, financial markets in the United States performed exceedingly well from an international perspective, and such continued successes should not simply be assumed. Second, rolling historical simulations have made high stock allocations look more attractive than may be justified by over-representing a portion of the historical record in which bonds performed exceedingly poorly. Third, and most importantly, historical portfolio success rates teach the wrong lesson from the historical data as they do not account for the changing circumstances facing recent retirees. High earnings multiples, low dividend yields and low nominal interest rates indicate that conservative retirees should adjust their forecasts for future asset returns downward, which further implies lower sustainable withdrawal rates. For prospective retirees, the real lesson provided by the historical data is not past portfolio success rates, but rather to see how maximum sustainable withdrawal rates have related to the underlying sources of asset returns.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Commentary on:||Eprints 0 not found.|
|Original Title:||Retirement Withdrawal Rates and Portfolio Success Rates: What Can the Historical Record Teach Us?|
|Keywords:||safe withdrawal rates; retirement planning; withdrawal rate strategies|
|Subjects:||G - Financial Economics > G1 - General Financial Markets > G11 - Portfolio Choice ; Investment Decisions
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models ; Single Variables > C20 - General
N - Economic History > N2 - Financial Markets and Institutions > N22 - U.S. ; Canada: 1913-
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C15 - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D14 - Household Saving; Personal Finance
|Depositing User:||Wade D. Pfau|
|Date Deposited:||26. May 2011 09:23|
|Last Modified:||31. Dec 2015 13:00|
Bengen, William P. 1994. “Determining Withdrawal Rates Using Historical Data.” Journal of Financial Planning 7, 4 (October): 171-180.
Bogle, John C. 2009. Enough: True Measures of Money, Business, and Life. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons.
Cooley, Philip L., Carl M. Hubbard, and Daniel T. Walz. 1998. “Retirement Savings: Choosing a Withdrawal Rate That Is Sustainable.” American Association of Individual Investors Journal 20, 2 (February): 16-21.
Cooley, Philip L., Carl M. Hubbard, and Daniel T. Walz. 2003. “A Comparative Analysis of Retirement Portfolio Success Rates: Simulations Versus Overlapping Periods." Financial Services Review 12, 2 (Summer): 115-128.
Cooley, Philip L., Carl M. Hubbard, and Daniel T. Walz. 2011. “Portfolio Success Rates: Where to Draw the Line.” Journal of Financial Planning 24, 4 (April): 48-60.
Pfau, Wade D. 2010a. “An International Perspective on Safe Withdrawal Rates from Retirement Savings: The Demise of the 4 Percent Rule?" Journal of Financial Planning 23, 12 (December): 52-61.
Pfau, Wade D. 2010b. "Will 2000-Era Retirees Experience the Worst Retirement Outcomes in U.S. History? A Progress Report after 10 Years." Munich Personal RePEc Archive Paper #27107 (November).
Pfau, Wade D. 2011. "Can We Predict the Sustainable Withdrawal Rate for New Retirees?" Munich Personal RePEc Archive Paper #30877. May 2011.
- Pfau, Wade Donald Retirement Withdrawal Rates and Portfolio Success Rates: What Can the Historical Record Teach Us? (deposited 26. May 2011 09:23) [Currently Displayed]